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Professional Learning Communities Develop
Effective Integrated Content-Language Instruction
Rita MacDonald, Applied Lingui...
Project CREATE at SMC
Curriculum Reform for the
Education of All Teachers of ELLs
Project CREATE
 OELA National Professional Development Grant
 Year 3 of 5 years
 Goal: revise curriculum for pre-servic...
SMC Curriculum Placements Schools
Program Design Program DesignCourse work Instruction
Elementary Secondary
Teaching Model...
SMC Curriculum Placements Schools
Program Design Program DesignCourse work Instruction
Elementary Secondary
Teaching Model...
Winooski School
District Consists of one elementary, one middle and one high
school. Total student population of 822. 76%...
Integrated Content-
Language Instruction
 Develop teacher knowledge of understanding by design and
differentiated instruc...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Professional Development Plan over 2 Years
Aug.
08
March
09
March –June 09
4 months
Aug. 09 September 09-present
Full scho...
Recommendations
 Need to start where Ts are and work from there.
 PD needs to be integrated into Ts’ planning, teaching ...
References
Echevarria, Vogt and Short. (2008) Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners: The SIOP Model,
Third Ed...
CREATE website
http://academics.smcvt.edu/CREATE/Default.htm
rmacdonald@smcvt.edu
jnagle2@smcvt.edu
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Mac Donald Tesol 2010, Teaching Acdemic English: Changing Teacher Roles and Implications for Teacher Education

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Mac Donald Tesol 2010, Teaching Acdemic English: Changing Teacher Roles and Implications for Teacher Education

  1. 1. Professional Learning Communities Develop Effective Integrated Content-Language Instruction Rita MacDonald, Applied Linguistics rmacdonald@smcvt.edu James Nagle, Education jnagle2@smcvt.edu
  2. 2. Project CREATE at SMC Curriculum Reform for the Education of All Teachers of ELLs
  3. 3. Project CREATE  OELA National Professional Development Grant  Year 3 of 5 years  Goal: revise curriculum for pre-service teachers so that all teachers graduating SMC are equipped for today’s culturally and linguistically diverse classrooms Work with three partner school districts
  4. 4. SMC Curriculum Placements Schools Program Design Program DesignCourse work Instruction Elementary Secondary Teaching Model Shared responsibility, collaboration, integrated content and language instruction
  5. 5. SMC Curriculum Placements Schools Program Design Program DesignCourse work Instruction Elementary Secondary Teaching Model Shared responsibility, collaboration, integrated content and language instruction
  6. 6. Winooski School District Consists of one elementary, one middle and one high school. Total student population of 822. 76% qualify for free and reduced lunch.  26% are ELL with 22 languages spoken and most of the ELLs are recently arrived refugees in the last three years.  All but three of the sixty teachers are HQT.  All grades (3-8 & 11) have been identified as needing improvement in math and language arts.
  7. 7. Integrated Content- Language Instruction  Develop teacher knowledge of understanding by design and differentiated instruction (Tomlinson & McTighe, 2006)  Integrate content and language instruction for elementary science, middle school social studies and high school core content courses (VT Grade Expectations; WIDA, 2008; Zweirs, 2008)  Create teacher learning communities that plan, teach and assess integrated content and language instruction (Little, 2006) and are customized to the school’s particular needs and responsive to the realistic constraints of schooling
  8. 8. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math
  9. 9. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district- wide ½-day district -wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math • English Proficiency Scores (WIDA ACCESS) • Can Do charts for entire class • Cultural profiles • Choose unit to plan DI
  10. 10. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math • Understanding proficiency levels • Strategies & tools for differentiated instruction • ‘Apprenticing’ students into Academic English • Writing clear Content and Language Objectives
  11. 11. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math CONTEXTUALIZED SAME TOPICS • Understanding proficiency levels • Strategies & tools for differentiated instruction • “Apprenticing’ students into Academic English • Writing clear Content and Language Objectives PRODUCTS differentiated lesson/unit plans for Fall 09
  12. 12. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math Ts also learning methodology of inquiry-based science + UBD basics
  13. 13. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math Ts also learning methodology of inquiry-based science + UBD basics Difference in Teacher Products K-5: 2-3 lesson plans with some Content Objectives, some differentiation MS: Ancient Civilizations course developed within three teacher team with ELL teacher as consultant HS: Unit plan designed in core content courses for implementation in Fall 2009
  14. 14. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district- wide ½-day district -wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math REITERATION OF FALL 08 • English Proficiency Scores (WIDA ACCESS) • Can Do charts for entire class • Cultural profiles • Revise unit based on UPDATED class profile
  15. 15. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded/TLC, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math
  16. 16. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math
  17. 17. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math Varied Process = Varied Outcomes
  18. 18. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math Varied Outcomes •Meet monthly, 30 Ts at once, 30 minutes •Effective differentiation across English proficiency levels (WIDA 2-5) •Widespread use of SIOP strategies in Science, spreading to other lessons •Beginning to use UBD learning objectives effectively •Increased focus on Academic English, explicit language instruction (strategies from SIOP and Zwiers)
  19. 19. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math Varied Outcomes •Eclipse team meets weekly, 90 minutes, to review progress of Ancient Civilizations course, modify lesson and unit plans based on analysis of student work •Team meets with ELL teacher & SMC professor monthly to analyze student performance on formative & summative assessments (WIDA levels 2-5) •Over 2009-10, teachers move from cursory knowledge of WIDA standards and MPIs to developing specific MPIs and language objectives for unit and lesson plans
  20. 20. Professional Development Plan over 2 Years Aug. 08 March 09 March –June 09 4 months Aug. 09 September 09-present Full school year W W Varied W Varied K-5 2 days district -wide ½-day district- wide Workshop- 30 m/twice/month All K-5 1-day district- wide Workshop, 30 m /month + observation MS Embedded-2h/month 1 team Embedded, 2 h/month HS Embedded- 2h/month Departments PLC, 1 h/month •student work •Text analysis ESL:CT Collaboration (shared planning or teaching) K-5 only @ event only @ event only @ workshops @ event only @ workshops MS Began co-planning for instruction Co-planning for instruction HS Planning @ workshop Co-teaching science & math Varied Outcomes •Faculty discuss unit and lesson plans for WIDA language proficiency levels of 2-5 – modifying lessons with differentiated resources and formative assessments •Faculty analyze student work, specifically writing samples, to modify writing instruction •All core content faculty (language arts, math, history, science) meet monthly with ELL faculty as department teams to review and develop unit and lesson plans using Zweirs’ strategies for language structure and vocabulary •Currently, in monthly meetings faculty conduct discourse analysis on
  21. 21. Recommendations  Need to start where Ts are and work from there.  PD needs to be integrated into Ts’ planning, teaching and assessment programs, using their tools and formats.  PD needs to be responsive to the context of the school. Work with teachers during the school day. Intensive front-loading of information can be a start, but PD needs to be embedded into teachers’ work with their curriculum and lessons.
  22. 22. References Echevarria, Vogt and Short. (2008) Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners: The SIOP Model, Third Edition. Pearson Fang, Z. & Schleppegrell, M. (2008). Reading in secondary content areas: A language-based pedagogy. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. Tomlinson, C. A. & McTighe, J. (2006). Integrating Differentiated Instruction and Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: ASCD Vermont Grade Level Expectations for content area and grade level http://education.vermont.gov WIDA Standards for Language Standards www.wida.us Winooski School District (2009). The Report on the Effectiveness of the Winooski School District.
  23. 23. CREATE website http://academics.smcvt.edu/CREATE/Default.htm rmacdonald@smcvt.edu jnagle2@smcvt.edu

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