Cristina haley socials


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Cristina haley socials

  1. 1. By: Cristina and HaleyP. 1
  2. 2. The Han dynasty lasted from 206 BC until 220 AD. The Han dynasty is a timeline when the Han family were the rulers of China. Key: =P. 2 Han Dynasty
  3. 3. The Han dynasty is famous for the silk road. It was famous because the silk road is the route that the Chinese took when they were trading with the Romans. The Han dynasty is also famous for burying small clay models of their homes and personal belongings and this has helped us learn a lot about them. The Han dynasty was also famous for their art. This was a good time for the Chinese empire because the culture was similar all across China. Als0 the Han dynasty lasted around 450 years. Only 10% lived in the cities. Each city was surrounded by a strong wall made of earth and stone.P. 3
  4. 4. The Emperor always in the top. Civil Servants where the closest to the In the Han dynasty the social Emperor. Peasants were the structure stayed the same as second closest to the top. all of the other Ancient Chinese Dynasties. The Soldiers and Servants where always at the bottom.P. 4
  5. 5. The housing in the Han dynasty would differ from place to place, most commonly it would be an entire family living in one large rectangular house called a si he yuan. A si he yuan had eight rooms. There were four bed rooms, a kitchen, a lavatory, two rooms for worshiping the gods. There were three wings in every house, each wing had a veranda, a sunroom made from cloth and bamboo. Each wing of the house also had a court yard used for study, exercise and nature viewing.P. 5
  6. 6. The rich rushed to imitate the imperial palace. They built elaborate homes, decorated with drapery. They had stone lions to furnished the family tombs. They always charred how much the sculpture or lion cost to put in top of the tombs. The rich lived in comfortable, large houses with many rooms and fireplaces. They decorated there house with furniture from Greek and Rome. Dinner was very decorated. Kids were tutored in science, math, math, literature, art, religion, and music. The rich did not go to public schools. When it was cold, they had coats created with squirrel and fox skins and leather slippers.P. 6
  7. 7. Food When you think of Chinese food you think of rice. In fact, rice was the first grain that was farmed in China. There is archaeological evidence of rice farming along the Yang-tse River as early as about 5000 BC. People cooked rice by boiling it in water, the way they do today. Or they made it into wine. Rice wine has been popular in China since prehistory. During the Han Dynasty, millet wine became very popular and was even more popular to drink than tea. Also beginning in the Han Dynasty, about 100 AD, Chinese people began to make their wheat and rice into long noodles.P. 7
  8. 8. Family Life Most Chinese, both rich and poor, lived in large families. Grandparents, parents, aunts, uncles, and children all lived together. Family was extremely important in Han China. Most Chinese believed in the ancient tradition of ancestor worship. They believed that the spirits of dead men and women influenced what happened to them. The way to please ancestors was to pray to them and to offer them food and drink. As you probably know, Confucianism was based on the teaching of Kongfuzi (called Confucius by westerners).Recall that Confucius believed that society worked best when people acted properly based on their roles and their relationships with others. Confucius believed that there were five basic relationships: ruler and subject, husband and wife, father and son, older sibling and younger sibling, friend and friend. Confucius taught that all people must respect and obey those above them. In return, those above must behave properly to those below. Confucianism, then, emphasized respect, obedience, and responsibility. Along with the ancient tradition of close family ties, these teachings helped to strengthen Chinese families. In turn, strong families helped to strengthen the entire social structure of the Han.P. 8
  9. 9. Marriage There were a few different ways to get married in the Han Dynasty one of them was a marriage with proposal. That is when the male will give a gift to the females family, and both parents must agree to the marriage. A different form of marriage is called succeeding marriage, a succeeding marriage is when a girl is widowed the younger brother can marry her, he can also do the same for his step mother. It was believed that men should marry around the age of 30 and girls around 20 you cannot get married however if you are above these ages. There was no divorce in ancient china. Once married a girl must move in with her husbands family.P. 9
  10. 10. Childbirth Chinese women will often drink a strong herbal potion which apparently would help to ease the strain of labor. Custom dictates that women not fear the laboring process, since birth is considered a womens career to the ancient Chinese. Chinese women traditionally would go through labor in an armchair or futon. Once the baby is born they will often pray to the goddess who helped them conceive with an offering of sweet meats and incense.P. 10
  11. 11. Childhood In ancient china most children were not given an education only the boys of a very rich family. Most children worked at home on the farms planting crops and picking weeds. Girls were never given an education and had to do whatever their husbands mother tells them to do. If a girl is part of a very poor family sometimes because of poverty a family must sell their daughter to a rich family. In ancient china having a son was much more important than having a daughter so life was much harder for females.P. 11
  12. 12. Here in Canada we have a opportunity to become the best we can but in the Han Dynasty the teachers were more strict and they expected more from children. In the Han Dynasty there was no public schools only the rich boys were allowed to have a tutor. Instead here in Canada all kids have equal rights and there is public schools for anyone paid from HST. In the Han Dynasty they didn´t have universities and they only worked for their families. Here in Canada we have universities and are able to work for those who will hire us. In Canada girls have equal rights.P. 12
  13. 13. Education Only boys from rich families were given an education and boys had to work very hard for political rights. You did not learn math or science in school but how to read and write. School started at 6 am and ended at 4 pm. The student would sit on stools and the teacher had the only chair. Test scores were the only thing that mattered if you wanted to get a job, not how much money you had or the family that you came from. Schools normally took place in a temple and if there was no school in your village you would go and stay with your relatives or strangers.P. 13
  14. 14. Religion Under the Han Dynasty (about 200 BC to 200 AD), scholars working for the emperors tried to find a way to combine Taoism and Confucianism. They believed that the emperors should follow the Tao, or the way, and help people to be good by rewarding good deeds. In this way, people would naturally want to be good, and wouldnt have to be forced into it. Around 500 AD, in the period of the Three Kingdoms, Buddhism first came to China from India, where the Buddha had lived and where Buddhism got started. Actually there were Buddhists in China even during the Han Dynasty, starting about 50 AD, but there got to be a lot more of them under the Three Kingdoms. Some Buddhists were persecuted by the emperors, but generally Buddhism was popular and accepted. The Tang Dynasty Empress Wu, for example, was a Buddhist. But Taoism was still very strong in China too.P. 14
  15. 15. God The greatest God in the Han Dynasty is Dha-shi- zhi, she broke the cycle of reincarnation with her great love, and now welcomes souls to Heaven in the form of flowers. Di-Cang is a great Buddhist who releases the souls of the dead from the underworld. She is a bodhisattva of Chinese Buddhism, whose name means "the Strongest".P. 15
  16. 16. Clothing People in China generally wore tunics ( long t- shirts). Women wore long tunics that went down to the ground, with belts. Men wore shorter ones down to their knees. Sometimes they wore jackets over their tunics. In the winter, when it was cold, people wore padded jackets on top of their tunics, and sometimes pants under them. In early China, poor people made their clothes of hemp or ramie. Rich people wore silk. Most people in China, both men and women, wore their hair long. It was believed that you got your hair from your parents, so it was disrespectful to cut it.P. 16
  17. 17. Art and Music When Chinese people learned about Buddhism, under the Han Dynasty, they also learned about Buddhist art styles in India, and these new styles had a huge effect on Chinese art. Chinese sculptors learned to make life-size stone statues. About the same time, traders on the Silk Road began to bring Roman blown glass to China. Chinese potters, perhaps trying to imitate blown glass, soon created porcelain. Around the same time, Chinese artists invented paper and began to use it for painting on. They created new works of literature and music. Beautiful murals were painted on the walls of palaces. Scroll painting began. Craftsmen made jade jewellery and carvings, gold ornaments and belt hooks, delicate paintings with wire thin brush strokes. Iron was used for making plows and other cast iron objects. Glazed pottery was brightly painted with lively hunting scenes, mountains, trees, clouds, dragons, tigers, and bears. Their medicine was advanced. They invented acupuncture.P. 17
  18. 18. Festivals By the time of Han Dynasty, the major traditional Chinese festivals had become large public events. The Han Dynasty had many large festivals to celebrate cultural and social reasons. One of the most important festivals was Chinese new year. You would commonly see the people dressed in red and gold because those are lucky colors to the Chinese. In this festival there will be dragon costumes, lots of lights, and fireworks. The gifts were usually money that you keep safe till the rest of the year for good luck.P. 18
  19. 19. Conclusion The Han Dynasty was one of China’s most famous dynasties of all. The Han Dynasty lasted from 206 BC until 220 AD. During the four centuries that the Han Dynasty remained unified, they brought forth several major cultural and scientific achievements to China. One of these achievements were the establishment of the Silk Road. One of the most well known achievements of the Han Dynasty was the establishment of the Silk Road, a road system that made it possible for a person to go from Beijing to Guangzhan on foot in 56 days.P. 19
  20. 20. Information Bibliography Books: Exploring Daily Life During the Han Dynasty Ancient China Websites: 20
  21. 21. Great Wall of CHINA: Han Dynasty Map: Han Dynasty Painting: Clay model art: Social structure: Emperor: Civil Servants:,+Indian,+Chinese,+and+Greek,Roman+Sun+Hong+Jeffrey+Ahn+B +Block Peasant:,+Russia+and+China Merchants:,+Russia+and+China Soldiers and Servants:!/History_of_the_Han_DynastyP. 21
  22. 22. Dha-shi-zhi God: Music: Housing: Wealthy: Food: Family Life: Marriage: Clothing: Childhood: Childbirth: 22
  23. 23. Canada vs China: Education: Religion: Festivals: Conclusion: 23