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Chess Merit Badge Presentation

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Slides to support a class on the Chess merit badge.

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  • DOWNLOAD THE BOOK INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (New Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THE can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THE is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBOOK .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, CookBOOK, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, EBOOK, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THE Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THE the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THE Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Chess Merit Badge Presentation

  1. 1. Chess 1 Merit Badge Presentation by Robert Casto
  2. 2. Robert Casto Troop 952 Dan Beard Council Cincinnati, OH Instructor / Presenter
  3. 3. Participation and Content • Everyone is expected to participate • Don’t be afraid to ask questions • Attitude determines altitude • Be prepared to think hard • Don’t fear failure! It’s a great teacher!
  4. 4. Class Timeline History, Benefits, Test (9-9:30) [1,2] Training (9:30-12) [4,5] Lunch (12-1) [3] Tactics & Problem Solving (1-1:45) [5] Tournament (1:45-3) [6] Game Review (3-4) [6]
  5. 5. Requirement 1 Discuss with your merit badge counselor the history of the game of chess. Explain why it is considered a game of planning and strategy. 9 am
  6. 6.  Originated in India  6th century – called chaturanga  In Persia called chatrang, evolved to shatranj  Started calling “Shah Mat!” meaning “the king is helpless”  Spread to Europe by 1000  History Of Chess by Susan Polgar 5:50 Requirement 1 History of Chess Krishna and Radha playing chaturanga
  7. 7. Fischer vs Hope 6:37 Requirement 1 Great Players
  8. 8. Two equally strong armies have gathered on opposite sides of a river. One commander evaluates the pluses and minuses of his and the enemy’s armies’ dispositions and comes up with a plan taking into account possible counter-attacks. The other relies on the strength of his troops and charges forward. The outcome of the battle is rather predictable, isn’t it? In chess the same thing happens all the time. A player who simply makes the moves he likes and hopes to win by random tactics usually succumbs to an opponent who has a plan behind his moves. Requirement 1 Planning
  9. 9. • Concerned with the evaluation of chess positions and setting goals for long- term plans and future play. –Position of pieces –Pawn structure –King safety –Control of key squares –Piece Development Requirement 1 Strategy
  10. 10. Requirement 2 Discuss with your merit badge counselor the following: a) The benefits of playing chess, including developing critical thinking skills, concentration skills, and decision-making skills, and how these skills can help you in other areas of your life b) Sportsmanship and chess etiquette 9:30 am
  11. 11. Chess is good for something? • Abstract reasoning - reaching conclusions from previous knowledge • Analysis - breaking something down into smaller things to solve • Concentration - the ability to direct your attention to one thing. • Creativity - ability to think of something and bring it to reality. • Critical thinking - applying logic and careful reasoning. Requirement 2 Benefits Playing Chess
  12. 12. Requirement 2 Benefits Playing Chess
  13. 13. • Evaluation - determining the value of something • Pattern recognition - recognizing something that you have previously seen and knowing what to do in that situation. • Problem Solving - recognizing a problem and coming up with a workable solution. • Strategic planning - deciding what is to be done with the resources available. • Synthesis - combining previous knowledge to help out in a current situation. Requirement 2 Benefits Playing Chess
  14. 14. Requirement 2 Sports- manship • YOU CAN WIN: None of these have any effect on the game – Age, position, profession, rank, gender, wealth, luck, etc. – Your skill determines the outcome
  15. 15. Requirement 2 Sports- manship • Start and end with a handshake • Never gloat over a victory • Do not distract your opponent
  16. 16. Requirement 2 Etiquette • Cell phones off • Observe but do not comment on games in progress • Follow Touch-Move rule • Avoid frequent adjusting of pieces • Behave with respect
  17. 17. Requirement 3 Demonstrate to your counselor that you know each of the following. Then, using Scouting's Teaching EDGE*, teach someone (preferably another Scout) who does not know how to play chess: a) The name of each chess piece b) How to set up a chessboard c) How each chess piece moves, including castling and en passant captures Do during lunch break! noon
  18. 18. Requirement 4 Do the following: a) Demonstrate scorekeeping using the algebraic system of chess notation. b) Discuss the differences between the opening, the middle game, and the endgame. c) Explain four opening principles. d) Explain the four rules for castling. e) On a chessboard, demonstrate a "scholar's mate" and a "fool's mate." f) Demonstrate on a chessboard six ways a chess game can end in a draw. 10 am
  19. 19. How to Use Chess Notation 4:35 Requirement 4.1 Algebraic Notation
  20. 20. • Opening – The first 4 to 10 moves – Many sequences well known – Well studied and memorized • Middle Game – More complicated with more options – Must rely on strategies and planning • End Game – Final stage with few pieces left – Work to promote pawns – Understand how to checkmate with certain piece combinations Requirement 4.2 Opening Middle Game Endgame
  21. 21. • 3 Basic Opening Strategy Principles 3:00 • Basics of The Italian Game 3:12 • Basics of The Ruy Lopez 4:31 • Basics of the Sicilian Defense 2:48 Requirement 4.3 Opening Principles
  22. 22. • How – Move King 2 squares left or right – Bring Rook to other side of King • Restrictions – King may not be placed into check – King may not pass through controlled square – Neither piece may have already moved – The squares in between must be empty – King may not castle out of check Rules of Castling in Chess 2:38 Requirement 4.4 Four Rules for Castling
  23. 23. • Also known as the 2 move checkmate • 2 Move Checkmate 2:31 Requirement 4.5 Fool’s Mate
  24. 24. • Also known as the 4 move checkmate • 4 Move Checkmate 3:09 Requirement 4.5 Scholar’s Mate
  25. 25. 1. Threefold Repetition 2. By Agreement 3. 50 Move Rule 4. Insufficient Materials 5. Perpetual Check 6. Stalemate 6 Ways to Draw 5:25 Requirement 4.6 Six ways to end in a draw
  26. 26. Requirement 5 Do the following: a) Explain four of the following elements of chess strategy: exploiting weaknesses, force, king safety, pawn structure, space, tempo, time. b) Explain any five of these chess tactics: clearance sacrifice, decoy, discovered attack, double attack, fork, interposing, overloading, overprotecting, pin, remove the defender, skewer, zwischenzug. c) Set up a chessboard with the white king on e1, the white rooks on a1 and h1, and the black king on e5. With White to move first, demonstrate how to force checkmate on the black king. d) Set up and solve five direct-mate problems provided by your merit badge counselor. 11 am
  27. 27. • Find ways to take advantage of weaknesses in your opponent’s game – Poor pawn structure – Weak King – Undeveloped pieces – Lack of center control Requirement 5.1 Exploiting Weaknesses
  28. 28. • Refers to moves where the opponent has no choice – A check, capture, or threat • With few options, it is easier to plan ahead what will happen • Can move a king out into the open, or back into a corner • A double-check, where 2 pieces are checking the king, forces it to move since both pieces cannot be taken Requirement 5.1 Force
  29. 29. • King is the most important piece • Must keep it safe at all costs • Doesn’t mean it cannot help – End game is where it can be strong • Careful moving pawn in front • Look for the stalemate • Keep opponent’s King position in mind • Look for tactics with a weak King • Attacks are coming. Deal with it! • King Position and Safety 11:31 Requirement 5.1 King Safety
  30. 30. • How to Understand Pawn Structure 3:56 Requirement 5.1 Pawn Structure
  31. 31. • What is Space in Chess 1:57 Requirement 5.1 Space
  32. 32. • What is Tempo in Chess 1:26 Requirement 5.1 Tempo
  33. 33. • Time limit on game – Each player gets a limited amount of time to complete all of their moves • If one player runs out of time, the game is over and they loose – Blitz : 5 minutes each – Rapidplay : 30 minutes each – Local league : 35 moves, 75 mins – International : 40 moves, 2 hours • Don’t forget to check if your opponent has run out of time • Know time limit before you play Requirement 5.1 Time
  34. 34. • Chess clocks have 2 clocks, 1 for each player • Black starts the clock • Pressing clock stops your timer and starts the opponents • Digital is much easier to use • Use same hand as moved piece • Do not pick up or you forfeit • Analog clocks have a flag that will fall when time is up Requirement 5.1 Clocks
  35. 35. • A move where you give your opponent a piece in order to free up space for a move of another piece • Usually made when a checkmate is close at hand • Beware should your opponent offer something for free • Brilliant Clearance Sacrifice 3:24 • Top 5 Greatest Sacrifices 12:44 Requirement 5.2 Clearance Sacrifice
  36. 36. • A tactic of ensnaring a piece, usually the King or Queen, by forcing it to move to poor position • The Decoy 2:50 Requirement 5.2 Decoy
  37. 37. • A situation where moving a piece reveals an attack by another piece • Discovered Attacks 5:39 Requirement 5.2 Discovered Attack
  38. 38. • Two attacks made at the same time • Very unlikely to defend against both attacks • Double Attack 5:38 Requirement 5.2 Double Attack
  39. 39. • Use of the Knight to attack 2 or more pieces • When used against the King, the other attacked piece is defenseless • Knight Fork Signals 7:57 Requirement 5.2 Knight Fork
  40. 40. • The King doesn’t always have to move to get out of check • Another piece can be used to block the attack • Pawns are a good option to block the attack of a more powerful piece • Your opponent will look for other pieces to attack the interposing piece for a chance to win it if defenses are weak Requirement 5.2 Interposing
  41. 41. • A piece that is protecting too many pieces • If the piece moves away, it will leave something unprotected • How Overloading Works 5:53 Requirement 5.2 Overloading
  42. 42. • Having more than one piece controlling or attacking a single square • The more pieces able to move to the position, the more protection there is • It serves to discourage an opponent from attacking the position Requirement 5.2 Over- protecting
  43. 43. • A piece that cannot move because it will expose a check on the King or allow a powerful piece to be taken such as the Queen • The Pin 6:56 Requirement 5.2 Pin
  44. 44. • Remove the piece that is protecting another • Once it is gone, then the other piece or position becomes vulnerable • Removing the Defender 6:30 Requirement 5.2 Remove the Defender
  45. 45. • Attack against King with a piece behind it • Sometimes called a reverse pin • King must move out of the way • The revealed piece can be taken • Other pieces can also be skewered • Skewers 4:47 Requirement 5.2 Skewer
  46. 46. • German word that means intermediate move • Making a move before the obvious move for some kind of benefit • Zwishenzug 2:29 Requirement 5.2 Zwischenzug
  47. 47. Requirement 5.3 Show Forced Checkmate
  48. 48. Requirement 5.4 Solve For Mate Practice #1 2 Moves
  49. 49. Requirement 5.4 Solve For Mate Practice #2 2 Moves
  50. 50. Requirement 5.4 Solve For Mate Practice #3 2 Moves
  51. 51. • Use handouts to find chess problems to solve • Pages show how many moves are needed • You get a point for each move – So a 2 move puzzle is 2 points • Get a total of 5 or more points • Write down the moves using algebraic notation • Show counselor your answers Requirement 5.4 Solve For Mate Problems
  52. 52. Blue Cards • Fill out during tournament • Fill all dates, even those for the counselor • If getting partial, fill out numbers and dates on back in table. I will initial each as I review. • Do not present card unless it is filled out
  53. 53. Open Time Tournament starts at 1:45 pm Use this time to ask questions, review puzzles, restroom, etc.
  54. 54. Requirement 6 Do ONE of the following: 1. Play at least three games of chess with other Scouts and/or your merit badge counselor. Replay the games from your score sheets and discuss with your counselor how you might have played each game differently. 2. Play in a scholastic (youth) chess tournament and use your score sheets from that tournament to replay your games with your merit badge counselor. Discuss with your counselor how you might have played each game differently. 3. Organize and run a chess tournament with at least four players, plus you. Have each competitor play at least two games. 1:45 pm
  55. 55. Tournament • Double Elimination • Medals for top 3 finishers • Must record games • Limit of 10 minutes per game Requirement 6a
  56. 56. • Games chosen at random from tournament • Due to limited time per game, many opportunities will have been missed • This is not intended to be critical. Please view as instructive to improve play. • Analyze decisions and possible better moves Requirement 6a Replay Games 3 pm
  57. 57. My Contact Info • EMAIL: casto.robert@gmail.com • POST: 7723 Tylers Place Blvd #180 West Chester, OH 45044 Help clean up please! Geri’s Game 4:51 Intelligent Chess Move :41 Speed Chess – 2 minute game 2:47 Magnus Carlsen vs Hou Yifan 20:19

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