Map of VikingCivilizationThis map shows wherethe Vikings started offand where therecivilizations expandedto. In the 8th centurythey started off inScandinavia but thenin the 9th century theyhad moved to parts ofIceland, England, andIreland. Over timethey had much ofEurope and even someof North America. TheVikings were adominate group.
The Vikings were a Scandinavian group who explored and raided most of Europe The Vikings were around from the 8th century to the 11th century. This was known as the Viking age They were mostly known for their big long ships and their trading. The Vikings brought their valuable goods with them and traded them to other civilizations
1. Chieftain: The Chieftain owned all of the land they had raided. Every summer he and his army would raid other countries 2. Chieftains Wife: She stayed home and looked after farm 3. The Eldest Son: He inherited all of the money and land 4. The Freemen: Would stay at home and maintain the land, and complete tasks such as melting iron and making weapons 5. The Tradesmen: Would go to Villages to trade their goods 6. The Slaves: Would do all of the dirty work Chieftain and his family The Freemen The VikingThe Tradesmen Chieftain The Slaves
Most people throughout the Viking Age lived in farmsteads that were handed down father to son. All three generations of the family would live in it. The richer hired servants to The floors were covered in reeds or work for them. The herbs and the walls were made of houses would consist of a wood. Most of the homes were on a farm allowing the family to grow food byre, a storehouse, and a for themselves. longhouse for living.
Wearing jewellery in the Vikingage was a sign of wealth thatshowed that you were rich enoughto wear expensive jewellery. Also ina normal house it would usually bejust one room but well off familieswould be able to have two rooms.Also only the rich could affordfurniture such as tables and chairs.Most Vikings slept on hay or on arug or bench but only the richcould afford beds, some richpeople would also have tapestry on Viking wore their jewellery tothe walls to decorate but rugs had show off their wealthnot been made yet instead the richwould spread rushes on the floor.Also if a Viking was more well ofthey could have more clothing thatwas made out of fine materials.
Vikings enjoyed eating manytypes of seafood such as fish,seaweed, shellfish, seals, andwhales. Sometimes the slavespickled the fish in salt waterto give it more taste. With allthe vegetables they grew ontheir farms they ate as well.They also ate some wildanimals. They drank milk,beer and other drinks with Here are some foods that the Vikings atetheir meals. Also on holidays such as fish, vegetables, and breadthey had big feasts with avariety.
Most of the Viking men were all around workers doing work such as boat building, or making tools. They also knew how to fight, so they could protect their family or the chieftain. Most of the Viking women took care of the everyday household tasks. They would wash clothes, take care of the children. They The Viking women also made also looked after the farms pottery in there spare time at while the men were out. home
Girls usually get married around the ages of 12-15 year of age When they got married they were expected to take over and run the household The decision of the marriage was mostly between the two families. The girls didn’t get that much of a say in it If the other partner wasn’t taking much part in the marriage or if he was treating her poorly she had the right to divorce him That is a Viking engagement She had to call over some witness’s to make it final ring. The Viking men would The children were kept with the propose to someone with it mother if they were little, but if they were bigger they would be split The Wives brought sewing supplies as well as a loom and a bed
Women were always the care givers when a woman was delivering a baby. When a woman was delivering a baby they would take a position by kneeling on the ground with helpers behind the woman helping her up. Then they would hold her elbows and deliver the baby through the back. To calm a woman they would A Viking Childbirth Practice sing songs to help her calm down.
If the child survived birth then hardly any children got an education so they most likely wouldn’t go to school. Children did not have toys like they have now but they did act out like their parents so for example they would ride sticks and pretend to be in a battle. When a child would become old enough they would start to help around the house, in cleaning the house and working on the crops. They would have to learn these skills when they have their own house. Skills in fighting were learned using pretend toy weapons. Viking children would preform household tasks when they got older
Our life Viking Life Some Viking children didn’t Many more children survive birth or had a hard survive birth and live a time living healthy healthy live because of good healthcare In the Viking age children didn’t have as many toys to Today we have many toys play with so they had to use to play with their imagination Today we have much more When a Viking child turned a freedom but we still have certain age they had to to help around the house perform many tasks around the household and had little We have the opportunity to time for play really be a kid The Vikings had a much different life then we had growing up
In the Viking age there were no public schools, all education was done at home. The Adults or parents educated the children When Viking children reached the age of around 10 they were taught how to run a household so they could take over the family farm Girls learned how to spin and weave while boys went fishing with their fathers Viking children were always busy around the household, but they still had a bit of time
The Vikings believed in many different types of gods and goddesses who all had many different personalities almost like humans. The main gods or chief gods were Odin, Thor and Frey. The Vikings would worship the gods and ask different gods for different things for example, they would pray for good weather for crops. Later when Vikings went to other countries most people were Christian so some Vikings became Christian but most Vikings stayed loyal to Thor was one of the most the gods and didn’t become common gods among the Christians. Viking society
ThorThor is one of the mostcommonly known godsamong Viking Heritage.He is the son of Odin andFjorgyn. Thor is the god ofthunder, sky, and law. Thorwore a belt carrying ahammer. Thor killedanything that moved. Thorwas a very powerful god. Thor, the god of Thunder
The Vikings like most people back in their time made most of their clothes out of wool. The Vikings would bring sheep around with them to create clothes; the women would weave the wool and create clothes. They would also use fruits and vegetables to dye the clothes different colors. Men would typically wear a wool shirt and a skirt or kilt. The women would wear a long linen dress and would wear an apron around the house. In the cold both men and women wore wool hats and They wore wool sweaters with cloaks. helmets on. They would sometimes wear a skirt or kilt
Music in Viking times evolved over the ages. Every generation slightly changed music in Viking times. In the 17th century music started to be written down and kept. Then once songs had been written there was lots of singing and dancing with the music. The Vikings sang when they were sad and when they were happy. They also danced sang songs and played instruments when there was a celebration of some kind. Viking art was not very important; they instead decorated ordinary objects such as cones and buckets. They also Swan bone flutes were made some out of metal and leather and wood to makes stuff used to play music such as belts and jewellery to sell.
Thursebolt was a popular festival among Viking heritage honouring Thor who protected Midgaurd. At Festivals Vikings drank ale and mead from wooden cups. Some funerals in the Viking age lasted as long Popular food at a Viking festivals as a week
The Vikings were a ruthless group of invaders who took over and explored parts of the world mainly Europe. We admire the Vikings for their willingness to explore and invade new places. Overall many of the skills the Vikings A Viking battle possessed helped them during the Viking age.
The Vikings: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VikingSocial Structure of the Vikings:http://valdis_sca.tripod.com/rsocial_structure.htmlFood of the Vikings:http://library.thinkquest.org/C005446/Food/English/viking.htmlHousing in Viking Age:http://www.vikingsonline.org.uk/resources/articles/housing.htmVikings at Home:http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/vikings/vikings_at_home/Clothes: http://www.viking.no/e/life/eclothes.htmWomen: http://www.viking.no/e/life/ewomen.htmViking Gods: http://www.rosala-viking-centre.com/gods.htmVikings:http://cd7.e2bn.net/e2bn/leas/c99/schools/cd7/website/Vikings.htmMedical care: http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/medicine.shtml
Margeson, Susan. Eyewitness Books— Viking. Stoddart publishing co. Toronto Canada, 1994 Morley, Jacqueline. First Facts about the Vikings. Peter Bedrick Books. New York, New York, 1996.