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Kumbhalgarh Fort

The Impregnable fort Of Kumbhalgarh
A complete tour of its Architectural beauty
Important palaces and temples inside
Includes Pictures for illustration

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Kumbhalgarh Fort

  1. 1. DESIGNED BY Mandan & Maharana Kumbha PURPOSE Protection from Malwa and Gujrat Refuge place for Mewar rulers LOCATION: Kelwada, Rajsamand BUILT IN Started in 1438AD Completed in 1458AD ALTITUDE 1100mt. Above sea level 3568ft Above ground level
  2. 2. The Impregnable Kumbhalgarh Fort •The Kumbhalgarh fort of Mewar is second most important fort after the Chittorgarh fort in Rajasthan. •The fort was built by Maharana Kumbha of Mewar and designed by great architect Mandan. •The fort stands on the ruins of Samprati’s(Grandson Of Ashoka) fort. •It is the only fort in Rajasthan that comes under all the mentioned categories of forts- the forest fort, the hill fort, the jala fort and the artificial man-made fort. •All the facilities including the food grains and crops were grown and developed within the complex so as to give rest and security to army.
  3. 3. Implausible Architecture Of the Fort •The fort has 7 fortified barrier gates named as Aret pol,Halla pol,hanuman pol,ram pol,vijay pol,bhairon pol, nimboo pol. •The complete area is protected by a wall (over 38kms long) It is considered to be the 2nd longest continuous wall after the great wall of China. The thickness of wall varies from 15-20ft. •Huge bastions were made through which 8 cavalry men with horses could pass at the same time. •Several underground passages were made for escaping if situation arose. The longest being of 7kms. •Due to strong fortification and well organised army , the fort was not vulnerable to artillery.
  4. 4. MONUMENTAL HERITAGE •The fort complex has around 360 temples out of which 300 are jain temples and rest are of Hindu deities. •The famous Shiva temple in the middle of the complex, supported on 24 pillars, has a 5ft high Lingum that was installed to suit the height of Kumbha who was exceptionally tall. •The Golera group of temples consists of 9 shrines that are adorned with sculptures of Gods and Goddesses. •The 52 canopy jain temple near the Vijay pol. •The walls had carvings of men and women with infants , Yakshas, gandharvas, Apsaras and deities like Agni,varun,Yama and Indra Deva and Hindu goddesses. •10 dams and 20 water reservoir bodies (talabs) were built inside fort complex .
  5. 5. Kumbha Palace The palace of Rana Kumbha is located close to the Pagda Pol. The palace is a two storeyed edifice. It consists of two rooms, a corridor in the middle and open spaces. The rooms are provided with jharokas and windows in stones. Birth Place of Maharana Pratap The mansion known as Jhalia ka Mahal or the Palace of Queen Jhali is situated near Pagda Pol. This is believed to be the place where Maharana Pratap was born. It is constructed of rubble stone with plain walls and flat roof. The traces of painting can still be seen on the wall. THE BADAL MAHAL Situated at the highest point of the fort. Constructed by the great builder of that time Rana Fateh Singh(1885-1930) The palace has 2 storeys and is divided into 2 interconnected distinct portions-the Zanana Mahal and the Mardana mahal.
  6. 6. THE KATARGARH FORT Built inside the kumbhalgarh fort is this small and simple fort for kumbha’s residence. It was built at an inaccessible height and was used for emergency cases.Although some texts refer to it as residence place for Rana Fateh Singh. RELIGIOUS STRUCTURES Out of 360 temples inside the complex some of the prominent ones were- Ganesha temple (on the left side of Ram pol) Charbhuja temple(to the right of ganesha temple on a hill slope) Vedi temple(on the right side of ram pol) Neelkanth Mahadeva temple Jain temples Pitalia Dev jain temple And various miniature shrines near water reservoirs.
  7. 7. Presented By- Rima Doot Under the guidance of Dr. Sharad Rathore