workers participation in management


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workers participation in management

  1. 1. Workers’participation in management 1
  2. 2. Meaning of WPM• It is the joint consultant prior to decision making.• It is the process by which authority and responsibility of managing industry and shared with each other.• It is the activity in which workers involves into the decision making process of the company. 2
  3. 3. Definition of WPM• “ WPM is the mental and physical involvement of a person in a group situation which encourage him to contribute to group goal and share in the responsibility of achieving them” 3
  4. 4. Features of WPM• Fully presence of workers.• WPM is n’t as an individual.• It may be formal and informal.• It should be free from collective bargaining. 4
  5. 5. Degrees of participation• Communication• Consultation• Code-termination• Self management 5
  6. 6. Objectives of WPM• Economic objective• Social objectives• Psychological objectives 6
  7. 7. Importance of WPM• Mutual understanding• Higher productivity• Industrial harmony• Industrial democracy• Less resistance to change• Creativity and innovation 7
  8. 8. Joint Consultants• Joint consultant is the process whereby employer consults the workers either directly or through their class representatives and seeks their opinion on various issues while retain to himself the right of taking final decision. 8
  9. 9. Advantages of joint consultants• It promotes mutual trust and community of interest.• It is a step towards industrial democracy.• It helps to improve the job satisfaction and morale of workers.• It provide creative ideas and develop initiatives among workers.• It helps to employees resistance to new machine and methods. 9
  10. 10. Problems in joint consultants• In the absence of single recognized union, it becomes to select the true representatives of workers.• The representatives of the workers are narrow minded and politically oriented• Representative of worker are not well educated. So they fail to make effective contribution. 10
  11. 11. Guide lines and principles to make the guide lines effective• The objective of joint consultive committee should be well defined.• Employer should be sincere in consulting the representatives of workers.• Workers should have information and education about the functioning of the industry.• An atmosphere of mutual trust and cooperation between employers and employees should be created. 11
  12. 12. WPM in India………………..Wpm was introduce after independence inIndia. Under the provision of id act for thesetting up of works committees. After adecade another firm come came intoexistence joint management council(JMC). 12
  13. 13. Joint management council (JMC)• It was set up in 1958. it consist of equal representatives of management and workers. N’t exceeding twelve at plant level 13
  14. 14. Expectation to perform the JMC• The council is to be consulted by the management before introducing changes in the working activity of the organization• The council is to receive information, discuss and give suggestion for all the activity of the company. 14
  15. 15. Cont………….• The council is to take up accident prevention, management of meal, canteen, water, safety, revision of the rules to the workers, avoidance of wastage of time and materials, absenteeism, indiscipline, training e.t.c. 15
  16. 16. Reasons for the failure of the WPM in India• Employers feel that workers are not competent enough to take decisions• Lower level needs of workers are not fully satisfied• Workers’ representatives who participate in management have to perform the dual role of workers’ spokes man and co-managers. So very few representatives are competent to perform both role. 16
  17. 17. y ou nk h aT 17