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Degrees of comparison

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Degrees of comparison

  1. 1. DEGREES OF COMPARISON
  2. 2. Definition Degrees of comparison refers to the positive comparative and superlative forms of adjective and adverbs
  3. 3. (1) Positive Degree  Offers the comparison  Tells us about existence of quality  Offers equal comparison Eg : slow , beautiful - Adjective happily - Adverb
  4. 4. Rules for positive degree  Use the adjective or adverb directly  For comparison of equals in positive degree (1) Use “as + adj + as” for positive comparison of equals Eg : Ramya is as wise as Sowmya (2) Use “not so + adj + as” for negative comparison of equals Eg : Bangalore is not so cool as Ooty
  5. 5. (2) Comparative Degree Compares two things to show which has lesser / greater degree of the quality Eg : slower , more beautiful - adjective more happily - adverb
  6. 6. Rules for comparative degrees  Add “er” to adjectives some exceptional cases , we use “more” before adjectives  For adverbs, we use “more” before them  Some comparatives end with “or” follows by “to” Eg: Ravi is junior to me  Most of the comparatives will be followed by”than” Eg: Manoj is more confident than Suba
  7. 7. (3) Superlative Degrees Compares more than two things to show which has the least / greatest degree of the quality Eg : slowest , most beautiful - adjective most happily - adverb
  8. 8. Rules for superlative degrees  Add “est” to the adjectives. But in some cases, use “most + adj”  Must use “the” before Superlatives. Eg : Lee is the hungriest of all
  9. 9. Common errors and it’s rectifications (1) Don’t use double comparatives / double superlatives Eg : She can run most fastest - × You get more sillier - × (2) Use comparative degrees not superlative while comparing two things Eg : Of the two, she is the most suitable candidate - × While using superlative degrees, number of things compared is not known (3) There are some adjectives without superlative / comparative forms Eg : single - more / most single - × unique - more / most unique - × (4) In some adjectives, don’t add “er” or “more” in comparative forms and don’t use “er” or “most” in superlatives, instead use like this Eg: littles  less  least old  elder / older  eldest / oldest good  better  best
  10. 10. (5) Confusions : ( taller than me/ taller than I) Both are correct ✓ Eg : John is taller than me John is taller than I am (6) Some adjectives take both “er” and “more” forms in comparative and both “est” and “most” forms in superlative degrees Eg: gentle – gentler / more gentle and gentlest / most gentle (7) In superlative degrees, in case of adjectives “the” should be used before superlative but in case of noun in possessive case “the” should not be used Eg : That should be Ram’s worst behaviour in his childhood (8) We use “the” in comparative degrees to show one thing depends on other Eg : The deeper you breath , the calmer you become Common errors and it’s rectifications
  11. 11. Conversion of one degree to other without changing the meaning

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