The Search Process : Step 1


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This presentation presentation discusses the first steps of starting a search and developing a clear research question. Intended to be used with the video on the VCU Nursing Research Guide.

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The Search Process : Step 1

  1. 1. THE SEARCH PROCESSStep 1: Starts with Problem or Need for Information/Developing a Clear Research QuestionTompkins-McCaw Library for the Health Sciences, VCU Libraries
  2. 2. The Search Process2.5. Evaluatethe Results6. Good Results = Use the Data• Bad = Start Over3. Choose the appropriatedatabase(s) or resource foryour topic4. Perform theSearch1. Problem/ ConstructQuestionImage: Your SearchStrategy• Synonyms for Search Terms• Subject Heading vs. Keyword• Boolean Operators & Limits
  3. 3. The Problem……….• Helping a older, femalepatient to deal with thepain or other issues relatedto fibromyalgia• Improve Quality of LifeQuestion - Brings Focus to Search of the LiteratureChronic Pain / Fatigue / Sleep Issues
  4. 4. Formulate Your QuestionQuestionIs therapeutic touch or guidedimagery more effective whentreating a patient withfibromyalgia?P(Problem, Patient,Population, Program)I(Intervention)C(Comparison)O(Outcome)T(Type ofQuestion)T(Type ofStudy)
  5. 5. Type of Question/ Best Type ofStudyType of Question Best Type of StudyTherapyHow to select treatments to offer patients that do more goodthan harm and that are worth the efforts and costs of usingthemRandomized Control Trial (RCT)PreventionHow to prevent a disease or condition RCT/ Cohort Study / Case ControlPrognosisHow to estimate the patients likely clinical course over timeand anticipate likelycomplications of diseaseCohort Study/ Case Control/ Case Series or Case ReportDiagnosisHow to select and interpret diagnostic tests Blind RCT Compared to the Gold Standard(best treatment/test for diagnosis)Etiology/HarmHow to identify causes for disease RCT/ Cohort Study /Case ControlCost analysisEconomic costs of all facets of a intervention or diseasetreatmentEconomic AnalysisSearch Process Checklist
  6. 6. PICO & Breaking Search Into ConceptsMain ConceptsBreak Search in Groups/Concepts6Fibromyalgia | Guided Imagery & Therapeutic TouchThese concepts will be used to search the databasesFind Synonyms/ Related Terms for ConceptsDifferent Databases Use Different TermsP(Problem, Patient,Population, Program)I(Intervention)C(Comparison)O(Outcome)T(Type ofQuestion)T(Type ofStudy)Patient withFibromyalgiaFemaleOlder/AgedTherapeuticTouchGuidedImageryAlleviatingthesymptoms ofFibromyalgiaTherapyRCT
  7. 7. What are some alternative terms…• Guided Imagery• Fibromyalgia• Therapeutic Touch
  8. 8. Fibromyalgia TherapeuticTouchGuided Imagery• Fibromyalgia• Chronic FatigueSyndrome• Diffuse MyofascialPain• Fibromyalgia-FibromyostitisSyndrome• Postviral FatigueSyndrome• Therapeutic Touch• Massage• Zone Therapy• Reiki• Guided Imagery• Hypnosis• Directed ReverieTherapy• Imagery(Psychotherapy)Alternative Terms…
  9. 9. Ways to Find Alternative Terms/Background Information• Good Sources:1. Point-of-Care Tools• First Consult• Up to Date2. Government Sites• Medline Plus• PubMed Health3. Controlled Vocab. EntryTerms4. Google Scholar Term/ConceptMining
  10. 10. Google vs. Google Scholar main purpose of is tohunt for text in Webpages Displays results basedon Page Rank Does not really coverinformation contained inlibrary catalogs, officialgovernment documents,phone books, etc.• Indexes the full text ofscholarly literature across anarray of publishing formatsand disciplines• Includes most peer-reviewed online journals ofEurope and Americaslargest scholarly publishers• Tends to put weight oncitation counts whendisplaying search resultsFalagas, M. E., Pitsouni, E. I., Malietzis, G. A., & Pappas, G. (2008). Comparison of PubMed, scopus, web of science, and google scholar: Strengths and weaknesses The FASEB Journal :Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 22(2), 338-342. doi:10.1096/fj.07-9492LSFVine, #., & Rita. (2006). Google scholar Journal of the Medical Library Association, 94(1), 97–9.Wikipedia contributors.Google search Retrieved, 2012,