Correlation of basement flooding with overland drainage & topographic risk factors during severe storms (Toronto, Ontario, May 12, 2000, August 19, 2005, July 8, 2013 severe storms).
Severe Basement Flooding Events – Toronto, ON
Risk Factor Mapping
Overland Drainage (on table land, beyond regulated valley / river flood vulnerable area)
Catchment Relief (topographic slope factors)
Correlation of Observed Flooding, Flood Density and Risks
Joint Back-up and Overland Peril Considerations
Next Steps for Further Study