Surfing Reserves in Australia – Experience presented by Brad FARMER
Seminar 3Worldwide Strategies to Protect Waves Brad Farmer & Prof. Andrew Short OAM
Global Wave Conference 2011 Very well globally organised20 years of advocacy in 15 mins – a ‘snapshot’ only 1,000’s of people involved – millions witnessed New and successful realisation method of wave protection
A surfer is … anyone whointeracts in the surf zone for recreation’ ‘SHORT & FARMER 2007’
Everyone is a ‘surfer’ Not to be perceived as a ‘fringe’ groupfor maximum political, economic and social leverage
A ‘National Surfing Reserve’ is … a declared ‘iconic’ (sacred) surfing siteeither in legislation or symbolicallyNSR began in Australia : 1973-1993-2004 Australia is just 1 BIG beach
AUSTRALIA100 years of surfing history SLSA 1902, Duke 1914 10,685 beaches
About NSR …1. Non profit2. Run by volunteers3. No corporate funding4. No membership5. Some government funding6. 99% successful in Australia – K.I.S.S. method7. Same level of protection as a ‘National Park or Marine Reserve’8. NSR is the model for ‘WSR’9. NSR seed partner to ‘World Surfing Reserves’10. Engaged global planning and execution
‘NSR (& WSR) Global Ambassador’ Kelly Slater Bondi Beach, March 2010
NSR: Setting global and national standards … It is the first time in any nation that …Surfing has been recognised in parliamentary legislation(law) to give surfers ‘primacy’ & enact powers to protectwave environments• Australia : NSW Crown Lands Act (1989)• Hawaii : Executive Order : SB 2646• New Zealand : Coastal Policy CPS (19)• USA – Latin and South America• EU ?
Why declare ‘iconic’ surf sites1. To raise awareness : to formally recognise surf, surfers & surf culture at a ‘iconic’ site2. To record surf history of the site (booklet)3. To proactively protect and preserve sites4. To discourage threats : ‘early’5. To empower and galvanise communities6. To claim a form of sovereignty by ‘surfers’7. To create a legislative basis for the future8. To educate and include : governments, media, industry and surfers – public awareness of sites / surfers
What is a NSR …• A coastal surf zone declared by boundaries and law• A national statement recognising the intrinsic heritage, culture, environment, sporting and social values• A voice for surfers and community• A vehicle for engagement, education and activism
How we do it in Australia …1. Identify and declare ‘iconic’ sites2. Gradually establish local NSR local groups, assisted by a national body3. Must have full support of local surfing community & preferably wider community (bottom-up approach)4. Engage all stakeholders .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Two NSR each year have been ‘declared’ since 2005 Now 11 NSR in Australia – 5 more in 2012 By 2015, completed 25 NSR in Australia Presently, encouraging other nations to create their own NSR (Hawaii, NZ, Indonesia, EU, Fiji etc) NSR / WSR Next : RSR (Regional Surfing Reserves)
NSR the future …1. Any surfing nation can start a NSR2. A NSR National Executive & NSR Local Steering Committees (LSC) - plus possibly govt assistance3. The base NSR model is available to all nations4. The model will vary according to nation5. Assistance is available (NSR Australia)6. NSR will be in 5 nations by 20157. NSR will collaborate with WSR in twocomplimentary ‘protection’ methods8. Ministry for Coasts – Council of Aust Govts (COAG)
Lennox Head NSR400 sq H – 7.2 kms of surfing coastline
- Sovereignty - (Surfers’ Sovereignty) ‘Territorial Integrity’• n. pl. sov·er·eign·ties 1. Supremacy of authority or rule as exercised by a sovereign or sovereign state.• 2. Royal rank, authority, or power.• 3. Complete independence and self- government.• 4. A territory existing as an independent state.
Worlds’ First ‘Indigenous’ Surfing Reserve NSW, Australia, 2012Black Rock (Indig.) NSR with Aboriginal Elders Council, Aboriginal Surfers, Commonwealth and State governments 40, 000 years of connection with ocean
Endurance and persistence• Many years in the making (20/30 +)• 1,000’s of volunteer hours• A commitment to excellence & K.I.S.S.
Govt, Indigenous, Business Far North WA, Red Bluff, GnarlooExtensive / comprehensive stakeholder engagement in remote regions
Gold Coast NSR = 4 southern point breaks20 years in advocacy – NSR Feb 24, 2011
Manly-Freshwater Beach ‘Birthplace of Australian Surfing’… goes from a NSR in 2010 to a WSR in 2012
Manly – Freshwater - AUSTRALIAboth a National & World Surfing Reserve 2010/2012 Unique Status
Desired Outcome1. The spread of NSR worldwide2. Consider the seeding of an umbrella coalition of this GWC group gathered; toward development of strategic (UNESCO targeted) objectives working concept title could be a … ‘INTERNATIONAL COASTAL COMMUNITIES COMMISSION’ FORMED AT GWC - OCT 25, 2011