SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Ronald barthes

1 of 9
Download to read offline
Ronald barthes
Barthes (1915 – 1980) was a French
literary theorist, philosopher and critic.
Barthes' ideas explored a range of
fields and he influenced the
development of schools of theory
including
structuralism, semiotics, social
theory, anthropology and post-
structuralism. His theory on Media-
Codes was important to the media in
The Hermeneutic Code

 The Hermeneutic Code (or
Enigma code) refers to any           The Proairetic Code (ACT)
element of the story that is
not fully explained and hence       The Proairetic Code (Action code) also
becomes a mystery to the          builds tension, referring to any other action
reader. The full truth is often    or event that indicates something else is
avoided. The purpose of the       going to happen, and which hence gets the
author in this is typically to      reader guessing as to what will happen
keep the audience guessing,                           next.
arresting the enigma, until the
final scenes when all is
revealed and all loose ends
are tied off and closure is
achieved.
The Semantic Code

  This code refers             The Symbolic Code
to connotation within
the story that gives       This is very similar to the Semantic Code,
additional meaning         but acts at a wider level, organizing
over the basic             semantic meanings into broader and
denotative meaning of      deeper sets of meaning.
the word.                  This is typically done in the use of
                           antithesis, where new meaning arises out
  It is by the use of      of opposing and conflict ideas.
extended meaning that
can be applied to
words that authors can
paint rich pictures with
relatively limited text
and the way they do
this is a common
indication of their
writing skills.
The Cultural Code

 This code refers to anything that is founded on
some kind of canonical works that cannot be
challenged and is assumed to be a foundation for
truth.
  Typically this involves either science or religion,
although other canons such as magical truths may
be used in fantasy stories. The Gnomic Code is a
cultural code that particularly refers to sayings,
proverbs, clichés and other common meaning-
giving word sets.
The Hermeneutic and Proairetic Codes work as a pair to
   develop the story's tensions and keep the reader
       interested. Barthes described them as:

"...dependent on ... two sequential codes: the revelation
of truth and the coordination of the actions represented:
    there is the same constraint in the gradual order of
melody and in the equally gradual order of the narrative
                       sequence."

Recommended

Barthes codes
Barthes codesBarthes codes
Barthes codesEmily236
 
Narrative theory
Narrative theoryNarrative theory
Narrative theorytaliasmith
 
Narrative theory in teaser trailers
Narrative theory in teaser trailersNarrative theory in teaser trailers
Narrative theory in teaser trailersalexsimpson95
 
Narrative structure
Narrative structureNarrative structure
Narrative structureasmediac15
 
Narrative structure
Narrative structureNarrative structure
Narrative structureasmediac15
 
Narrative structure, style and theory
Narrative structure, style and theoryNarrative structure, style and theory
Narrative structure, style and theoryedabrowskamedia
 
Narrative structure, style and theory
Narrative structure, style and theoryNarrative structure, style and theory
Narrative structure, style and theoryGabyV45
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Along came a spider
Along came a spiderAlong came a spider
Along came a spiderjvjf-2010
 
Along came a spider
Along came a spiderAlong came a spider
Along came a spiderjvjf-2010
 
Along came a spider - 9 shot analysis
Along came a spider - 9 shot analysisAlong came a spider - 9 shot analysis
Along came a spider - 9 shot analysisjvjf-2010
 
Along came a spider- 9 shot analysis
Along came a spider- 9 shot analysisAlong came a spider- 9 shot analysis
Along came a spider- 9 shot analysisjvjf-2010
 
Enigma codes
Enigma codesEnigma codes
Enigma codesasmedia16
 
'Get Out' Poster Analysis
'Get Out' Poster Analysis'Get Out' Poster Analysis
'Get Out' Poster Analysismyhamedia
 
Film Posters Presentation
Film Posters PresentationFilm Posters Presentation
Film Posters PresentationMelissa Turner
 
Vantage Point- 9 shot analysis
Vantage Point- 9 shot analysisVantage Point- 9 shot analysis
Vantage Point- 9 shot analysisjvjf-2010
 
Robbie final idea proposal
Robbie final idea proposalRobbie final idea proposal
Robbie final idea proposalJnae
 
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252Jshepherd1460
 
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252Jshepherd1460
 
Media Evaluation 1
Media Evaluation 1Media Evaluation 1
Media Evaluation 1james_gking
 

What's hot (17)

Along came a spider
Along came a spiderAlong came a spider
Along came a spider
 
Along came a spider
Along came a spiderAlong came a spider
Along came a spider
 
Along came a spider - 9 shot analysis
Along came a spider - 9 shot analysisAlong came a spider - 9 shot analysis
Along came a spider - 9 shot analysis
 
Along came a spider- 9 shot analysis
Along came a spider- 9 shot analysisAlong came a spider- 9 shot analysis
Along came a spider- 9 shot analysis
 
Enigma codes
Enigma codesEnigma codes
Enigma codes
 
'Get Out' Poster Analysis
'Get Out' Poster Analysis'Get Out' Poster Analysis
'Get Out' Poster Analysis
 
Film Posters Presentation
Film Posters PresentationFilm Posters Presentation
Film Posters Presentation
 
Presentation69er
Presentation69erPresentation69er
Presentation69er
 
Vantage Point- 9 shot analysis
Vantage Point- 9 shot analysisVantage Point- 9 shot analysis
Vantage Point- 9 shot analysis
 
Robbie final idea proposal
Robbie final idea proposalRobbie final idea proposal
Robbie final idea proposal
 
Poster genre research
Poster genre researchPoster genre research
Poster genre research
 
Script analysis
Script analysisScript analysis
Script analysis
 
Poster ideas
Poster ideasPoster ideas
Poster ideas
 
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252
 
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252
Whichtheoriescaniapplytomymusic 170131122644-170203132252
 
Media Evaluation 1
Media Evaluation 1Media Evaluation 1
Media Evaluation 1
 
therories
theroriestherories
therories
 

Similar to Ronald barthes

Roland Barthes
Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
Roland Barthesshiyanil
 
Barthes media trailers
Barthes media trailersBarthes media trailers
Barthes media trailersToviaBalo
 
Media Narrative Codes
Media Narrative Codes Media Narrative Codes
Media Narrative Codes abbiehallam
 
Narrative theory 2
Narrative theory 2Narrative theory 2
Narrative theory 209hughesjac
 
Narrative theory 2
Narrative theory 2Narrative theory 2
Narrative theory 209hughesjac
 
Barthes code
Barthes codeBarthes code
Barthes codecclarkson
 
Mediatheorypresentation alice
Mediatheorypresentation aliceMediatheorypresentation alice
Mediatheorypresentation aliceTaneshiad
 
Roland barthes narratives
Roland barthes narrativesRoland barthes narratives
Roland barthes narrativescharlienorris98
 
Genre and narrative threory booklet
Genre and narrative threory bookletGenre and narrative threory booklet
Genre and narrative threory bookletRafaelPerezOlivan
 
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon Millie Holt
 
Narrative codes 212344
Narrative codes 212344Narrative codes 212344
Narrative codes 212344EddieDew
 
Narratives in a Documentary
Narratives in a DocumentaryNarratives in a Documentary
Narratives in a DocumentaryJoe Toyer
 
Barthes enigma codes
Barthes enigma codes Barthes enigma codes
Barthes enigma codes BeibarsSeyy
 
L2 component 2 and barthes
L2 component 2 and barthesL2 component 2 and barthes
L2 component 2 and barthesMediaatFCHS
 

Similar to Ronald barthes (20)

Codes
CodesCodes
Codes
 
Roland Barthes
Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
Roland Barthes
 
Barthes media trailers
Barthes media trailersBarthes media trailers
Barthes media trailers
 
Media Narrative Codes
Media Narrative Codes Media Narrative Codes
Media Narrative Codes
 
Narrative theory 2
Narrative theory 2Narrative theory 2
Narrative theory 2
 
Narrative theory 2
Narrative theory 2Narrative theory 2
Narrative theory 2
 
Barthes code
Barthes codeBarthes code
Barthes code
 
Roland Barthes 2
Roland Barthes 2Roland Barthes 2
Roland Barthes 2
 
Mediatheorypresentation alice
Mediatheorypresentation aliceMediatheorypresentation alice
Mediatheorypresentation alice
 
Codes year 12
Codes year 12 Codes year 12
Codes year 12
 
The film project
The film project The film project
The film project
 
Roland barthes narratives
Roland barthes narrativesRoland barthes narratives
Roland barthes narratives
 
Genre and narrative threory booklet
Genre and narrative threory bookletGenre and narrative threory booklet
Genre and narrative threory booklet
 
Roland Bathes
Roland BathesRoland Bathes
Roland Bathes
 
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon
 
Narrative codes 212344
Narrative codes 212344Narrative codes 212344
Narrative codes 212344
 
Narratives in a Documentary
Narratives in a DocumentaryNarratives in a Documentary
Narratives in a Documentary
 
Barthes enigma codes
Barthes enigma codes Barthes enigma codes
Barthes enigma codes
 
L2 component 2 and barthes
L2 component 2 and barthesL2 component 2 and barthes
L2 component 2 and barthes
 
Task 9
Task 9Task 9
Task 9
 

Recently uploaded

ChatGPT's Code Interpreter: Your secret weapon for SEO automation success - S...
ChatGPT's Code Interpreter: Your secret weapon for SEO automation success - S...ChatGPT's Code Interpreter: Your secret weapon for SEO automation success - S...
ChatGPT's Code Interpreter: Your secret weapon for SEO automation success - S...SearchNorwich
 
TrustArc Webinar - TrustArc's Latest AI Innovations
TrustArc Webinar - TrustArc's Latest AI InnovationsTrustArc Webinar - TrustArc's Latest AI Innovations
TrustArc Webinar - TrustArc's Latest AI InnovationsTrustArc
 
Mind your App Footprint 🐾⚡️🌱 (@FlutterHeroes 2024)
Mind your App Footprint 🐾⚡️🌱 (@FlutterHeroes 2024)Mind your App Footprint 🐾⚡️🌱 (@FlutterHeroes 2024)
Mind your App Footprint 🐾⚡️🌱 (@FlutterHeroes 2024)François
 
Large Language Models and Applications in Healthcare
Large Language Models and Applications in HealthcareLarge Language Models and Applications in Healthcare
Large Language Models and Applications in HealthcareAsma Ben Abacha
 
AI improves software testing to be more fault tolerant, focused and efficient
AI improves software testing to be more fault tolerant, focused and efficientAI improves software testing to be more fault tolerant, focused and efficient
AI improves software testing to be more fault tolerant, focused and efficientKari Kakkonen
 
Enterprise Architecture As Strategy - Book Review
Enterprise Architecture As Strategy - Book ReviewEnterprise Architecture As Strategy - Book Review
Enterprise Architecture As Strategy - Book ReviewAshraf Fouad
 
GDG Cloud Southlake 30 Brian Demers Breeding 10x Developers with Developer Pr...
GDG Cloud Southlake 30 Brian Demers Breeding 10x Developers with Developer Pr...GDG Cloud Southlake 30 Brian Demers Breeding 10x Developers with Developer Pr...
GDG Cloud Southlake 30 Brian Demers Breeding 10x Developers with Developer Pr...James Anderson
 
Building Bridges: Merging RPA Processes, UiPath Apps, and Data Service to bu...
Building Bridges:  Merging RPA Processes, UiPath Apps, and Data Service to bu...Building Bridges:  Merging RPA Processes, UiPath Apps, and Data Service to bu...
Building Bridges: Merging RPA Processes, UiPath Apps, and Data Service to bu...DianaGray10
 
KUBRICK Graphs: A journey from in vogue to success-ion
KUBRICK Graphs: A journey from in vogue to success-ionKUBRICK Graphs: A journey from in vogue to success-ion
KUBRICK Graphs: A journey from in vogue to success-ionNeo4j
 
Microsoft x 2toLead Webinar Session 1 - How Employee Communication and Connec...
Microsoft x 2toLead Webinar Session 1 - How Employee Communication and Connec...Microsoft x 2toLead Webinar Session 1 - How Employee Communication and Connec...
Microsoft x 2toLead Webinar Session 1 - How Employee Communication and Connec...2toLead Limited
 
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024BookNet Canada
 
Geospatial Synergy: Amplifying Efficiency with FME & Esri
Geospatial Synergy: Amplifying Efficiency with FME & EsriGeospatial Synergy: Amplifying Efficiency with FME & Esri
Geospatial Synergy: Amplifying Efficiency with FME & EsriSafe Software
 
Q4 2023 Quarterly Investor Presentation - FINAL.pdf
Q4 2023 Quarterly Investor Presentation - FINAL.pdfQ4 2023 Quarterly Investor Presentation - FINAL.pdf
Q4 2023 Quarterly Investor Presentation - FINAL.pdfTejal81
 
AI for Educators - Integrating AI in the Classrooms
AI for Educators - Integrating AI in the ClassroomsAI for Educators - Integrating AI in the Classrooms
AI for Educators - Integrating AI in the ClassroomsPremsankar Chakkingal
 
SKY Paradigms, change and cake: the steep curve of introducing new technologies
SKY Paradigms, change and cake: the steep curve of introducing new technologiesSKY Paradigms, change and cake: the steep curve of introducing new technologies
SKY Paradigms, change and cake: the steep curve of introducing new technologiesNeo4j
 
Achieving Excellence IESVE for HVAC Simulation.pdf
Achieving Excellence IESVE for HVAC Simulation.pdfAchieving Excellence IESVE for HVAC Simulation.pdf
Achieving Excellence IESVE for HVAC Simulation.pdfIES VE
 
Establishing data sharing standards to promote global industry development
Establishing data sharing standards to promote global industry developmentEstablishing data sharing standards to promote global industry development
Establishing data sharing standards to promote global industry developmentThorsten Huelsmann
 
VM Migration from VMware to CloudStack and KVM – Suresh Anaparti, ShapeBlue
VM Migration from VMware to CloudStack and KVM – Suresh Anaparti, ShapeBlueVM Migration from VMware to CloudStack and KVM – Suresh Anaparti, ShapeBlue
VM Migration from VMware to CloudStack and KVM – Suresh Anaparti, ShapeBlueShapeBlue
 
Unleash the Solace Pub Sub connector | Banaglore MuleSoft Meetup #31
Unleash the Solace Pub Sub connector | Banaglore MuleSoft Meetup #31Unleash the Solace Pub Sub connector | Banaglore MuleSoft Meetup #31
Unleash the Solace Pub Sub connector | Banaglore MuleSoft Meetup #31shyamraj55
 

Recently uploaded (20)

ChatGPT's Code Interpreter: Your secret weapon for SEO automation success - S...
ChatGPT's Code Interpreter: Your secret weapon for SEO automation success - S...ChatGPT's Code Interpreter: Your secret weapon for SEO automation success - S...
ChatGPT's Code Interpreter: Your secret weapon for SEO automation success - S...
 
TrustArc Webinar - TrustArc's Latest AI Innovations
TrustArc Webinar - TrustArc's Latest AI InnovationsTrustArc Webinar - TrustArc's Latest AI Innovations
TrustArc Webinar - TrustArc's Latest AI Innovations
 
Mind your App Footprint 🐾⚡️🌱 (@FlutterHeroes 2024)
Mind your App Footprint 🐾⚡️🌱 (@FlutterHeroes 2024)Mind your App Footprint 🐾⚡️🌱 (@FlutterHeroes 2024)
Mind your App Footprint 🐾⚡️🌱 (@FlutterHeroes 2024)
 
Large Language Models and Applications in Healthcare
Large Language Models and Applications in HealthcareLarge Language Models and Applications in Healthcare
Large Language Models and Applications in Healthcare
 
AI improves software testing to be more fault tolerant, focused and efficient
AI improves software testing to be more fault tolerant, focused and efficientAI improves software testing to be more fault tolerant, focused and efficient
AI improves software testing to be more fault tolerant, focused and efficient
 
Enterprise Architecture As Strategy - Book Review
Enterprise Architecture As Strategy - Book ReviewEnterprise Architecture As Strategy - Book Review
Enterprise Architecture As Strategy - Book Review
 
GDG Cloud Southlake 30 Brian Demers Breeding 10x Developers with Developer Pr...
GDG Cloud Southlake 30 Brian Demers Breeding 10x Developers with Developer Pr...GDG Cloud Southlake 30 Brian Demers Breeding 10x Developers with Developer Pr...
GDG Cloud Southlake 30 Brian Demers Breeding 10x Developers with Developer Pr...
 
Building Bridges: Merging RPA Processes, UiPath Apps, and Data Service to bu...
Building Bridges:  Merging RPA Processes, UiPath Apps, and Data Service to bu...Building Bridges:  Merging RPA Processes, UiPath Apps, and Data Service to bu...
Building Bridges: Merging RPA Processes, UiPath Apps, and Data Service to bu...
 
KUBRICK Graphs: A journey from in vogue to success-ion
KUBRICK Graphs: A journey from in vogue to success-ionKUBRICK Graphs: A journey from in vogue to success-ion
KUBRICK Graphs: A journey from in vogue to success-ion
 
Microsoft x 2toLead Webinar Session 1 - How Employee Communication and Connec...
Microsoft x 2toLead Webinar Session 1 - How Employee Communication and Connec...Microsoft x 2toLead Webinar Session 1 - How Employee Communication and Connec...
Microsoft x 2toLead Webinar Session 1 - How Employee Communication and Connec...
 
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
 
Geospatial Synergy: Amplifying Efficiency with FME & Esri
Geospatial Synergy: Amplifying Efficiency with FME & EsriGeospatial Synergy: Amplifying Efficiency with FME & Esri
Geospatial Synergy: Amplifying Efficiency with FME & Esri
 
Q4 2023 Quarterly Investor Presentation - FINAL.pdf
Q4 2023 Quarterly Investor Presentation - FINAL.pdfQ4 2023 Quarterly Investor Presentation - FINAL.pdf
Q4 2023 Quarterly Investor Presentation - FINAL.pdf
 
AI for Educators - Integrating AI in the Classrooms
AI for Educators - Integrating AI in the ClassroomsAI for Educators - Integrating AI in the Classrooms
AI for Educators - Integrating AI in the Classrooms
 
In sharing we trust. Taking advantage of a diverse consortium to build a tran...
In sharing we trust. Taking advantage of a diverse consortium to build a tran...In sharing we trust. Taking advantage of a diverse consortium to build a tran...
In sharing we trust. Taking advantage of a diverse consortium to build a tran...
 
SKY Paradigms, change and cake: the steep curve of introducing new technologies
SKY Paradigms, change and cake: the steep curve of introducing new technologiesSKY Paradigms, change and cake: the steep curve of introducing new technologies
SKY Paradigms, change and cake: the steep curve of introducing new technologies
 
Achieving Excellence IESVE for HVAC Simulation.pdf
Achieving Excellence IESVE for HVAC Simulation.pdfAchieving Excellence IESVE for HVAC Simulation.pdf
Achieving Excellence IESVE for HVAC Simulation.pdf
 
Establishing data sharing standards to promote global industry development
Establishing data sharing standards to promote global industry developmentEstablishing data sharing standards to promote global industry development
Establishing data sharing standards to promote global industry development
 
VM Migration from VMware to CloudStack and KVM – Suresh Anaparti, ShapeBlue
VM Migration from VMware to CloudStack and KVM – Suresh Anaparti, ShapeBlueVM Migration from VMware to CloudStack and KVM – Suresh Anaparti, ShapeBlue
VM Migration from VMware to CloudStack and KVM – Suresh Anaparti, ShapeBlue
 
Unleash the Solace Pub Sub connector | Banaglore MuleSoft Meetup #31
Unleash the Solace Pub Sub connector | Banaglore MuleSoft Meetup #31Unleash the Solace Pub Sub connector | Banaglore MuleSoft Meetup #31
Unleash the Solace Pub Sub connector | Banaglore MuleSoft Meetup #31
 

Ronald barthes

  • 2. Barthes (1915 – 1980) was a French literary theorist, philosopher and critic. Barthes' ideas explored a range of fields and he influenced the development of schools of theory including structuralism, semiotics, social theory, anthropology and post- structuralism. His theory on Media- Codes was important to the media in
  • 3. The Hermeneutic Code The Hermeneutic Code (or Enigma code) refers to any The Proairetic Code (ACT) element of the story that is not fully explained and hence The Proairetic Code (Action code) also becomes a mystery to the builds tension, referring to any other action reader. The full truth is often or event that indicates something else is avoided. The purpose of the going to happen, and which hence gets the author in this is typically to reader guessing as to what will happen keep the audience guessing, next. arresting the enigma, until the final scenes when all is revealed and all loose ends are tied off and closure is achieved.
  • 4. The Semantic Code This code refers The Symbolic Code to connotation within the story that gives This is very similar to the Semantic Code, additional meaning but acts at a wider level, organizing over the basic semantic meanings into broader and denotative meaning of deeper sets of meaning. the word. This is typically done in the use of antithesis, where new meaning arises out It is by the use of of opposing and conflict ideas. extended meaning that can be applied to words that authors can paint rich pictures with relatively limited text and the way they do this is a common indication of their writing skills.
  • 5. The Cultural Code This code refers to anything that is founded on some kind of canonical works that cannot be challenged and is assumed to be a foundation for truth. Typically this involves either science or religion, although other canons such as magical truths may be used in fantasy stories. The Gnomic Code is a cultural code that particularly refers to sayings, proverbs, clichés and other common meaning- giving word sets.
  • 6. The Hermeneutic and Proairetic Codes work as a pair to develop the story's tensions and keep the reader interested. Barthes described them as: "...dependent on ... two sequential codes: the revelation of truth and the coordination of the actions represented: there is the same constraint in the gradual order of melody and in the equally gradual order of the narrative sequence."
  • 7. Barthes‟ theory suggests that by not fully explaining something and creating a mystery, it keeps the audience guessing about what will happen. By not explaining certain scenarios, shots and plot lines it leaves the audience to try and work out what the film is about and thus would be encouraged to go and see the film. Best examples of the enigma code being used in trailers are in horror trailers. This is because of the “monster” would not be revealed as this would ruin the element of shock, surprise and mystery about it.
  • 8. Horror: Insidious  One of the codes shown are hermeneutic codes. This is shown though the ghosts/spirits in the trailer, there is no indication of what is going to happen to the characters, which raises many questions in the audiences mind such as „What will happen to the characters?‟ and „Will the demons ever leave the family house?‟. The storyline creates mystery and enigmas in how the story will end and it makes the audience use their imagination and events that will occur next.  Another enigma that is created in the trailer is the audience are left on a cliff-hanger of whether or not the exorcist will be able to succeed in the exorcism, this will intrigue the audience into going to the cinema to answer their questions.  Proairetic codes are also used in the trailer. This is shown through the exorcist in the trailer; the audience are left wondering whether the exorcist will be able to get rid of the demons and treat the characters in the trailer who have been possessed by the demons of whether the exorcist too become possessed by the demons.
  • 9. Thriller: Face off  Hermeneutic codes are used in „Face off‟, this code creates mystery as it makes the audience wonder why the killer killed the detectives son; what was his motive?  Proairetic codes makes the audience think about what is going to happen next. Will the killer ever be found? It also raises questions whether the killer will strike again and kill other members of the detective family, this will intrigue the audience members into watching the full film at the