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Research for development - ARMA conference June 2019


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ARMA workshop designed to equip delegates with practical hints and tips to identify and assess potential research partners in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Presented by Rob Johnson (Research Consulting) and Therina Theron (Stellenbosch University & South African Research and Innovation Management Association)

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Research for development - ARMA conference June 2019

  1. 1. Research for development Rob Johnson (Research Consulting and Therina Theron (SARIMA) ARMA Conference 2019 1 Building research partnerships with low and middle income countries
  2. 2. 1. INTRODUCTIONS 2
  3. 3. Research Consulting 3 100+ clients 120+ projects 30 countries Research Management Knowledge Exchange Open science 15 LMICs A mission-driven business working to improve the effectiveness and impact of research and scholarly communication.
  4. 4. Southern African Research & Innovation Management Association  A not-for-profit membership body established in 2002 that serves15 SADC countries  led by a Committee of volunteers (elected by the members) together with the General Manager, who heads up the Project and Operations team, based in Pretoria, South Africa  a platform for research and innovation management professionals and support staff in the public and private sector, aimed at:  developing the discipline of research and innovation management,  promoting and facilitating best practices in research and innovation management  strengthening the research and innovation system to support regional social and economic development What is SARIMA?
  5. 5. Research Management Initiative and drive activities relating to the development of capacity and elevating the profession of RM in the region and globally Innovation and Technology Transfer Initiative and drive activities relating to the development of capacity and elevating the profession of TT in the region and globally African Engagement Promote and strengthen R&I management throughout Africa, leveraging of existing RM and I&TT portfolio activities All of the above is underpinned by the Operations portfolio which is responsible for: human and financial management, fundraising, membership, marketing and communications, stakeholder relationships, administration Key Focus Areas
  6. 6. Introductions… 6
  8. 8. Strengthening Research Institutions in Africa (SRIA) 8 1. Rapid Evidence Assessment 2. Country Needs Assessment Jan – April 2019 March-October 2019 Strategies and interventions available to strengthen research systems and research organisations in LMICs SSA focus: Kenya, Ghana, Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, Nigeria and Tanzania Project financed by DFID Delivered by Research Consulting, in collaboration with SARIMA and Consort Strategy
  9. 9. REA: evidence base 9 1 3 6 7 25 39 138 -10 40 90 140 Europe & Australia Latin America & Caribbean Asia (east) Asia (South) Global LMIC Africa Geographical focus 4 13 52 150 0 50 100 150 200 Professional body/business group Charity/advocacy organisation Government/international… University/Research organisation Sponsor organization 24 90 106 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Low Medium High Quality 220 studies
  10. 10. Needs Assessment Political economy 10 Socio-economic context National policy Stakeholder mapping Diffusion + Production 110 indicators Research system performance National research environment
  12. 12. Your experience of working with LMICs 12
  13. 13. Landscape challenges 13 Status of research LMIC governments are yet to see research as engine of development: universities’ primary role is educational, research is secondary. Heterogeneity The gap between flagship universities and everyone else is very large: collaborations with non-flagship universities is especially difficult
  14. 14. Research governance challenges 14 Institutional research policies Most institutions lack a formal research strategy and/or implementation guidelines Integrity and ethics Failure to use ethical standards, difficult relationships with research partners and lack of safeguards for recruiting research participants.
  15. 15. Human resources challenges 15 Recruitment and retention There is a shortage of senior scientists as RPOS struggle to recruit when staff doubles in size every eight years. Incentives for research Low salaries and non-transparent promotion systems lower motivations for research and publication and underpin brain drain. Training and mentoring There is a need for better and more systematic training opportunities for LMIC researchers.
  16. 16. Research management challenges 16 Financial management Multiple donor reporting requirements put a strain on financial managers. Research support Researchers have little support from their institution, often viewed by management as an expensive luxury. RIS Lack of electronic management systems makes it difficult to track active projects, estimate institutional research income or maintain good record management practices.
  17. 17. Q&A 17
  18. 18. Rob Johnson Thank you @rschconsulting 18 Therina Theron