Battle of the Bulge


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Battle of the Bulge

  1. 1. Battle of the Bulge By: Daniele Riley And Kelsey Dysard
  2. 2. Basic Information <ul><li>Largest land battle </li></ul><ul><li>Largest battle fought by Americans in WWII </li></ul><ul><li>Started on December 16, 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Ended at the end of January 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Last major Nazi offensive against Allies </li></ul><ul><li>Germans last chance to win war </li></ul>
  3. 3. War Conditions <ul><li>Heavy snow </li></ul><ul><li>Troops pushed into thick woods </li></ul><ul><li>The weather was on Hitler’s side </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low clouds and fog, so Allies couldn’t use air force </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Battle fought on 80 mile front </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Went from southern Belgium through Ardennes Forest and into Luxemburg </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Why Bulge? <ul><li>The real name of the battle is “Ardennes Offensive” </li></ul><ul><li>More commonly called “The Battle of the Bulge” </li></ul><ul><li>It was called this because the first attack by the Germans, created a bulge in the Allies front line </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hitler’s Plan <ul><li>Thought he could launch a massive attack using three armies </li></ul><ul><li>Also thought he could capture the port of Antwerp where the Allies got their supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Plan seemed absurd but they thought they could pull it off and win the war </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hitler’s Plan continued… <ul><li>Allies were surprised because… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English speaking German soldiers dressed in American uniforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Crossed lines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Told the Allies different plans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cut telephone lines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changed road signs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. German Attacks <ul><li>Allies crossed the German border </li></ul><ul><li>While Allies were regrouping, the Germans attacked </li></ul><ul><li>200,000 Germans attacked about 80,000 U.S. troops </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler thought if he defeated the Allies he could break up the Allied Powers and win the war </li></ul>
  8. 8. Battling <ul><li>U.S. 101 st Airborne Division defended Bastogene (Belgium) </li></ul><ul><li>But they were surrounded by Germans </li></ul><ul><li>Germans wanted them to surrender </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General Anthony McAuliff simply said “Nuts” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Allies then brought in reinforcements and pushed Germany back </li></ul>
  9. 9. Battling continued… <ul><li>One Japanese American Battalim, Francis Tsuzuki, said… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Germans were retreating so fast. At times we were moving… more than 100 miles per day” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By January 1945 it was clear Germany had failed their mission </li></ul>
  10. 10. German Luck <ul><li>The German luck only lasted 2 days </li></ul><ul><li>They started to run out of fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Then by December 22, the weather started to clear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Allies could then use air power again </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Then came the counterattack </li></ul>
  11. 11. Counterattack <ul><li>The Allies then started there counterattack </li></ul><ul><li>But then on Christmas Eve Germans attack with 16 German Me-262’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jet bombers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They attacked the rail yard to try and stop Allies supplies </li></ul><ul><li>They then remained at a stalemate even though there was very intense fighting </li></ul>
  12. 12. The End <ul><li>By mid-January 1945 the lack of German fuel was evident </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They started to abandon their vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Allies took advantage and then won the war </li></ul>
  13. 13. Results <ul><li>600,000 American troops were involved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They had 81,000 casualties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Germans had 80,000-100,000 casualties </li></ul><ul><li>German strength had been impaired </li></ul>
  14. 14. Citations <ul><li>American Nation in the Modern Era . New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Battle of the Bulge: The German Counteroffensive.&quot; WWII History Information . 23 Apr. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Battle of the Bulge.&quot; Travel and History . 23 Apr. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Trueman, Chris. &quot;Battle of the Bulge.&quot; History Learning Site . 2009. 23 Apr. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  15. 15. !!The End!!