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Writing Strategies Chapter5


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Writing Strategies Chapter5

  1. 1. Writing Up You University Assignments and Research Projects ROBERT BRUNET SOLÉ Department of Chemical Engineering, URV, Tarragona Sustainable Computer Aided Process Engineering GroupRobert Brunet Page 1 of 11
  2. 2. 5. Understanding the research and writing process 5.1. The basic requeriments of a research project 5.2. Decinding on a research 5.3. Writing a proposal 5.4. Adopting the correct mindset 5.5. Studying independently 5.6. Attending seminars, conferences, etc. 5.7. Getting down to writingRobert Brunet Page 2 of 11
  3. 3. 5.1. The basic requeriments of a research project 5.1.1. What is originality? • One of key points of a thesis, is the originality (add something new to the body of knowledge that already exists). • Feel that your research contributes to the knowledge of the subject. 5.1.2. Other requeriments • Be an integrated whole and present a coherent argument; • Give a critical assessment of the relevant literature, describe the method of research and its findings, include discussion. • Include a full bibliography and references. • Demonstrate research skills relevant to the thesis being presented. • Be of a standard to merit publication in whole or in part or in revised.Robert Brunet Page 3 of 11
  4. 4. 5.2. Decinding on a research • Select something you find interesting. 2. Unless it is to be your life’s work- or a good part of it- try to avoid projects that seem open-ended; insead choose something that will fit into the timescale you have in mind for your research. 3. Areas of controversy and/or areas where there are various views and approaches that allow for comparison are often fertile teritory for research. 4. Keep alert with the latest developments in your area of study. 5. Discuus developments in your field and areas of particular interest to you with fellow students, colleagues and lecturers. 6. Finally, try to be alert to potential research leads.Robert Brunet Page 4 of 11
  5. 5. 5.3. Writing a proposal • Before commencing with your research, you will be asked to submit a proposal describing the nature of your project and the motivation for it. • This proposal is normally no more than two sides of A4 and serves two important purposes. • It forces you, the researcher, to calirify your own thinking. • A proposal gives the department an opportunity to judge whether the project is viable and whether you as a researcher have thought it through adequately and are capable of bringing it to fruition. • A proposal also allows them to decide whether they have a specialist in the department qualified and willing to supervise the project.Robert Brunet Page 5 of 11
  6. 6. 5.3. Writing a proposal • Proposal needs to contain the following elements: • Title and subject: • Context of the project: • Statement of aims and objectives (what your research is going to achieve, what problem it seeks to adress, and the nature of the key constructs to solving that problem). • Formulating your hypothesis (These are simply statements –expressed as assertions- about the anticipated outcomes of your study). • An indication of your methodology (You will need to explain how you plan to achieve those aims and objectives; i.e. what methods do you plan to use). • Expected outcomes You may well have expectations about the eventual findings of the project. • A time frame for completion How long you expect your project to take. Of course, many of thesedetails will change once your research begins and develops. What is important is to show that you have a viable project, along with the tools and know-how to conduct it effectively and bring it to a successful conclusion.Robert Brunet Page 6 of 11
  7. 7. 5.4. Adopting the correct mindset • Always be sure about this three key questions • What are you doing in your research? • Which results do you hope to achieve? • How you intend to achieve it? .Robert Brunet Page 7 of 11
  8. 8. 5.5. Studying independently • It is often said that doing research can be very lonely business. Most of the time you will probably be working alone. • You will need to be organized, systematic and disciplined; i.e. efficient • Organize your study area. • Careful time management (decide which days or parts of your days you are going to devote to your research, and try your best to stick to your timetable). • Try to know where is everything and all people involved in your work • Try to set clear and manageable goals or milestones (having something to aim at helps to mantain momentum and ensure progress). • Record information methodically • Don’t get bogged down in detail • Discuss ideas with colleagues (where appropiate) this can be a good way of getting you to think further about your ideas. 8. Develop your professional vocabulary: (try to become so familiar with the language and vocabulary of your field that its use becomes second nature to you.)Robert Brunet Page 8 of 11
  9. 9. 5.6. Attending seminars, conferences, etc. • Attending research seminars and conferences is one way of generating ideas for possible research projects • Just a journal article will often suggest proposals for futher research. • Attending these events may also provide ideas of ways you can develop and refine a research project you already have underway.Robert Brunet Page 9 of 11
  10. 10. 5.7. Getting down to writing  How to Get a Ph.D. (Phillips and Pugh);  The Research Student’s Guide to Success (Cryer)  The Unwritten Rules of PhD Research  The Open University Press study skills wbsite: Brunet Page 10 of 11
  11. 11. Thanks for your attention! ROBERT BRUNET SOLÉ Department of Chemical Engineering, URV, Tarragona Sustainable Computer Aided Process Engineering GroupRobert Brunet Page 11 of 11