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ADULT LEARNING
Adult Learning…Adult learning is any"post-compulsory"learning.It is a broad term that cancomprise formal collegeeducation;...
Andragogy             uses  approaches to              learning that are              problem-based and              coll...
Theory of Adult EducationAndragogy was originallyused by AlexanderKapp but was laterdeveloped into a theoryof adult educat...
Andragogy vs. PedagogyKnowles asserted that andragogy (Greek: "man-leading") should bedistinguished from the more commonly...
Knowles’ AndragogicalAssumptions   concept of the learner   role of the learner’s experience   readiness to learn   or...
Types of Education and Settings forLearning   Formal         Schools and universities   Nonformal         Organized ou...
Characteristics of Adult Learners                     autonomous and self-                      directed                 ...
Motivating the Adult Learner   social relationships   external    expectations   social welfare   personal    advancem...
Barriers   lack of time, money,    confidence, or interest   lack of information about    opportunities to learn   sche...
Critical Elements of Learning                     Motivation                     Reinforcement                     Rete...
Adults learn best when…   Prior learning is                Mistakes are seen as    appreciated and/or                opp...
ExperiencingAdult               Revising and                   Reflection                repeating                    and ...
Important Points of Adult    Learning   Adults will commit to learning    when the goals and objectives    are considered...
Important Points of AdultLearning                    Adults need to receive                     feedback on how they are ...
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  1. 1. ADULT LEARNING
  2. 2. Adult Learning…Adult learning is any"post-compulsory"learning.It is a broad term that cancomprise formal collegeeducation; job relatedtraining, communityeducation, or selfimprovement.
  3. 3. Andragogy  uses approaches to learning that are problem-based and collaborative rather than didactic  emphasizes more quality between the teacher and learner
  4. 4. Theory of Adult EducationAndragogy was originallyused by AlexanderKapp but was laterdeveloped into a theoryof adult education bythe American educatorMalcolm Knowles.
  5. 5. Andragogy vs. PedagogyKnowles asserted that andragogy (Greek: "man-leading") should bedistinguished from the more commonly used pedagogy (Greek:"child-leading").
  6. 6. Knowles’ AndragogicalAssumptions concept of the learner role of the learner’s experience readiness to learn orientation to learning need to know motivation
  7. 7. Types of Education and Settings forLearning Formal  Schools and universities Nonformal  Organized outside the formal system Informal  From everyday interactions
  8. 8. Characteristics of Adult Learners  autonomous and self- directed  have accumulated a foundation of life experiences and knowledge  goal-oriented  relevancy-oriented  practical  need to be shown respect
  9. 9. Motivating the Adult Learner social relationships external expectations social welfare personal advancement escape/stimulation
  10. 10. Barriers lack of time, money, confidence, or interest lack of information about opportunities to learn scheduling problems "red tape" problems with child care transportation motivation factors
  11. 11. Critical Elements of Learning  Motivation  Reinforcement  Retention  Transference
  12. 12. Adults learn best when… Prior learning is  Mistakes are seen as appreciated and/or opportunities to learn rewarded  Instruction provides Subject matter is relevant opportunity for interaction to their needs  Dialog is part of the learning Full of partial opportunity  Practical/hands-on for self direction is experience is part of the provided learning They can employ critical
  13. 13. ExperiencingAdult Revising and Reflection repeating and sharingExperientialLearning Applying InterpretingCycle Generalizing
  14. 14. Important Points of Adult Learning Adults will commit to learning when the goals and objectives are considered realistic and important to them. Adults want to be the origin of their own learning and will resist learning activities they believe are an attack on their competence. Adult learning has ego involved. Adults need to participate in small-group activities during the
  15. 15. Important Points of AdultLearning  Adults need to receive feedback on how they are doing and the results of their efforts.  Adult learners come to learning with a wide range of previous experiences, knowledge, self-direction, interests, and competencies.  Transfer of learning for adults is not automatic and must be facilitated.

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