Table of Contents
1. T.O.C 6. Events
Women’s 2. History 7. Competitions
4. Skills/levels 9. Glossary
Artistic 5. Scoring 10. References
Gymnastics This is a
picture of an
gymnast at the
By: Leah 2008 visa
Gymnastics started about 2000 years Gymnastics has many heroes but some of
ago in ancient grease. The Greeks would the most famous ones are Nadia
practice gymnastics to prepare Comaneci the, Mary Lou Retton, Nastia
themselves for war. Later on gymnastics Luikin, and Shawn Johnson.
was practiced in other places like china
and India. After that gymnastics was
introduced all around the world!
Gymnastics was in the Olympics for the
first time in 1896 These Olympics only was the first women
had men competing in them! The First to score a perfect
women didn’t compete in the Olympics 10
~Mary Lou Retton
was the first
American to win all
around in the
Levels and skills Marking/Scoring
In gymnastics there are two major Originally everyone was marked out of
groupings Recreational and Pre- ten, but now everyone has their own
Comp/Competitive. Recreational has ten start value determined after there
levels and Competitive has seven. The
routine from the skills they did in it. All
levels are determined by the difficulty
of the judges have to go through
or skills required. All skills have
different values depending on how hard courses held by FIG (Federation of
the skill is it will be an A, B, C or a D. International Gymnastics). This is to
Each level has rules on what you can make the judging as fair as possible and
compete i.e. you cannot use C’s in lower so the judges know how to mark
levels. different levels.
Gymnastics has four events they are: In competitions each athlete will
compete against other girls the same
* Vault- An event which you run down a
long carpeted area in a straight line then age and level. After the meet the scores
leap onto a spring board and jump onto will be compared to the others, and a
the table. You will get two attempts to winner of each event will be determined!
vault. Then all four of the athlete’s scores are
*Bars- An event that you perform skills added together and an all around number
using swings, releases, connections, and is created, it is then compared and a
strength on two bars which the athlete winner is determined. There are also
will switch between then dismounts off. team awards for the three highest
*Beam- An event which you show a mix combined teams.
between grace and strength. You are
required to do skills such as flips, jumps, 16
turns, and leaps. 14
*Floor- An event which you perform a 8
routine to music including dance, 4
tumbling, leaps, and jumps. 2 Competitive
0 not at all
Events- 4, 7 Artistic gymnastics- A type of gymnastics
witch uses 4-6 events.
Olympics- 2, 3, 5, 6, 7
Bars- An event using strength and
Scores- 3, 4, 6 coordination.
All-around- 4, 5, 6, 7 Beam- An event using balance and strength.
Skills- 4, 7 Combined- Put together.
Connections – When two or more skills are put
Levels- 5, 7
together in a series.
Leaps- 4, 5
Leaps- When you take of one foot and land on
Heroes- 3 one foot.
Releases – When you release from the
apparatus then catch it again.
Turns- When you go in a circle in one
Start Value- The value or all of the skills in a
routine put together without deductions.
Pre-competitive- The level before competitive.
Gault, Jim “The World of Gymnastics”
Celestial Art Millbrae, California, 1936
Darice, Bailer “Solid Gold Gymnastics
Stars” Random House, Inc, N Y, 2000