Patriotism Patriotism - love of country, a sense of specialcloseness to the people, which is theimmediate sphere of life of the individual.Every decent and reasonable person wants tosee the country prosperous, secure, fast andsecure.
At the heart of patriotism is love for theFatherland, the historical right of the people topreserve their national and state identity.
Types of patriotism polis patriotism imperial patriotism ethnic patriotism state patriotism jingoistic patriotism
In the Roman Empire patriotism existed in theform of local polis patriotism and imperialpatriotism. Polis patriotism supported byvarious local religious cults.
Cosmopolitanism Cosmopolitanism originated in ancient Greece,the idea of world citizenship has expressedSocrates, but for the first time declared himself"cosmopolitan" Diogenes.
While cosmopolitanism developed in theteachings of the Cynics, a strong impetus forthis was the Peloponnesian War led to anegative view of patriotism.
In the Middle Ages cosmopolitanism wasreligious in nature and viewed the CatholicChurch in an effort to create a papal theocracy,but did not develop a theoretical level. Sincethe XVI century cosmopolitanism ispredominantly secular.
In 1544, Guillaume Bed reinventing the term"cosmopolitanism", putting in it is not heavenand earth sense, imagining a world state as asupranational and non-religious brotherhood.