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Biodiversity law and policy


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Biodiversity law and policy

  1. 1. BIODIVERSITY EFT 1023 Current Issues, Law & Policy and Organization 1
  2. 2. Significant of Biological Diversity
  3. 3. Economic importance Food security National biological heritage Scientific skill, education & recreational Environmental stability Biosafety
  4. 4. Malaysia National Policy on Biological Diversity 1998, Kuala Lumpur
  5. 5. Malaysia National Policy on Biological Biodiversity (MN Vision To transform Malaysia into a world centre of excellence in conservation, research and utilization of tropical biological diversity by the year 2020
  6. 6. Policy Statement To conserve Malaysia’s biological diversity and to ensure its components are utilized in a sustainable manner for the continued progress and socio-economic development of the nation
  7. 7. NPBD: Objectives 1. To optimized economic benefit from sustainable utilization of biodiversity components 2. To ensure long-term food security 3. To maintain and improve environmental stability 4. To ensure preservation of nation’s unique biodiversity heritage 5. To enhance scientific knowledge and public awareness 6. To emphasize biosafety consideration in the development & application of biotechnology
  8. 8. NPBD: 15 Strategies 1. Enhance sustainable utilization of biological diversity components 2. Scientific knowledge base 3. Develop center of excellence for tropical biological diversity 4. Strengthen institutional framework for biological diversity 5. Expand and integrate conservation programmes
  9. 9. NPBD: 15 Strategies 6. Ensure major sectoral planning & development activities and programmes consider about biological diversity 7. Enhance skill and capabilities 8. Encourage participation from private sector 9. Review legislation on biological needs 10. Minimize impacts of human activities
  10. 10. NPBD: 15 Strategies 11. Develop policy and regulations on biosafety 12. Increase public awareness 13. Promote international cooperation & collaboration 14. Exchange of imformation 15. Establish funding
  11. 11. Laws in Malaysia 1. Fisheries Act 1985 2. Protection of Wildlife Act 1972 3. Environmental Quality Act 1974 4. Pesticides Act 1974 5. Plant Quarantine Act 1976 6. Land Conservation Act 1960 7. Aboriginal Act 1954 8. National Parks Act 1980
  12. 12. International Linkages 1. FAO 2. CBD 3. Langkawi Declaration 4. CITES 5. IUCN 6. RAMSAR 7. IPGRI
  13. 13. FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
  14. 14. Role of FAO 1. Upgrade the efficiency of the production & distribution of food and agriculture products 2. Improve rural population conditions (freedom from hunger) 3. Specifically, FAO is responsible with: • Collecting • evaluating • disseminating information Concerning to nutrition, food, and agriculture and associated sectors including fisheries, marine products & forestry products
  15. 15. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 193 parties
  16. 16. Objectives of CBD To ensure, encourage, promote and support: 1. Conservation of biological diversity 2. Sustainable utilization of biological diversity 3. Promoting fair & equitable sharing of the benefits from utilization of genetic resources
  17. 17. Malaysia • Ratified 24 June, 1994 • Malaysia must integrated into national policy of the commitment under the agreement • States over their biological resources and their responsibility for conserving their biological diversity and utilizing the biological resources in a sustainable manner
  18. 18. Langkawi Declaration • 21st October 1989 • Was issued in conjunction with Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting CHOGM • This declaration embrace environmental issues including management of environmental and natural resources
  19. 19. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wildlife Fauna & Flora
  20. 20. CITES • (1963) • Member since 1978 (Malaysia) • 177 Party (to date) • CITES aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
  21. 21. IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature
  22. 22. IUCN • Was founded in 1948 • World Conservation Union, the largest & oldest of environmental organization • The main mission for this union is to CONSERVE biodiversity
  23. 23. Role of IUCN To promote and enhance conservation and stability at local and global by strengthen the following disciplines: a. Science research- experts b. Action – Conservation projects c. Influence – Legislation and policy
  24. 24. RAMSAR Convention on Wetlands
  25. 25. RAMSAR • Convention of Wetland of International (1971) • Ramsar, Iran • 10th November 1994 (Malaysia joined) • Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance
  26. 26. Ramsar: The mission The conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local, regional and national actions International cooperation to achieve sustainable development around the world
  27. 27. IPGRI International Plant Genetic Resource Institution IPGRI independent international scientific organization operating under support of Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research (CGIAR)
  28. 28. IPGRI’s function To lead the conservation and use of plant genetic resources for the benefit of present and future generations IPGRI actively involved in partnership with Organizations (research, training, technical advise and financial support)
  29. 29. “Malaysia is an active participant of the International Board for Plant Genetic Resources Regional Committee for South-East Asia (IBPGR/RECSEA). Through the IBPGR/RECSEA, Malaysia has participated in a highly successful cooperative programme in plant genetic resources with Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Thailand. National research institutions like the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia (RRIM) and the Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia (PORIM) have participated in this programme. The IBPGR is now known as the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI).” Plant & Genetic resouces BOOK
  30. 30.