DIESEL TO RENEWABLE -GREEN PEACE’S REPORT ON TELECOMSECTOR
GREENPEACE- THE ORGANIZATION• It is a non- governmental environmental organization with offices in more than 40 countries.• Its HQ is located at Amsterdam, The Netherlands.• The organization has been founded in the year 1971.• It states its goal is to “ensure the ability of the Earth to nurture life in all its diversity”.• It is founded by Bob Hunter, David McTaggart and Dorothy Stowe.• The principles of the Greanpeace is non-violence, independence, promoting solutions and it has no permanent friends or foes.
GROWING TELECOM MARKET- INCREASING CO2 EMISSION•India’s telecom market is the world’s second largest on the basis of number of subscribers.• And the sector enjoys a consistent growth rate.• The revolution in this sector has improved the lives of millionsthrough better connectivity.• The successful auction of the 3G and Broadband Wireless Accessspectrums helped in further growth.• The telecom market is attracting huge amounts of FDI• The major players are BSNL, Bharti Airtel, Vodafone, Idea,Reliance Commu., Tata Tele services, Aircel, etc
ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CHALLENGES• Energy is a dominant cost component for telecom companies.• The energy consumption is mainly for operating the Base Transceiver Station(BTS) or simply mobile towers.• The sector now requires 14 billion units of electricity annually.• This is projected to grow to over 26 billion units in 2012• The gap between the demand of the customers connected to the grid and the available electricity is 10% of the total requirement.• Majority of the mobile towers are in the rural sector, where continuous supply of grid connected electricity is not available.• Moving further 25 % of these towers are located in areas with no grid connectivity
• Electricity availability in a day ranges from about 7 to 21 hrs across the major telecom circles in India.• In order to curb this menace the telecom companies keep a backup power source.• The back up power source will be a 15-25kva 40kva diesel generator.• Energy expenses constitute one third of total OPEX costs for telecom towers.• Each tower consumes an average of 4000 liters of diesel every year.• A telecom operator should have to spend Rs 3 billion every month for running this generators.• By using the diesel generator the telecom sector is responsible for over 6 million tones of CO2 emissions annually.
INITIATIVES TAKEN• Some initiatives have been taken by govt. organizations to encourage the use of renewable energy resources.• As part of the NAPCC the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission(JNNSM) provides support for installing photovoltaic cells.• In order to decrease the risk of developers the NVVN would share the costs of the project.• The government also provide help to developers harnessing power through other sources like wind energy.
WHAT ARE THE COMPANIES DOING ?• Bharti Airtel has no clear cut policies regarding the emission of GHG.• But it is saying that Bharti Infratel has committed to solarizing 2000 mobile towers.• Reliance has no plans for cutting their emission.• The Vodafone group has set a reduction target for Carbon emissions of 50 % by 2020.• BSNL calls for increasing the number of towers working under solar energy. But they don’t have other plans.• Idea Cellular wants to develop solar-DG hybrid solutions and Hydrogen fuel cell solutions but nothing comes into practice yet.
SHIFT TO RENEWABLES- AN ECONOMICANALYSIS• The growth of the telecom sector continues not only at the cost of climate but also causing loss to the state exchequer. Because the govt is providing huge subsidies to diesel.• Costs can be saved by powering network operations through renewable sources.• If the govt. remove the subsidies the cost would jump to 30- 40 % higher which may in turn resulting the use of renewable sources.• Sharing of infrastructure by different companies is another option to cut costs.