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What works to foster the adoption of openness and transparency practices in Sub-Saharan Africa? - Soziac Elise Wang Sonne - OpenCon 2016

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Research Evaluation Panel, OpenCon 2016

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What works to foster the adoption of openness and transparency practices in Sub-Saharan Africa? - Soziac Elise Wang Sonne - OpenCon 2016

  1. 1. AFRICA WHAT WORKS TO FOSTER THE ADOPTION OF OPENNESS AND TRANSPARENCY PRACTICES IN SUB- SAHARAN AFRICA: LESSONS FROM CAMEROON AND SOUTH AFRICA
  2. 2. 2 Reward exceptional achievements in the advancement of transparent social science (SSMART), LMR Build Standards of openness, integrity, and transparency ADVOCATE,EDUCATE, CATALYZE Explore solutions, and monitor progress towards transparency Identify, fund, developtools and resources TRANSPARENCY…. OPENNESS…….BITSS! Understand the problem Support reseachers in making their research more transparent and open
  3. 3. 3 CAMEROON (02 DAYS BITSS TRAINING) (1)
  4. 4. 4 SOUTH AFRICA (YAS CONFERENCE) (01 DAY) (1)
  5. 5. 5 SOUTH AFRICA (YAS CONFERENCE) (01 DAY) (2) SUB SAHARAN AFRICA § SOUTHERN , EAST AND WEST AFRICAN HIGHER ACADEMIC INSITUTIONS § DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS AND DEMOGRAPHY UNDERGRADUATE AND GRADUATE STUDENTS ORIGIN § Southern Africa (Lesotho, South Africa, Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe) § Eastern Africa (Uganda, Ethiopia) § Northern Africa (Egypt) § Central Africa (Cameroon) § Western Africa (Benin, Burkina Faso, Nigeria) 39 PARTICIPANTS from 12 African countries out of the 54!!
  6. 6. --Different Type of common academic misconducts in research and how to overcome eachof them? --How to builda transparent Workflowfrom the data analysis to the publication? --How to share their data and do files throughGithub or OSF THEY REALIZED THERE ARE EXISTING NORMS AND RULES ON RESEARCH THEY REALIZED THEY WERE NOT SO TRANSPARENT :) FOR EACH BARRIERS, SOLUTIONS WERE GIVEN PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE A Fewof them have previously heard about transparency or openness Practices in research (Higher in East Africa) KNOWLEDGE ACQUIRED POTENTIAL BARRIERS OF ADOPTION -- AT THE INDIVIDUAL LEVEL --AT THE INSTITUTIONAL LEVEL LESSONS LESSONS LEARNED (1)
  7. 7. Institutional level • Lack of suitable resources (repositories, Internet access on campus) • Lack of a body aware of the benefit of open data and transparency to create incentives for researchers • Individual level • Fear of someone else stealing his idea and publishing before him • Unwillingness to share their code to other “lazy” researchers • Willing to publish in Top journals in their field to make a name as they are already Backward because of being in a developing countries with lack of resources. Thereby there is a necessity to publish in Top journals which are not so often open • Lack of suitable sharing platforms Individual Level • Lack of institutional reward and incentives directed to researchers publishing in open access journal or sharing their data BARRIERS
  8. 8. 21 4 35 8 SOLUTIONS
  9. 9. MAIN TAKE AWAY Overall, there is a Lack of knowledgeon open and transparent research practices in SSA A top down approach is a way to foster and widespread the adoption with specific programs targeting senior researchers at the university level Tailor specific incentives for developing countries researchers Who are already striving to be open and transparent in their work Doingan experiment (RCT) with a control and comparisongroup couldbe useful to better understand the best practices to incentivize them to be open . (Lookingforward to perform this research with the support of the catalystgrant from BITSS) TAKE AWAY AND WAY FORWARD
  10. 10. THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION

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