4G Technology


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a brief presentation on 4g technology

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4G Technology

  1. 1. 4G TECHNOLOGY PRESENTED BY: Anu Gupta(CSE/08/48) Jyoti Jain(CSE/08/67) Neha Gupta(CSE/08/69) Kritika Kedia(CSE/08/53) Ritu Bafna(CSE/08/68)
  2. 2. Index <ul><li>Where are we? </li></ul><ul><li>1-G </li></ul><ul><li>2-G </li></ul><ul><li>3-G </li></ul><ul><li>Where do we want to go? </li></ul><ul><li>What is 4-G </li></ul><ul><li>3-G Vs. 4-G </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of 4-G </li></ul><ul><li>Application of 4-G </li></ul><ul><li>Which countries have 4-G </li></ul><ul><li>4-G in India </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Future Prospects </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul>
  3. 3. Where are we? <ul><li>1G-First Generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2G-Second Generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SMS , MMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDMA , GPRS , EDGE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice Mail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3G-Third Generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video Calling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile TV </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 1-G <ul><li>Refers to the first-generation of wireless telephone technology, mobile telecommunications. </li></ul><ul><li>These are the analog telecommunications standards that were introduced in the 1980s. </li></ul><ul><li>The radio signals that 1G networks use are analog. </li></ul><ul><li>DRAWBACKS: </li></ul><ul><li>1G Poor voice quality </li></ul><ul><li>Poor battery life </li></ul><ul><li>Large phone size </li></ul><ul><li>No security </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent call drops </li></ul><ul><li>Limited capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Poor handoff reliability. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2-G <ul><li>Is based on GSM or in other words global system for mobile communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Was launched in Finland in the year 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>2g networks use digital signals. </li></ul><ul><li>enabled services such as text messages, picture messages and MMS </li></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul><ul><li>DRAWBACKS: </li></ul><ul><li>Requires strong digital signals to help mobile phones work. If there is no network coverage in any specific area, digital signals would be weak. </li></ul><ul><li>2G The GSM is a circuit switched, connection oriented technology, where the end systems are dedicated for the entire call session. This causes inefficiency in usage of bandwidth and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>The GSM-enabled systems do not support high data rates. </li></ul><ul><li>They are unable to handle complex data such as video. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3-G <ul><li>The 3G technology adds multimedia facilities to 2G phones by allowing video, audio, and graphics applications. Over 3G phones, you can watch streaming video or have video telephony. </li></ul><ul><li>The idea behind 3G is to have a single network standard instead </li></ul><ul><li>3G promises increased bandwidth, up to 384 kbps when the device holder is walking, 128 kbps in a car, and 2 Mbps in fixed applications. </li></ul><ul><li>DRAWBACKS: </li></ul><ul><li>High bandwidth requirement </li></ul><ul><li>High spectrum licensing fees </li></ul><ul><li>Huge capital </li></ul>
  7. 7. Where do we Want to go? 4G 3G 2G 1G <ul><li>High transfer rate </li></ul><ul><li>Internet access any where </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to move around with the same IP address </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Utilization of Smart antennas </li></ul><ul><li>High resolution Mobile TV </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is fourth generation (4G)? <ul><li>Characterised by high-speed data rates. </li></ul><ul><li>In 4G the download speed is up to 100 Mbps for moving users and 1 Gbps for stationary users </li></ul><ul><li>Will allow users to download a full-length feature film within five minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Will also be able to stream high-definition television and radio to hand-held devices </li></ul><ul><li>4G is adoption of packet switching instead of circuit switching in voice and video calls </li></ul><ul><li>With packet switching, resources are only used when there is information to be sent across </li></ul>
  9. 9. 3G Vs 4G The basic difference between 3G and 4G is in data transfer and signal quality. The highest download and upload speed in 3G are 14 Mbps and 5.8 Mbps respectively Technology 3G 4G Data Transfer Rate 3.1MB /sec 100MB/sec Internet services Broadband Ultra Broadband Mobile -TV Resolution Low High Bandwidth 5 - 20 MHz 100 +MHz Frequency 1.6- 2 GHZ 2 – 8 GHz Network Architecture Wide Area Network Hybrid Network
  10. 10. Advantages of 4-G <ul><li>Affordable communication services. </li></ul><ul><li>High speed,high capacity and low cost per bit. </li></ul><ul><li>Support for interactive multimedia, voice , streaming video, Internet and other broadband services. </li></ul><ul><li>Global access, Service portability and scalable mobile services and variety of quality of services provided. </li></ul><ul><li>Better spectral efficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>seamless network of multiple protocol and air interfaces. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Applications of 4G <ul><li>Better Usage of Multimedia Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Presence: 4G system gives mobile users a &quot;virtual presence&quot; (for example, always-on connections to keep people on event).Video Conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual navigation: a remote database contains the graphical representation of streets, buildings, and physical characteristics of a large metropolis. Blocks of this database are transmitted in rapid sequence to a vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Tele- geoprocessing: Queries dependent on location information of several users, in addition to temporal aspects have many applications.e.g:GIS,GPS </li></ul><ul><li>4G in normal life . </li></ul><ul><li> Traffic control. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phones. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensor on public vehicle. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Which countries have 4-G Except for the Scandinavian countries, a few countries have started the 4G commercially In the US, Sprint Nextel initiated the service last year Countries expected to launch 4G by this year are Germany, Spain, China, Japan and England
  13. 13. 4-G in INDIA <ul><li>Has already begun the process of introducing 4G </li></ul><ul><li>India is among the latecomers in 3G </li></ul><ul><li>It is felt that by the time the implement 3G fully, 4G technologies such as LTE will be available commercially. </li></ul><ul><li>It has taken three years for the government to decide on 3G-spectrum auction policy. </li></ul><ul><li>4G could face the same delay unless India wants to catch up with the rest of the world </li></ul>
  14. 14. Disadvantages <ul><li>Battery usage is more </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to implement </li></ul><ul><li>Need complicated hardware </li></ul><ul><li>The equipment required to implement a next generation network is still very expensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Carriers and providers have to plan carefully to make sure that expenses are kept realistic. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Future Prospects <ul><li>4G is coming quicker. </li></ul><ul><li>Fast internet access to both stationery and mobile users. </li></ul><ul><li>4G can be efficiently combined with cellular technologies to make consistent use of smart phones and also create video blogs . </li></ul><ul><li>This gives the manufactures the opportunity to produce more affordable user friendly 4G compatible devices . </li></ul><ul><li>4G is capable of providing new horizon of opportunity for both existing and startup telephone companies. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Challenges <ul><li>Integrating all the promised services is a challenge. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges in migration to 4G. </li></ul><ul><li>High data-rate services and low per bit transmission cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Meet the demand of the diverse users. </li></ul><ul><li>Competition with the next forth coming 5G. </li></ul><ul><li>5G technology is providing large broadcasting of data in Gigabit which supports almost 65,000 connections. </li></ul><ul><li>5G technology would provide better use of available bandwidth. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>4G can be best described in one word “ MAGIC ”, which stands for: </li></ul><ul><li>M obile m ultimedia </li></ul><ul><li>A nytime A nywhere </li></ul><ul><li>G lobal mobility support, </li></ul><ul><li>I ntegrated wireless and personalized services. </li></ul><ul><li>Though 4G is facing challenges and problems we believe that future research will overcome these challenges and integrate newly developed services to 4G networks making them available to everyone, anytime and everywhere. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bibliography <ul><li>www.scribd.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.authorstream.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.google.com </li></ul>
  19. 19. Thank you