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Open Access, Open Science
and Open Innovation
– A solution to the drugs problem?
Joe McArthur (@R2RC)
Assistant Director, ...
Launched in Summer 2009.
Built around the Student Statement
on the Right to Research: access to
research is a student righ...
www.sparc.arl.org
My slides, videos and more:
www.righttoresearch.org/learn/uaem-eu-conference
What’s the drug
problem?
www.sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
The IP pie
Open Access
www.sparc.arl.org
Open Access
www.sparc.arl.org
Free, immediate online access to scientific & scholarly articles with full reuse
rights
Open Science
www.sparc.arl.org
Open Science
www.sparc.arl.org
Open science is the concept of opening up all aspects of scientific research, to
allow othe...
Open Innovation
www.sparc.arl.org
Open Innovation
www.sparc.arl.org
Open innovation is a paradigm that assumes that firms can and should use
external ideas ...
Access to the building
blocks of knowledge
www.sparc.arl.org
???
$15,508
Prices generated with Elsevier’s pricing tool, for an institutional subscription with more than 5 users for an
aca...
$39,082
Robert Darnton, “The Library: Three Jeremiads,” New York Review of Books, December 23, 2010
http://www.nybooks.com...
Average journal price in Chemistry:
Biology
= $2,520
Geography
= $1,308
Physics
= $3,870
= $4,215
www.sparc.arl.org
Source...
Source: Library Journal 2014 Periodicals Pricing Survey
“Steps Down the Evolutionary Road | Periodicals Price Survey 2014,...
-25%
25%
75%
125%
175%
225%
275%
325%
375%
425%
1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010
%ChangeSince1986
Source: ARL ...
Publishing obscure academic journals is
that rare thing in the media industry:
“a licence to print money.”
Source: The Eco...
www.righttoresearch.org
Publishing is big business…
www.sparc.arl.org
www.righttoresearch.org
Publishing is big business…
39%
Source: “Elsevier STM publishing profits rise to 39%”
http://poeti...
Is there a reason
publishing should be
this expensive?
www.sparc.arl.org
http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive.php?comicid=1200
www.sparc.arl.org
80%
of research is
publicly
funded
Source: “Academic Publishing: Survey of funders supports the benign Open Access outcome...
Does our publishing system
what we entrust to distribute the
knowledge we work so hard to create
share our values?
www.spa...
www.righttoresearch.org
Closed
academic publishing
breaks the Internet
www.sparc.arl.org
We can do better.
Slide credit: Nicole Allen
Free, immediate online access
to scientific & scholarly articles
with full reuse rights
Budapest Open Access Initiative
ww...
www.sparc.arl.org
www.righttoresearch.org
Two paths to Open Access
Self-
archiving
Open Access
Journals
www.sparc.arl.org
1. Publish in an open-access journal
X >10,000
Source: Directory of Open Access Journals: www.doaj.org
www.sparc.arl.org
X 2,000
2. Publish (most) anywhere,
deposit into an open-access repository
www.sparc.arl.org
Source: www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/statistics.php?la=en&fIDnum=|&mode=simple
www.sparc.arl.org
Source:
www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo
Benefits of Open Access
www.sparc.arl.org
http://whatshouldwecallgradschool.tumblr.com/post/75410649038/when-my-paper-gets-cited
2014 European Commission Report:
+40.3% citation advantage for freely
accessible papers
-27.0% citation disadvantage for n...
www.sparc.arl.org
Valeria Aman , The potential of preprints to accelerate
scholarly communication –
A bibliometric analysi...
Mphatso Nguluwe
Deputy Principal
College of Nursing, Ekwendeni
Source: http://www.soros.org/initiatives/information/focus/...
www.sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
www.righttoresearch.org
What are early career researchers
doing to advance Open Access?
www.sparc.arl.org
Make your
work openly
available on
The Internet
Mike Taylor: The SV-POW! open-access decision tree
svpow.com/2013/05/11/th...
www.sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xyq5N6HAlKo
Raise awareness about Open Access
on campus and beyond
www.sparc.arl.org
www.righttoresearch.org
www.sparc.arl.org
i) confirms the importance of students having access to research
journals and articles as part of their training;
ii) note...
www.sparc.arl.org
Setting the Default to Open:
Institutional & Funder Policies
www.sparc.arl.org
Institutional Open Access Policies
270 Institutions in 45 countries
Datafromroarmap.eprints.org.AccessedonDecember2,2014
www.righttoresearch.org
Research Funder Open Access Policies
115 Research Funders in 28 Countries
Datafromroarmap.eprints.org.AccessedonDecember2,...
www.righttoresearch.org
1,000+
Congressional lobbying visits
over the past 5+ years
www.righttoresearch.org
www.sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
Open Science = Open Access on Steroids
www.sparc.arl.org
Open science is the concept of opening up all aspects of scientif...
Is there anything UAEM could learn?
www.sparc.arl.org
• Funders are key. Engage them fully and
have them see this as their...
So, can openness solve the drug
problem?
www.sparc.arl.org
Sign up for updates on OpenCon 2015:
opencon2015.org/attend
Full recordings of OpenCon 2014 at
bit.ly/opencon2014videos
OpenCon 2014 Speakers Included:
• Deputy Assistant to the President of the United
States for Legislative Affairs
• Chief C...
Thank you!
Joe@righttoresearch.org or @Mcarthur_Joe
My slides, videos and more:
www.righttoresearch.org/learn/uaem-eu-conf...
UAEM EU Conference
UAEM EU Conference
UAEM EU Conference
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UAEM EU Conference

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A workshop presentation for the UAEM EU conference 2015

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UAEM EU Conference

  1. 1. Open Access, Open Science and Open Innovation – A solution to the drugs problem? Joe McArthur (@R2RC) Assistant Director, Right to Research Coalition Co-founder, Open Access Button UAEM EU Conference, UCL April 25, 2015
  2. 2. Launched in Summer 2009. Built around the Student Statement on the Right to Research: access to research is a student right International alliance of 77 graduate & undergraduate student organizations, representing nearly 7 million students We Educate + Advocate for Open Access
  3. 3. www.sparc.arl.org My slides, videos and more: www.righttoresearch.org/learn/uaem-eu-conference
  4. 4. What’s the drug problem? www.sparc.arl.org
  5. 5. www.sparc.arl.org The IP pie
  6. 6. Open Access www.sparc.arl.org
  7. 7. Open Access www.sparc.arl.org Free, immediate online access to scientific & scholarly articles with full reuse rights
  8. 8. Open Science www.sparc.arl.org
  9. 9. Open Science www.sparc.arl.org Open science is the concept of opening up all aspects of scientific research, to allow others to follow the process and collaborate. There is no formal definition of open science, but it usually incorporates areas, such as open access, open peer review, post publication peer review, and open data. Additionally, it includes other ways to make science more transparent and accessible during the research process, such as open notebook science, citizen science, and aspects of open source software and crowd-funded research projects
  10. 10. Open Innovation www.sparc.arl.org
  11. 11. Open Innovation www.sparc.arl.org Open innovation is a paradigm that assumes that firms can and should use external ideas as well as internal ideas, and internal and external paths to market, as the firms look to advance their technology Chesbrough, Henry William (1 March 2003). Open Innovation: The new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. ISBN 978-1578518371.
  12. 12. Access to the building blocks of knowledge
  13. 13. www.sparc.arl.org
  14. 14. ???
  15. 15. $15,508 Prices generated with Elsevier’s pricing tool, for an institutional subscription with more than 5 users for an academic institution in the US with 50,001+ FTEs. Pricing tool URL: http://www.myelsevier.com/browse/product_details.jsp?productId=ELS_AG_BS-PRD-00942#
  16. 16. $39,082 Robert Darnton, “The Library: Three Jeremiads,” New York Review of Books, December 23, 2010 http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2010/dec/23/library-three-jeremiads
  17. 17. Average journal price in Chemistry: Biology = $2,520 Geography = $1,308 Physics = $3,870 = $4,215 www.sparc.arl.org Source: Library Journal 2014 Periodicals Pricing Survey “Steps Down the Evolutionary Road | Periodicals Price Survey 2014,” by Stephen Bosch and Kittie Henderson. Library Journal, April 11, 2014: http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2014/04/publishing/steps-down-the-evolutionary-road-periodicals-price-survey-2014/#_
  18. 18. Source: Library Journal 2014 Periodicals Pricing Survey “Steps Down the Evolutionary Road | Periodicals Price Survey 2014,” by Stephen Bosch and Kittie Henderson. Library Journal, April 11, 2014: http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2014/04/publishing/steps-down-the-evolutionary-road-periodicals-price-survey-2014/#_ www.sparc.arl.org
  19. 19. -25% 25% 75% 125% 175% 225% 275% 325% 375% 425% 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 %ChangeSince1986 Source: ARL Statistics 2010-11 Association of Research Libraries, Washington, D.C. *Includes electronic resources from 1999-2000 onward. Graph 2 Monograph and Serial Costs in ARL Libraries, 1986-2011* Serial Expenditures (+402%) Monograph Expenditures (+71%) Monographs Purchased (10%) www.sparc.arl.org
  20. 20. Publishing obscure academic journals is that rare thing in the media industry: “a licence to print money.” Source: The Economist, “Open Sesame,” April 14, 2012: http://www.economist.com/node/21552574 www.sparc.arl.org
  21. 21. www.righttoresearch.org Publishing is big business… www.sparc.arl.org
  22. 22. www.righttoresearch.org Publishing is big business… 39% Source: “Elsevier STM publishing profits rise to 39%” http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.com/2014/03/elsevier-stm-publishing-profits-rise-to.html www.sparc.arl.org
  23. 23. Is there a reason publishing should be this expensive? www.sparc.arl.org
  24. 24. http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive.php?comicid=1200 www.sparc.arl.org
  25. 25. 80% of research is publicly funded Source: “Academic Publishing: Survey of funders supports the benign Open Access outcome priced into shares, HSBC Global Research,” February 11, 2013: https://www.research.hsbc.com/midas/Res/RDV?ao=20&key=RxArFbnG1P&n=360010.PDF 1 www.sparc.arl.org
  26. 26. Does our publishing system what we entrust to distribute the knowledge we work so hard to create share our values? www.sparc.arl.org
  27. 27. www.righttoresearch.org
  28. 28. Closed academic publishing breaks the Internet www.sparc.arl.org
  29. 29. We can do better. Slide credit: Nicole Allen
  30. 30. Free, immediate online access to scientific & scholarly articles with full reuse rights Budapest Open Access Initiative www.sparc.arl.org
  31. 31. www.sparc.arl.org
  32. 32. www.righttoresearch.org
  33. 33. Two paths to Open Access Self- archiving Open Access Journals www.sparc.arl.org
  34. 34. 1. Publish in an open-access journal X >10,000 Source: Directory of Open Access Journals: www.doaj.org www.sparc.arl.org
  35. 35. X 2,000 2. Publish (most) anywhere, deposit into an open-access repository www.sparc.arl.org
  36. 36. Source: www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/statistics.php?la=en&fIDnum=|&mode=simple
  37. 37. www.sparc.arl.org Source: www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo
  38. 38. Benefits of Open Access www.sparc.arl.org
  39. 39. http://whatshouldwecallgradschool.tumblr.com/post/75410649038/when-my-paper-gets-cited
  40. 40. 2014 European Commission Report: +40.3% citation advantage for freely accessible papers -27.0% citation disadvantage for non- freely accessible papers Source: European Commission Report: “Proportion of Open Access Papers Published in Peer-Reviewed Journals at the European and World Levels—1996–2013 URL: http://science-metrix.com/en/publications/reports#/en/publications/reports/proportion-of-open-access-papers-published-in-peer- reviewed-journals-at-the www.sparc.arl.org
  41. 41. www.sparc.arl.org Valeria Aman , The potential of preprints to accelerate scholarly communication – A bibliometric analysis based on selected journals http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.4856
  42. 42. Mphatso Nguluwe Deputy Principal College of Nursing, Ekwendeni Source: http://www.soros.org/initiatives/information/focus/access/articles_publications/articles/openaccess_20070419 HIV and AIDS have hit us in Africa the hardest, and it is up to us to learn what we can to fight the disease. If we can’t obtain the best information, we can’t succeed in our struggle and millions more will die. Some researchers have even come here from abroad to work, gone home, and published their findings; but articles they’ve written cannot be accessed here.
  43. 43. www.sparc.arl.org
  44. 44. www.sparc.arl.org
  45. 45. www.righttoresearch.org
  46. 46. What are early career researchers doing to advance Open Access? www.sparc.arl.org
  47. 47. Make your work openly available on The Internet Mike Taylor: The SV-POW! open-access decision tree svpow.com/2013/05/11/the-sv-pow-open-access-decision-tree/
  48. 48. www.sparc.arl.org
  49. 49. www.sparc.arl.org https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xyq5N6HAlKo
  50. 50. Raise awareness about Open Access on campus and beyond www.sparc.arl.org
  51. 51. www.righttoresearch.org
  52. 52. www.sparc.arl.org
  53. 53. i) confirms the importance of students having access to research journals and articles as part of their training; ii) notes the high cost to institutions and individuals when accessing scholarly literature; iii) proposes that this could hinder medical students in their development as ‘The Doctor as the Scientist’ as well as developing an evidence based clinical approach; iv) welcomes and endorses the Right To Research Coalition’s statement on Open Access to research literature. www.righttoresearch.org June 25, 2012
  54. 54. www.sparc.arl.org
  55. 55. Setting the Default to Open: Institutional & Funder Policies www.sparc.arl.org
  56. 56. Institutional Open Access Policies 270 Institutions in 45 countries Datafromroarmap.eprints.org.AccessedonDecember2,2014
  57. 57. www.righttoresearch.org
  58. 58. Research Funder Open Access Policies 115 Research Funders in 28 Countries Datafromroarmap.eprints.org.AccessedonDecember2,2014
  59. 59. www.righttoresearch.org 1,000+ Congressional lobbying visits over the past 5+ years
  60. 60. www.righttoresearch.org
  61. 61. www.sparc.arl.org
  62. 62. www.sparc.arl.org
  63. 63. Open Science = Open Access on Steroids www.sparc.arl.org Open science is the concept of opening up all aspects of scientific research, to allow others to follow the process and collaborate. There is no formal definition of open science, but it usually incorporates areas, such as open access, open peer review, post publication peer review, and open data. Additionally, it includes other ways to make science more transparent and accessible during the research process, such as open notebook science, citizen science, and aspects of open source software and crowd-funded research projects
  64. 64. Is there anything UAEM could learn? www.sparc.arl.org • Funders are key. Engage them fully and have them see this as their issue • Build community internationally. • Find champions who are already doing what you want. • Telling stories is key. David vs Goliath.
  65. 65. So, can openness solve the drug problem? www.sparc.arl.org
  66. 66. Sign up for updates on OpenCon 2015: opencon2015.org/attend Full recordings of OpenCon 2014 at bit.ly/opencon2014videos
  67. 67. OpenCon 2014 Speakers Included: • Deputy Assistant to the President of the United States for Legislative Affairs • Chief Commons Officer, Sage Bionetworks • Associate Director for Data Science, U.S. National Institutes of Health • Co-founder, Open Library of the Humanities
  68. 68. Thank you! Joe@righttoresearch.org or @Mcarthur_Joe My slides, videos and more: www.righttoresearch.org/learn/uaem-eu-conference

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