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Predatory Open Access - A study of sizes and characteristics


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Predatory Open Access - A study of sizes and characteristics

  1. 1. ‘Predatory’ Open Access - A longitudinal study of article volumes and market characteristics Cenyu Shen Phd Candidate Information Systems Science Hanken School of Economics
  2. 2. BACKGROUND »OPEN ACCESS »Journals and articles on DOAJ » over 10,000 OA journals » over 2 million searchable OA articles
  3. 3. BACKGROUND »'PREDATORY' OPEN ACCESS »Coined by Jeffrey Beall »"The sort of publishers and journals who aims to collect article processing fee, but lack rigorous peer review and proper marking practices"
  4. 4. RESEARCH PURPOSE »Earlier research about 'predatory' OA publishing have so far mainly concentrated on exposing lacking peer review and scandals involving publishers and journals. »There is a lack of serious studies about several aspects of this phenomenon, including extent and regional effects. »The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive understanding of 'predatory' publishers and/or journals in terms of » the number of journals » article volumes published over the past five years » APC costs » Publication time » Regional distribution of publishers and authors
  5. 5. RESEARCH DESIGN Sampling process: we take Beall's list of 'predatory' publishers as our starting point and sample a total of 613 journals •Remove dead publishers •Collect basic information Clean & Collect the data (1) Four strata (100+,10-99, 2-9, Single) Stratify and Sample •Article volumes over time •APC costs •Presence in major indexing services •Publishing time •Country of authors Collect the data (2)
  6. 6. MAIN RESULTS development of article volumes
  7. 7. MAIN RESULTS average number of articles per journal
  8. 8. MAIN RESULTS average article processing fee The average APC over journals is estimated to be 304 USD, but calculated for articles turns out to be only 178 USD.
  9. 9. MAIN RESULTS country of publishers »38.7% -Asia »26.8% -Impossible to determine » 17.5% - North America
  10. 10. MAIN RESULTS country of authors »60.3% - Asia » 34.7% - India »16.4% - Africa
  11. 11. CONCLUSIONS » Over the past five years, there was a dramatic rise in the number of article published by 'predatory' journals with exceptional low APCs of 178 USD per article and a short publishing time between 2-3 months. » The problem of ‘predator’ is highly limited and regional to a few developing countries, where ‘international publication’ is a prerequisite for academic appointment, more funding, or promotion.