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English - imperative and past simple


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English - imperative and past simple

  1. 1. Work Elaboreted by: Rita Galrito nº3 Filipe Carrajola nº Inês Pombo nº11 Madalena Bochechas nº18
  2. 2. Direct speech • Affirmative → verb (infinitive without “to”) • e.g.: Eat your soup!
  3. 3. • Negative → Don’t + verb (infinitive without “to”) • e.g.: Don’t eat that candy!
  4. 4. Reported Speech • Affirmative: → subject + told + object + verb (infinitive with “to”) ● e.g. He told him to eat his soup.
  5. 5. • Negative: → Subject + told + object + not + verb (infinitive with “to”) • e.g. He told him not to eat his soup.
  6. 6. Attention! told + object – he told me to eat my soup. • Said + no object – he said to eat my soup. • Said + to + object – he said to me.
  7. 7. Subject I Object Me You You He Him She Her We Us You You They Them
  8. 8. • Use the imperative to give a direct order, to give instructions, to make an invitation, signs and notices, to give friendly informal advice and “more polite” by adding “do” • e.g. Do be quiet!
  9. 9. Direct speech • Affirmative: • Subject + verb • Regular verbs + ed → watch – watched +d → care – cared + ied → study – studied + double consonant + ed → stop – stopped
  10. 10. • Irregular verbs different form → See – saw; be – was/were; have - had
  11. 11. • Negative: Subject + didn’t + verb (infinitive without “to”)
  12. 12. • Use the past simple for events in the past that are now finished, situation in the past and a series of actions in the past. • Expressions: Yesterday, last (night), (two days) ago, the other day, just now, the day before yesterday
  13. 13. Reported speech Direct speech  Peter: “I lived in New York for 10 years.” Reported speech  Peter said he had lived in New York for 10 years. Past Perfect
  14. 14. Exercises - Imperative • Now you have to read a sentence and write with the same meaning. example: “Listen carefully”, he said to us. He told us to listen carefully.
  15. 15. 1. “Eat more fruit and vegetables”, the doctor said. The doctor said to eat more fruit and vegetables. 2. “Read the instructions before you switch on the machine”, he said to me. He told me to read the instructions before he switched on the machine.
  16. 16. 3. “Shut the door but don’t lock it”, she said to us. She told us to shut the door but not to lock it. 4. “Don’t come before 6 o’clock”, I said to him. I told him not to come before 6 o’clock.
  17. 17. Exercises – Past Simple • Pass the direct speech for the reported speech Example: “I drank water.” He said he had drunk water.
  18. 18. 1.“She came on time.” 1.“ They said she had come on time. 2.“I saw you in the mall.” 2.“ She said that she had seen him in the mall.
  19. 19. 3.Steve: “I visited my grandmother two days 3. ago.” Steve said that she had seen him in the mall. 4.She said: “I moved here in September.” 4. She said that she had moved there in September.