Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
The Role of Panopticon 
in Panopticism 
Paper 1: Theorizing Literature 
Unit 2: Power 
Michel Foucault. “Panopticism”. 
Di...
Paul Michel Foucault 
(15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984) 
A French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, philolo...
Foucault's Discipline and Punish 
 Foucault published Discipline and Punish: The Birth of a Prison in 
1975, offering a h...
Foucault's Discipline and Punish 
“… the existence of a whole set of 
techniques and institutions for 
measuring, supervis...
Bentham’s (1748-1842) Panopticon 
 The Panopticon is a type of institutional building 
designed by the English philosophe...
The Panopticon “Visibility is a trap” 
“At the periphery, an annular building; at 
the centre, a tower; this tower is pie...
Panopticon “mechanism of power 
reduced to its ideal form” 
 It automatizes & disindividualizes power. 
 It does not mat...
Panopticon “democratically controlled” 
 May be subjected to irregular and 
constant inspections. 
 Democratically contr...
The Role of the Panopticon 
 To strengthen the social forces. 
 A new ‘political anatomy’ whose object and 
end are not ...
Formation of a Disciplinary Society 
 Triple objectives of the disciplines – to increase 
the docility and the utility of...
21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
Panopticon Today 
21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
Panopticon Today 
21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
Panopticon Today 
21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
21-Nov-14
Thank you 
21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Michel Foucault Panopticon

14,979 views

Published on

One of the revolutionary ideas put forward by Foucault is the various measures of surveillance, to ensure discipline in a society. Such a consented voyeurism always has a panopticon structure. Foucault talks about the age old prison, and how such surveillance structures are employed in other institutions from mental asylums to public schools to ensure discipline. The 184 idea of a big brother watching has gained prominence today with the internet, satellites giving rise to a virtual panopticon today.

Published in: Education
  • Dating direct: ❤❤❤ http://bit.ly/36cXjBY ❤❤❤
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Dating for everyone is here: ❤❤❤ http://bit.ly/36cXjBY ❤❤❤
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (Unlimited) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Michel Foucault Panopticon

  1. 1. The Role of Panopticon in Panopticism Paper 1: Theorizing Literature Unit 2: Power Michel Foucault. “Panopticism”. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 21-Nov-14 Institute of English
  2. 2. Paul Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984) A French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, philologist and literary critic. Through his impressive career Foucault became known for his many demonstrative arguments that power depends not on material relations or authority but instead primarily on discursive networks. This new perspective as applied to old questions such as madness, social discipline, body-image, truth, normative sexuality etc. were instrumental in designing the post-modern intellectual landscape we are still in nowadays. Today he is accepted as having been the most influential social theorist of the second half of the twentieth century. 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  3. 3. Foucault's Discipline and Punish  Foucault published Discipline and Punish: The Birth of a Prison in 1975, offering a history of the penal system in Western Europe. In it he seeks to analyze punishment in its social context, and to examine how changing power relations affected punishment. He begins by analyzing the situation before the eighteenth century, when public execution and corporal punishment were key systems, and torture was part of most criminal investigations. He further discusses the evolution of the disciplinary power and states that it has three elements: hierarchical observation, normalizing judgment and examination.  In it’s central chapter, Panopticism, he builds on Bentham's conceptualization of the panopticon as he elaborates upon the function of disciplinary mechanisms in such a prison and illustrates the function of discipline as an apparatus of power. He further analyzes the network of power that is spread throughout society, which is controlled by the rules of strategy alone and that any call for its abolition fail to recognize the depth at which it is embedded in modern society. Thus he develops Panopticon as a metaphor for modern "disciplinary" societies and their pervasive inclination to observe and normalise. 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  4. 4. Foucault's Discipline and Punish “… the existence of a whole set of techniques and institutions for measuring, supervising and correcting the abnormal brings into play the disciplinary mechanisms to which the fear of the plague gave rise. All the mechanisms of power which, even today, are disposed around the abnormal individual, to brand him and to alter him, are composed of those two forms from which they distantly derive. Bentham’s Panopticon is the architectural figure of this composition.” 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  5. 5. Bentham’s (1748-1842) Panopticon  The Panopticon is a type of institutional building designed by the English philosopher and social theorist Jeremy Bentham in the late 18th century.  The concept of the design is to allow a single watchman to observe (-opticon) all (pan-) inmates of an institution without the inmates being able to tell whether or not they are being watched.  The design consists of a circular structure with an “inspection house” at its centre, from which the manager or staff of the institution are able to watch the inmates, who are stationed around the perimeter. Bentham conceived the basic plan as being equally applicable to hospitals, schools, sanatoriums, daycares, and asylums, but he devoted most of his efforts to developing a design for a Panopticon prison, and it is his prison which is most widely understood by the term. 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  6. 6. The Panopticon “Visibility is a trap” “At the periphery, an annular building; at the centre, a tower; this tower is pierced with wide windows that open onto the inner side of the ring; the peripheric building is divided into cells, each of which extends the whole width of the building; they have windows, one on the inside, corresponding to the windows of the tower, the other on the outside, allows the light to cross the cell from one end to the other.” Reverses the principle of a dungeon. Axial visibility & Lateral invisibility – a guarantee of order Permanent visibility that assures the automatic functioning of power. Power is visible & unverifiable.
  7. 7. Panopticon “mechanism of power reduced to its ideal form”  It automatizes & disindividualizes power.  It does not matter who exercises the power.  Produces homogeneous effects of power.  Economic geometry of a ‘house of certainty’.  Does the work of a ‘naturalist’.  Laboratory of power.  A cruel ingenious cage.  Polyvalent in its applications  It gives power of mind over mind. 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  8. 8. Panopticon “democratically controlled”  May be subjected to irregular and constant inspections.  Democratically controlled  Accessible to ‘the great tribunal committee of the world’.  May be supervised by society as a whole. 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  9. 9. The Role of the Panopticon  To strengthen the social forces.  A new ‘political anatomy’ whose object and end are not the relations of sovereignty but the relations of discipline.  To spread effective education.  Exerts a moral influence over behavior.  As centres of observation disseminated throughout society.  State-control over the mechanisms of discipline.  Instrument of permanent, exhaustive, omnipresent surveillance…hierarchized network.  the formation of a disciplinary society in the movement from enclosed disciplines to an infinitely extendible "panopticism“  We are in a panoptic machine – the individual is carefully fabricated in it.
  10. 10. Formation of a Disciplinary Society  Triple objectives of the disciplines – to increase the docility and the utility of all the elements of the system.  Using the multiplicity itself as an instrument of discipline.  The panoptic modality of power..continued to work on the juridical structures of the society..the ‘enlightenment’ which discovered the liberties, also invented the disciplines.  Discipline is a ‘counter-law’.  The infinitely minute web of panoptic techniques.  The schema of power-knowledge in each discipline.  The ideal point of penalty today would be an indefinite discipline. 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  11. 11. 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  12. 12. Panopticon Today 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  13. 13. Panopticon Today 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  14. 14. Panopticon Today 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English
  15. 15. 21-Nov-14
  16. 16. Thank you 21-Nov-14 Rinu Krishna K MPhil 2014-15 Institute of English

×