The unity of our peoples is not the mere illusion of men,
but the inexorable decree of destiny.
— Simón Bolívar
Utopia lies at the horizon.
When I draw nearer by two steps, it retreats two steps.
If I proceed ten steps forward, it swiftly slips ten steps ahead.
No matter how far I go, I can never reach it.
What, then, is the purpose of utopia?
It makes us move forward. —Eduardo Galeano
more open access
than anywhere else
over 2000 journals in DOAJ
probably over 3500 OA journals in Latindex
74% of journals in Scopus are OA
estimates as high as 95% of journals being OA
Two large publishing portals (SciELO &
dozens of university and independent portals/
over 2900 journals using OJS, more than any
universities like USP and UNAM have Open
Access portals with over 100 journals
dozens of subject digital repositories
290 repositories in OpenDOAR
Regional project to federate repos from 9
countries: LA REFERENCIA
national OA laws in Argentina (2013), Peru
(2013), Mexico (2014)
law introduced/reintroduced in Brazil
~5% of all mandates in ROARMAP
it’s own OA declaration (Bahia)
it’s publicly funded
it’s free to read and publish
it’s managed by scholars themselves
In Latin America, scholarly publications are
treated as part of a knowledge commons, where
the majority of publishing is managed through
cooperative and inclusive models by the scholarly
see CLACSO’s statement in support of Open Access to knowledge as a commons
why? how? huh?
different ﬁnancial incentives
high costs to print
need for visibility