{
PROBLEM:
England is an island
and is open to attack
from all sides – very
difficult to defend
Three major
inhabitants:
1. ...
Celts

Not pronounced like how you think
Tall, blond warriors
Also called the Brythons
Mostly farmers who lived in
clans
Polytheistic – animism –
everything has a ...
{
Hadrian’s Wall

Started to be built in
122 by the Romans to
form a clear border
Protection from the
Picts (Scotland)
2 m...
{

Romans built roads and aqueducts
They brought Christianity, government, and money
They left in 406 – Why?
Angles and Saxons from
Germany and Jutes rom
Denmark
Anglaterre – Land of
Angels
Celts move to Wales
Many territories – ma...
King Alfred is a Christian
and Brings:
Somewhat national
religion
Helps unification of
country
Improves education
Develops...
Anglo Saxon Society
Male dominated but treated
women fairly
Three main concepts:
1. Mead Hall
2. Fate – wyrd
3. Comitatus ...
Literature

{
Book of Exeter – 940
Oral tradition
Scops – oral poets
Gleeman – ass’s scop
Venerable Bede – first history of
England

Alf...
How do we know this stuff?
The period ends with the Norman Invasion in 1066 –
more on that in a few days.
The Anglo Saxons
The Anglo Saxons
The Anglo Saxons
The Anglo Saxons
The Anglo Saxons
The Anglo Saxons
The Anglo Saxons
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The Anglo Saxons

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This presentation gives an overview of the Celts, Romans, and Anglo Saxons. It includes people, places, and events.

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The Anglo Saxons

  1. 1. {
  2. 2. PROBLEM: England is an island and is open to attack from all sides – very difficult to defend Three major inhabitants: 1. Celts 2. Romans 3. Anglo Saxons
  3. 3. Celts Not pronounced like how you think
  4. 4. Tall, blond warriors Also called the Brythons Mostly farmers who lived in clans Polytheistic – animism – everything has a spirit Stonehenge King Arthur {
  5. 5. { Hadrian’s Wall Started to be built in 122 by the Romans to form a clear border Protection from the Picts (Scotland) 2 million tons of rock and soil Every mile marked by a fort – includes 16 larger forts 75 miles long – 10 feet tall
  6. 6. { Romans built roads and aqueducts They brought Christianity, government, and money They left in 406 – Why?
  7. 7. Angles and Saxons from Germany and Jutes rom Denmark Anglaterre – Land of Angels Celts move to Wales Many territories – many kings until . . . 871 King Alfred forces out the Jutes and Vikings – unifies England for the first time {
  8. 8. King Alfred is a Christian and Brings: Somewhat national religion Helps unification of country Improves education Develops literature
  9. 9. Anglo Saxon Society Male dominated but treated women fairly Three main concepts: 1. Mead Hall 2. Fate – wyrd 3. Comitatus relationship {
  10. 10. Literature {
  11. 11. Book of Exeter – 940 Oral tradition Scops – oral poets Gleeman – ass’s scop Venerable Bede – first history of England Alfred the Great – Anglo Saxon Chronicle Poetry: Beowulf, Caedmon, The Battle of Maldon Riddles
  12. 12. How do we know this stuff?
  13. 13. The period ends with the Norman Invasion in 1066 – more on that in a few days.

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