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Au psy492 xe_m7_a2_behavior and lack of nutrition


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Au psy492 xe_m7_a2_behavior and lack of nutrition

  1. 1. Behavior and Lack of Nutrition <ul><li>Roberta C. Simpkin </li></ul><ul><li>PSY492 XE </li></ul><ul><li>Argosy University </li></ul>
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Purpose of this review paper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to learn and find association between behavior and lack of nutrition and how lack of proper nutrition can be attributed to negative behavior in people. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Effects of Lack of Nutrition <ul><li>Withdraw from society </li></ul><ul><li>Underachievers </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be happy individuals </li></ul><ul><li>(Argosy University, 2010) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Relation Between Nutrition and Behavior <ul><li>Not getting proper nutrition can produce negative behavior </li></ul><ul><li>People acting out their worse feelings </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Argosy University, 2011) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Not Getting Proper Nutrition <ul><li>Lead to problems in academics, relationships, difficulties coping with one’s environments (Argosy University, 2011). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Nutritional Problems/D isorders <ul><li>Nutritional problems - linked to environmental disadvantage - possibility exists for long-term developmental effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of nutritional disorders - eradicating behavioral and developmental problems (Lozoff, B., 1989). </li></ul>
  7. 7. A Study <ul><li>Males and females – did not fast - ate breakfast - happier and more relaxed during morning (Benton & Brock, 2010). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Poor Nutrition and Developmental Effects on Cognitive Ability <ul><li>Nutritional status of children - long-term developmental effects on cognitive ability </li></ul><ul><li>Protein deficiency in brain/behavior development - social and cultural impediments </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive medical care and nutritional enrichment - adequate physical development </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulating educational environment - improve intellectual development </li></ul><ul><li>Instituted in development of child - greater possibility of enhanced cognitive development (Boivin & Giordani, 1996). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Nutrition Disorders <ul><li>Nutritional deficiencies - Aggressive and depressive disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Early developmental deficiencies - lower serotonin levels at critical periods of neurodevelopment </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental deficits - dysregulation to stress, heart rate, and hypertension (Blasbalg, Ferguson, & Hibbeln, 2006). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Poor Nutrition – Poor Health <ul><li>Poor health behavior – need interventions to reduce risk behavior and strengthen health preventive lifestyles (Becker, Frasch, Kilian, Krüger, & Schmid, 2006). </li></ul>
  11. 11. Child Health - Cognitive Development <ul><li>Child health and cognitive development - correlate with health and socioeconomic status (Welsch & Zimmer, 2010). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Obesity and Behavior <ul><li>Obesity - related to mental disorder and medications used to treat psychiatric illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor patients with antidepressants – helps patients struggling with behavior (Marcus & Wildes, 2009) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sad Mood – Happy Mood <ul><li>People in sad mood – eat larger amounts of hedonic foods (buttered popcorn and M&M's) </li></ul><ul><li>People in happy mood – eat less hedonic foods (raisins) (Garg, Inman, & Wansink, 2007) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Prevention of Depressive Behavior <ul><li>Relationship between past lifestyle, social activity, and depressive behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of depressive behavior symptoms - physical exercise, dietary education, promotion of social activities </li></ul><ul><li>Intake of well-balanced meals and milk products (Aihara, Aoyama, Atsuko, Minai, & Shimanouchi, 2011). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Body Dissatisfaction - Behavior <ul><li>Women dissatisfied with their bodies - due to influence by media of images of thin women. </li></ul><ul><li>Eating disorders (not getting proper nutrition) often not implied in media - such competition affects body dissatisfaction with behavior (Ferguson & Winegard, 2011) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Improve Behavior <ul><li>Improvement towards behavior - forming intention to change one's nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Intention not sufficient for successful action without careful planning (Kreausukon, Remme, Reuter, Richert, Schwarzer, & Wiedemann, 2010). </li></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>Lack of nutrition - causes change in </li></ul><ul><li>behavior - influences performance </li></ul><ul><li>(Kreausukon, et al, 2010). </li></ul>
  18. 18. Happy Behavior - Sad Behavior
  19. 19. References <ul><li>Aihara, Y., Aoyama, Atsuko, Minai, J., & Shimanouchi, S. (2011). Depressive symptoms and past lifestyle among Japanese elderly people, Community Mental Health Journal (2011-04- 0147:2, 186, ISSN: 00103853 , Retrieved from Argosy University EBSCO database </li></ul><ul><li>Argosy University (2011). PSY492XE: Advanced General Psychology, Module Online Lectures, Retrieved from: http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Argosy University (2010). An Overview of Psychology: Its Past and Present, Your Future. Publisher: Pearson Custom, ISBN: 978-0-558-30918-3 </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Becker, T., Frasch, K., Kilian, R., Krüger, K., & Schmid, S. (2006). Health behavior in psychiatric in-patients compared with a German general population sample, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 10114:4, 242(7), Publication Type: Academic Journal 2243002 , Retrieved from Argosy University EBSCO database </li></ul><ul><li>Benton, D. & Brock, H. (2010). Mood and the macro-nutrient composition of breakfast and the mid-day meal. (Dec. 2010). | 2010-12-0155:3, | 436 | ISSN: 0195-6663 | Retrieved from Argosy University PsycINFO Database </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Blasbalg, T., Ferguson, T., & Hibbeln, J. (2006). Omega-3 fatty acid deficiencies in neurodevelopment, aggression and autonomic dysregulation: Opportunities for intervention, International Review of Psychiatry, 2006, 0418:2, 107(12) ISSN: 09540261, Publication Type: Academic Journal Language: English AN: 20855339 DOI: 0.1080/09540260600582967, Retrieved from Argosy University EBSCO database </li></ul><ul><li>Boivin, M., & Giordani, B. (1996). Economic advantage and the cognitive ability of rural children in Zaire , Academic Journal of Psychology , 1996-01130:1, 95(13), ISSN: 00223980 , Retrieved from Argosy University EBSCO database </li></ul><ul><li>Ferguson, C., & Winegard, B. (2011). Who is the fairest one of all? How evolution guides peer and media influences on female body dissatisfaction . Review of General Psychology, 2011-03-0115:1, 11, ISSN: 1089-2680, Retrieved from Argosy University PsycINFO database </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Garg, N., Inman, J., & Wansink, B. (2007). Project HEALTH: Stages of secondary sexual characteristics and nutrition related correlates . The Influence of Incidental Effect on Consumers' Food Intake, Publication Type: Academic Journal of Marketing, 2007-0171:1, 194(13), ISSN: 00222429 , Retrieved from Argosy University EBSCO database </li></ul><ul><li>Kreausukon, P., Remme, L., Reuter, T., Richert, J., Schwarzer, R., & Wiedemann, A. (2010). Translating intentions into nutrition behaviors, International Journal of Psychology (2010). Publication Type: Academic Journal ISSN: 00207594 , Retrieved from Argosy University PsycINFO database </li></ul><ul><li>Lozoff, B. (1989). Nutrition and behavior | 1989-02-0144:2 | 231 | ISSN: 0003-066X | Retrieved from Argosy University PsycINFO Database </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Marcus, M., & Wildes, J. (2009). Obesity: Is it a mental disorder? International Journal of Eating 2009 -1242:8, 739(15), ISSN: 02763478, American Psychiatric Association, Publication Type: Academic Journal: 45232188, DOI: 10.1002/eat.20725, Retrieved from Argosy University EBSCO database </li></ul><ul><li>Welsch, D., & Zimmer, D. (2010). The effect of health and poverty on early childhood cognitive development. Atlantic Economic Journal, 2010-0338:1,37(13) ISSN: 01974254 Publication Type: Academic Journal Language: English AN: 48157055 DOI: 10.1007/s11293-009-9198-2 , Retrieved from Argosy University EBSCO database </li></ul>