Introduction Ancient Greece dates back to Stone Age hunters. After the Stone Age came the Dark Age. Ancient Greece consisted of many different stages. The Neolithic Period lasted from 6000-2900 B.C.. The Early Bronze Age went from 2900-2000 B.C.. Another time period for Ancient Greece was the Minoan Age, which lasted from 2000-1400 B.C.. From 500-338 B.C., Ancient Greece was divided into city-states, which were cities usually surrounded by countryside.
Slaves were not considered Social citizens. They were mixed in with people from foreign countries and Structure people that were only legally allowed to live in the country.• Men who owned land, and Slaves owned by the city-state were were native born were trained to notice counterfeit entitled to full citizenship. money, and also to work as a police force.• A slave had no power. They could have a family, but had no rights to any involvement in political government.• Most families had many slaves as servants, and even poor families had a few slaves.
Social Structure Pyramid Gods/Goddesses The Council Men from the Country (The Assembly) The Jury Women and Children Slaves and Immigrants
Marriages in Ancient Greece were arranged by the mother and father of the intended bride and groom. Girls married between the ages of fourteen and eighteen, and men usually married at around the age of twenty, but some M even married at age thirty. a A priest did not run the wedding, but a set of rituals were performed, and for the couple to be officially married, a child had to be conceived. r Divorce was easily arranged. If the wife could not give birth, or if she will not perform adultery, the marriage will end. r i g e
Family Life Usually, there were more than just the wife and kids living in the groom’s house. Sometimes his parents would live with him, and each family had a couple of slaves that lived in their house. A wealthy woman would never leave the house alone, and would usually go to only weddings or funerals. Poorer women without slaves would normally go out to get water. If there was a divorce in the family, the children would live with their father, where they would learn how work the farm, or whatever the family business was.
In some cities, the babies would be wrapped up in clothes to ensure Childbirth that they would have strong limbs.• Most babies died in the first couple of days that they were born, and most babies were not given names until the were about a week old.• If a baby was deformed, then it would most likely be left to die on a mountain. More female babies were abandoned than male babies.• Some abandoned babies were brought up as slaves.
In Sparta, children spent most of their time with their mother. Girls would receive their schooling from their mother. The C h boys, however, learned mostly from their fathers, or they would go to school at the age of seven. In Sparta, boys were raised away from their families as well. They were taken to barracks, and raised to be in the military. i They were not allowed out until they were about thirty years old. l Many toys that are similar to today’s were found then too. Dolls, rattles, tops, and swings are just a few of the things that have been discovered. d h o o d
Schooling In Sparta, girls did not go to school, but they were allowed to participate in wrestling and gymnastics. In Athens, girls stayed at home with their mothers, and learned how to clean. Schooling mainly focused on raising strong soldiers. Teachers didn’t care about math and writing, because it wasn’t used often in latter years. In Athens, boys went to school at age seven, and were taught how to become wise men, not just soldiers. They learned reading and writing, physical training, and music. They would also learn how to write plays.
Most houses were planned around Housing a courtyard, with high walls and a gate in the front.• Men and women lived in different parts of the house.• Most houses were built out of stone or clay. Roves were covered in tiles or reed. Houses usually had one or two stories.• Richer houses had a kitchen, a room for bathing, an eating area for the men, and a sitting area for the women.
F Ancient Greeks mostly ate food the could be easily grown in the rocky terrain. Breakfast consisted of bread dipped in wine. Lunch was made up of bread dipped in wine, figs, olives, dried fish or cheese. Dinner was the most important meal of the day in Ancient o Greece. It was eaten at sunset and usually consisted of fish, fruits and vegetables, and sometimes honey cakes. o Fish was the main source of protein, as beef cost a lot of money. Wine was the drink that people usually had. The wine d was usually watered down, because drinking it straight out was considered barbaric. The Greek did not have utensils, so they would usually eat with their hands. Bread was used as a napkin, and after it was used, it would be thrown to dogs or slaves to eat. (Better than eating a napkin!)
Religion: Gods and Goddesses People believed in twelve main gods. Their names are: Zeus Aphrodite Hera Athena Poseidon Apollo Ares Artemis Hermes Demeter Hades Hephaestus
Ancient Greeks thought that all the gods were responsible for different Religion things. For example, they thought that Zeus was responsible for thunder and lightning, that Poseidon was responsible for the• Religious practices water, and that Hades was extended outside the responsible for the underworld. mainland. Ionia and coasts just south of Italy also practiced Greek religion.• Ancient Greeks believed that there was an underworld where spirits went after death.• The Greeks thought that they had to sacrifice an animal at the altar when they prayed.
C There were festivals that were held for a few important god that they believed in. These gods were e Apollo, Athena, Dionysus, Poseidon, Zeus. l People danced at the festivals, and they we even know the names of some of these dances. When they thought that the e youths had been freed from the Minotaur by Theseus, the Ancient Greeks danced the Crane Dance. b Athletic contests were also very common in festivals. Statues would be cleaned and new robes would be put on them. r Banquets would be held, and women would weave and create art. a t I o n s
Death The Ancient Greeks thought that the spirit of a dead person was carried away on a gust of wind. Relatives of the deceased, mostly women, would prepare the body for the ceremony. The body would be smeared with oil, the body would be dressed and put on a bed in the house. Afterwards, relatives would come and mourn over the body and pay their respects. Lastly, the dead body would be buried with a few of their belongings, and they would usually have a gravestone put up above where they were buried.
Lots of statues in the “golden age” were shown moving and doing Art something, like the one below.• There were three different types of architectural orders. These orders were Doric, which is very plain, Ionic, the thin and elegant style, and Corinthian, which is very elaborate, and included leaves in most designs.• Most sculptures were created naked or wearing a toga.
Music was used in weddings, funerals, festivals, and banquets. Even though Ancient Greeks knew how to play many different instruments, there were three that they used most. They were the kithara, which was a string instrument that was plucked, the lyre, another string instrument, and a wind instrument with two reeds. M If you had the ability to sing while you were playing an instrument, it was considered a highly developed skill. u Most Greek men learned how to play an instrument, sing, and dance. s i c
Fact Bibliography April 2012 - Introduction Page - http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/History/ April 2012 Social Structure Page - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece April 2012 Marrige Page - http://www.historylink102.com/greece3/marriage.htm April 2012 Family Life Page - http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/people/family.htm April 2012 Childbirth Page - http://www.historylink102.com/greece3/children.htm April 2012 Childhood Page - http://www.historylink102.com/greece3/children.htm April 2012 Schooling Page - http://library.thinkquest.org/J002606/AncientGreece.html April 2012Housing Page - http://www.woodlands- junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/greece/houses.htm
Fact Bibliography Cont. April 2012 Food Page - http://www.historylink102.com/greece3/food.htm April 2012 Religion: Gods and Goddesses Page - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece#Religion_and_mytho logy April 2012 Religion Page - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_ancient_Greece April 2012 Celebrations Page - http://www.fjkluth.com/festival.html April 2012 Death Page - http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/dbag/hd_dbag.htm April 2012 Art Page - http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Art/
Fact Bibliography Cont. April 2012 Art Page - http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Sculpture/ April 2012 Music Page - http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/grmu/hd_grmu.htm
Image Bibliography Title Paeg - http://www.ancientsculpturegallery.com/222.html Introduction Page - http://www.greeka.com/greece-maps/ancient-greece- map.htm Social Structure Page - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Grabstein_einer_Frau_mit_Dienerin.jpg Social Structure Pyramid - http://cyberchuck- video.homeip.net/wordpress/?p=3198 Marriage Page - http://www.richeast.org/htwm/Greeks/marriage/bride.gif Family Life - http://www.womeninthebible.net/3.1.Family_Work_Religion.htm