Early tools


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Early tools

  1. 1. Mark McGovern<br />Early Tools<br />
  2. 2. There were many stages in human evolution .Australopithecus afarensis, Homo habilis, Homo erectus, Homo sapiens neandrithalensis, Homo sapiens Cro-Magnon, and Homo sapiens sapiens are just a few of them. In this presentation, we will learn about the tools that each species used, and how they evolved <br />Introduction<br />
  3. 3. Lived 4-1.2 million years ago.<br />Afarensis had the most basic tools. It didn’t know how to make tools but if it found them it would use it. <br /> They would use sticks to catch small insects like ants and termites by sticking it into there hill and pulling it out when the ants/termites had grabbed on to it.<br /> They would use rocks to crack open nuts and other hard things.<br /> They did NOT hunt, only gather fruits and berries. If they found a dead carcass they would eat it.<br /> Afarensis did NOT know how to make tools<br />Australopithecus afarensis<br />
  4. 4. Homo habilis lived 2 to 1.5 million years ago.<br />It used simple tools such as sharp rocks and sticks to hunt. They lived in small packs.<br />It could not control fire but knew how to use it if it found it, but it just usually ate its food raw.<br />Unlike the Afarensis, it would hunt AND gather, not just hunt. They would sometimes use things such large stones that they would sometimes throw at their prey.<br />Would sharpen rocks. They could make them within just a few minutes. Small sharpened rocks were usually used to skin animals after they had killed them, whereas the bigger ones were used for the actual hunt.<br />Homo Habilis<br />
  5. 5. Lived 1.6-80,000 years ago.<br />Homo Erectus had more tools than the Habilis. They were also more advanced.<br />They had now learned to make fire, which kept them warm and allowed them to cook there food. <br />They would skin animals with sharp rocks to make simple clothes, such as cloaks or blankets.<br />They did NOT use metal tools.<br />They could recognise different angles and how to make them. They had good hand-eye coordination that allowed them to make tools faster and stronger. <br />Had basic axes to scrape and cut meat or wood. They lived and hunted in tribes.<br />Homo Erectus<br />
  6. 6. Lived 133,000- 32,ooo years ago.<br />Neanderthals were smart, strong, and very advanced. In fact, they were stronger than us.<br />They had tons of tools. They had things such as stone axes, stone knives, spears and harpoons.<br />They could control fire well, allowing them to migrate and survive bitter European winters.<br />They could make clothing well with their tools.<br />Homo sapiens Neanderthal<br />
  7. 7. The Cro-Magnon was verysmart. It lived 100,000-10,000 years ago.<br />Made tools out of stone, ivory, wood, teeth, and antlers. <br />They could fish with hooks, and could sew with a needle and thread.<br />They invented the bow and arrow and had long range spears.<br />They used sharp axes to cut down trees and make canoes.<br />With new tools they could get more food, with allowed their population to grow.<br />They could make warm clothes to survive the ice ages.<br />They had mastered the use of fire.<br />They could store food for winters.<br />Made huts from bones, animal skins, and rocks.<br />They could also paint as they did on cave walls.<br />Homo Sapiens Cro-Magnon<br />
  8. 8. Homo Sapiens Sapiens lived from 10,000 to the present day. They are modern humans or, us.<br />We invented farming, which allowed us to begin to settle in places and make towns and cities.<br />We domesticated animals, allowing us to have cats and dogs, but also to raise farm animals like cows and pigs.<br />In the past 10,000 years, tools have changed dramatically. Bows and arrows turned into machine guns and heat seeking missiles. Ropes and pulleys turned into cranes. Rope turned to iron cables.<br />Basically any appliance in your house is a tool. Phones, lights, pens, bottles, paper, even the computer that your watching this slide show on. <br />Homo Sapiens Sapiens<br />
  9. 9. Tools by: arnybo at http://www.flickr.com/photos/arnybo/2353828556/<br />Afarensis by: Ryan Somma at http://www.flickr.com/photos/ideonexus/4699762790/<br />http://www.donsmaps.com/images6/dmanisiarthead.jpg<br />http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/bigphotos/53365326.html<br />Erectus by: Ryan Somma at http://www.flickr.com/photos/ideonexus/2955598515/sizes/m/in/photostream/<br />Cromagnon by wallyg at http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/415498335/sizes/m/in/photostream/<br />Homo Sapiens Sapiens by SebPrzd at http://www.flickr.com/photos/sbprzd/270524077/sizes/m/in/photostream/<br />Picture Bibliography<br />
  10. 10. http://www.sanfranciscosentinel.com/?p=7268<br />http://www.ecotao.com/holism/hu_habilis.htm<br />http://www.kidspast.com/world-history/0020-cro-magnon-tools.php<br />http://earlyhumans.mrdonn.org/cromagnon.html<br />Text Bibliography<br />