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Agriculture in Bangladesh


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This slide describes agriculture in Bangladesh : present position, Problems, Prospects and policy

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Agriculture in Bangladesh

  1. 1. Agriculture in Bangladesh Presented by Ridwan Islam Sifat & Chowdhury Tanvir Ahmed Department of Development Studies, Bangladesh University Of Professionals
  2. 2. Outline  Introduction  Bangladesh Agriculture at a Glance  Importance of Agriculture  Problems & Limitations  Challenges  Future Challenge  Prospects of Agriculture  Agricultural machinery  Climate Change and Agriculture  Why climate change matters for agriculture?  How to Improve Agriculture Sector  Agricultural agency  Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction  Agriculture refers to all those activities which are related to cultivation of land for the production of crops. Agriculture is a backbone of Bangladesh economy and prosperity if agriculture can largely stand for the prosperity of the Bangladesh economy. To maintain ecological balance, there must be balanced and sustainable development of agriculture and its sector.
  4. 4. Bangladesh Agriculture at a glance  Total farm holding : 1,51,83,183 hectares  Total area : 14.86 million hectares  Forest : 2.599 million hectare  Cultivable land : 8.52 million hectares  Cultivable waste : 0.268 million hectares  Current fallow land : 0.469 million hectares  Cropping intensity : 191%  Single cropped area : 2.236 million hectares  Double cropped area : 4.107 million hectares  Triple cropped area : 1.485 million hectares  Net cropped area : 7.837 million hectares  Total cropped area : 14.943 million hectares
  5. 5. Importance of Agriculture  Share in National Income : About one forth of Bangladesh’s GDP depends on agriculture sector. Contribution of agriculture sector to Bangladesh GDP is 19.29%.  Share in Employment : Agriculture is the largest employment provider sector in Bangladesh. It provides employment to around 48% of the total labor force.  Industrial Raw Materials : Agriculture supplies industrial raw material in terns of cotton for textile industry, seeds for oil industry, sugarcane for sugar industry.  Wealth of nation: Large part of the country’s wealth belongs to agriculture sector. In terms of land, fixed assets etc.  Contribution to International trade & Domestic Trade.
  6. 6. Problems & Limitations  Financial Problem  Natural Disaster  Promotion of New Inventions  Improper Distribution of Seed & Fertilizer  Mono-crop Production  Accessibility to Weather Report  Higher Input Cost of Production  No Formal Road Transportation System  Coordination Between Government & Private Stakeholders  Lengthy Decision Making Process  Crop Pest Control
  7. 7. Challenges  Climate Change and variations  Over Population  Less Land More Production  Irrigation and Electricity and Fuel  Lowering Ground Water Level In Dry Season  Loosing Fertility & Excessive Land Use  Excessive Use of Fertilizer & Pesticides  Loosing Underground Water Level  Poverty Alleviation for Agriculture  Continuous Deforestation  Hybrid Seed  Farakka Dam
  8. 8. Prospects of Agriculture  Coastal Forestation  Tea Production  Some Other Revolutionary Invention  Hybrid Seeds  Government Funding for Research  Self Dependent on Rice Production  Crop Cycle  Seasonal Fruits Out of Season  Monga Situation  Self Employment for Youth  Middlemen in Distribution  Successful Control over Bird-Flu
  9. 9. Shykh Seraj (born 28 June 1956) is a Bangladeshi journalist, media personality and agriculture development activist. Seraj co-anchored a TV series Mati O Manush (Men and Soil). The TV program featured investigative documentaries and in-depth reporting and points out solutions to the various problems that farmers face.
  10. 10. Agricultural machinery  Spade (kodal)  Indigenous country plough (langal)  Single animal drawn plough (mohisher langal)  Ladder (moi)  Mallet (mugur)  Hydrotiller  Tractor
  11. 11. Traditional agricultural machinery Modern agricultural machinery
  12. 12. Climate change and agriculture Climate change and agriculture are interrelated process, both of which take place on a global scale. Climate change is already affecting agriculture, with effects unevenly distributed across the world. Climate change affects number of ways.
  13. 13. Why climate change matters for agriculture? Average temperature Rainfall Climate extremes Changes in pests and diseases changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide Ground level ozone concentrations  changes in the nutritional quality of some food changes in sea level
  14. 14. Agricultural agency  Ministry of Agriculture (MOA)  Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE)  Agriculture Information Service (AIS)  Department of Agricultural Marketing (DAM)  Cotton Development Board (CDB)  Seed Certification Agency (SCA)  Central Extension Resources Development Institute (CERDI)  Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation (BADC)  Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC)  Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI)  Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI)  Soil Resources Development Institute (SRDI)
  15. 15. How to Improve Agriculture Sector Government Intervention Access to Information Technogical Advancement Educative the Farmers  Ensure Aid from Different NGOs
  16. 16. Conclusion  Agriculture is the single largest producing sector of economy since it comprises about 30% of the country's GDP and employing around 60% of the total labor force.  The performance of this sector has an overwhelming impact on major macroeconomic objectives like employment generation, poverty alleviation, human resources development and food security.  Meeting the nation's food requirements remain the key- objective of the government and in recent years there has been substantial increase in grain production.