Operating into Los
Alamos Municipal
Airport (KLAM)
PRESENTER – ROB FINFROCK
Why Fly Into Los Alamos?
LAM was selected for this presentation because it is a local airport (less than 25 nm
from Santa ...
The Basics
Field Elevation 7,171’ MSL
Runway 9/27: 6000’ x 120’
1.5 degree upslope Rwy 27
CTAF: 123.0
AWOS-3: 124.175
All ...
R-5101
Continuous, from surface up to 12,000’
MSL
NE boundary begins immediately south of
Runway 9/27
DO NOT FLY THERE! In...
The Details
Location atop the Pajarito Plateau means
frequent crosswinds, turbulence and
updrafts
2-Light PAPI (3.00 degre...
Flying into LAM from the South
Follow the river
Staying over the Rio Grande keeps you out
of R-5101 and away from overflyi...
Flying into LAM from the South
Antenna dish may point in any
position, including straight up
It may help to identify White...
Flying into LAM from the South
Second reporting point is adjacent to the
ball fields northeast of White Rock, along
the ed...
Flying into LAM from the South
Third waypoint is the Otowi (AW-tah-wee)
Bridge over the Rio Grande at NM Hwy 502
Highway b...
Flying into LAM from the North
First reporting point is Black Mesa, 5 nm
south of Espanola and 9 nm from runway on
the des...
Flying into LAM from the North
Second waypoint is the Otowi Bridge over
the Rio Grande at NM Hwy 502
3 nm SW of Black Mesa...
Flying into LAM on Final Approach
The final reporting point for both approaches
is the “Y” formed by the intersection of N...
Flying into LAM on Short Final
Visual cues from up sloping terrain may
result in lower than optimal approach path
2-light ...
Landing at LAM
Be prepared for changes in wind
direction, velocity, and up/downdrafts
through approach, touchdown and roll...
Parking at LAM
Limited parking and tie-down space
available
Self-serve fuel (100LL)
Courtesy car available on first-
come,...
Taking off from LAM
All departures from Runway 9, 1.5 degree
downslope at departure end
Be prepared for crosswinds and qua...
Taking off from LAM
Lack of emergency landing options –
there’s an emergency landing field
immediately north of the runway...
Why is Proper Reporting Important?
November 6, 2006: Two Beechcraft
Bonanzas on approach to Runway 27 from
the North
NTSB:...
Why is Proper Reporting Important?
N102H landed on top of N5368E as the
latter aircraft touched down on 27.
Aircraft veere...
Recommendations
Familiarize yourself with area before
takeoff
Know the proper reporting points and
traffic callouts
Verify...
Questions?
This presentation was compiled from information and images courtesy of:
• FAA
• Los Alamos Airport (www.lam.aero)
• SkyVec...
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Operating into los alamos municipal airport klam

  1. 1. Operating into Los Alamos Municipal Airport (KLAM) PRESENTER – ROB FINFROCK
  2. 2. Why Fly Into Los Alamos? LAM was selected for this presentation because it is a local airport (less than 25 nm from Santa Fe) that combines many operational aspects found at other non-towered fields, while also providing a number of unique considerations Community has a rich history, of which the atomic bomb program is merely a small part, with several museums and cultural sites throughout the city and surrounding area. Pajarito Ski Area (a 30 minute drive from LAM) offers a fun “fly-in” skiing venue in winter Los Alamos is home to a large EAA Chapter that organizes many events, including an upcoming Young Eagles flight day on June 15. (www.eaa691.org)
  3. 3. The Basics Field Elevation 7,171’ MSL Runway 9/27: 6000’ x 120’ 1.5 degree upslope Rwy 27 CTAF: 123.0 AWOS-3: 124.175 All landings on Rwy 27, takeoffs on Rwy 9 Right traffic for Rwy 27 for go-arounds Radio communication REQUIRED R-5101 lies IMMEDIATELY south of runway
  4. 4. R-5101 Continuous, from surface up to 12,000’ MSL NE boundary begins immediately south of Runway 9/27 DO NOT FLY THERE! In addition to radar surveillance, spotters along boundary watch for straying aircraft In addition to national security concerns, this Restricted Area is also in place due to explosives and munitions testing and, recently, UAV operations at Los Alamos National Labs
  5. 5. The Details Location atop the Pajarito Plateau means frequent crosswinds, turbulence and updrafts 2-Light PAPI (3.00 degree GS) left of runway, windsock to the right Rwy 27 uphill, Rwy 9 downhill Traffic sequencing relies on position reports relative to local landmarks Quartering tailwinds are common, especially on landing Traffic departing Runway 9 lacks options for emergency landing
  6. 6. Flying into LAM from the South Follow the river Staying over the Rio Grande keeps you out of R-5101 and away from overflying the community of White Rock First reporting point is the radio telescope at the far NE corner of Bandelier National Monument, south of the bend of Hwy 4 Telescope is 15 nm from runway threshold when following the described flight path
  7. 7. Flying into LAM from the South Antenna dish may point in any position, including straight up It may help to identify White Rock first, then look “down” along the mesa ridge to find the telescope This telescope is part of the Very Large Baseline Array (VLBA) and one of 10 located across 5,351 miles in the CONUS and Hawaii. Another is located in Pie Town; the array is controlled from the Domenici Science Operations Center in Socorro
  8. 8. Flying into LAM from the South Second reporting point is adjacent to the ball fields northeast of White Rock, along the edge of the mesa Multiple baseball, softball and soccer fields – hard to miss! 10 nm from the airport when following the described flight path
  9. 9. Flying into LAM from the South Third waypoint is the Otowi (AW-tah-wee) Bridge over the Rio Grande at NM Hwy 502 Highway bridge is north of the smaller Otowi suspension bridge, as described in “The House at Otowi Bridge” about Elizabeth Warner and the early days of the Los Alamos atomic bomb program. Bridges are ENE from the runway Turning inbound just south of bridges will put you on a 6 nm final for Rwy 27 Traffic must stay at least 5 nm east of airport until turning final to stay clear of R-5101
  10. 10. Flying into LAM from the North First reporting point is Black Mesa, 5 nm south of Espanola and 9 nm from runway on the described flight path
  11. 11. Flying into LAM from the North Second waypoint is the Otowi Bridge over the Rio Grande at NM Hwy 502 3 nm SW of Black Mesa, follow river to the bridge Turn inbound south of bridges for a 6 nm straight-in approach to Rwy 27 Traffic must stay at least 5 nm east of airport until turning final to stay clear of R-5101
  12. 12. Flying into LAM on Final Approach The final reporting point for both approaches is the “Y” formed by the intersection of NM Hwys 4 and 502. Minimum altitude at this point: 8,000’ MSL (field elevation 7,171’) 3 nm from runway
  13. 13. Flying into LAM on Short Final Visual cues from up sloping terrain may result in lower than optimal approach path 2-light PAPI left of runway, 3.00 degree glideslope. Windsock at right 1.5 degree upslope Rwy 27, looking towards the end of the runway in the landing flare will assist with depth perception Multiple buildings beneath and adjacent to approach path to Rwy 27 These obstructions will produce mechanical turbulence on final
  14. 14. Landing at LAM Be prepared for changes in wind direction, velocity, and up/downdrafts through approach, touchdown and rollout Go around if you do not touch down within 1st third of runway (or the length of eight 200’ centerline stripes) Tailwinds are common on landing – if the tailwind component exceeds 10 knots, consider going somewhere else!
  15. 15. Parking at LAM Limited parking and tie-down space available Self-serve fuel (100LL) Courtesy car available on first- come, first-served basis Do not perform engine run-up west of terminal building for noise abatement
  16. 16. Taking off from LAM All departures from Runway 9, 1.5 degree downslope at departure end Be prepared for crosswinds and quartering tailwinds on takeoff Check density altitude! Frequently above 9,500’ in summer If you haven’t broken ground on takeoff by halfway point, ABORT
  17. 17. Taking off from LAM Lack of emergency landing options – there’s an emergency landing field immediately north of the runway in the canyon, but this has become overgrown with small trees, etc.
  18. 18. Why is Proper Reporting Important? November 6, 2006: Two Beechcraft Bonanzas on approach to Runway 27 from the North NTSB: “Approximately 10 feet above the runway, the pilot [of top aircraft] began to initiate his landing flare when he heard a "clunk" sound. The airplane began what the pilot thought was his landing roll; however, his airplane was still 6 to 7 feet above the runway. The pilot then noticed his airplane begin to turn to the right and he attempted to correct to the left. Subsequently, the pilot observed another airplane underneath his airplane.”
  19. 19. Why is Proper Reporting Important? N102H landed on top of N5368E as the latter aircraft touched down on 27. Aircraft veered right and came to rest on runway - no injuries! NTSB determined both pilots were at fault for failing to maintain visual separation, adding that the pilot of N5368E was reporting his position on 122.8. What is the LAM CTAF, again?
  20. 20. Recommendations Familiarize yourself with area before takeoff Know the proper reporting points and traffic callouts Verify you’re on the correct CTAF! Be proficient in crosswind operations, taking into account that you may also need to take off and land with a quartering or direct tailwind Ensure your aircraft is well- maintained, and properly loaded for “hot and high” operations (again, there aren’t many options for an emergency landing)
  21. 21. Questions?
  22. 22. This presentation was compiled from information and images courtesy of: • FAA • Los Alamos Airport (www.lam.aero) • SkyVector.com • Airnav.com • Los Alamos Daily Post • FlickRiver.com • Google Maps • AOPA • Aero-News Network (www.aero-news.net) • CheckSix.com

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