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Extracurricular activities


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Impact of Extracurricular activities on INDUS UNIVERSITY

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Extracurricular activities

  1. 1. IMPACT OF EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES ON INDUS UNIVERSITY Business Research Methods Date: __________ Submitted by: Rida Ali __________ Submitted to: Sir Taha __________
  2. 2. Letter of acknowledgement I would like to express my deepest appreciation to all those who provided me the possibility to complete this report. A special gratitude I give to all the students of Indus University, whose contribution in filling up questionnaires and giving interviews , helped me to coordinate my project especially in writing this report. Furthermore I would also like to acknowledge with much appreciation the crucial role of my Parents, who always supported me and they are my source of motivation. Last but not the least, many thanks go to the Miss Soha who is the president of student council of Indus University During all the phases and stages of this report including analysis, writing and designing the report, I have gained very useful knowledge and experience with respect to composition and analyses of a report I have tried the best of my efforts to apply all the relevant concepts appropriately and properly to develop this report. I hope that the report will serve its purpose. I acknowledge your help and supportfor this report and I look forward to your feedback as it will be the most valuable feat for me in the entire process. Cordially, Rida Ali Executive summary
  3. 3. Indus University is a private sector university located at one of the prime locations in the city of Karachi and it is situated adjacent to a famous cricket ground, National Stadium, Karachi. Initially, it was established as the Indus Institute of Higher Education (IIHE) through a Legislative Act of Sindh Assembly on 28th November 2005 and assented by the Governor of Sindh on 07th January, 2006 by PNBMDC Foundation with an aim to strengthen and improve our country’s role of providing quality education and services which not only would enhance student’s caliber as individual but will improve the scenario of education as a whole. Indus University is also recognized by the Higher Education Commission (HEC) and placed in five stars category by the Charter Inspection and Evaluation Committee (CIEC) of the Government of Sindh. In 2016 Indus university opened new branch near II swords in Karachi .As it is new branch so that my teacher gave me the project to research on the topic “Impact of extracurricular activities on Indus University”, this research is only for the Clifton campus and all the date has only been collected from the students of Indus University in the form of questionnaires and interviews. Our report comprises different topics of research which are as follows ; aims and objectives of the report ,literature review, research background , research plan, research methodology, importance of the research ,data findings and analyzation, limitations of the research ,conclusion, recommendations ,references and appendix. After collecting all the data I have arrived on the conclusion that extracurricular activities have positive impact on Indus university but there are some weaknesses as well which if not being dealt properly on time by the management of Indus university can easily demotivate students which will definitely impact on the university as a whole. Table of contents
  4. 4. Chap Particulars Pg no: 1 1 Introduction 1 2 Aims and Objectives 1 3 2 Literature review 2 3.1  Benefits of ECA (Daley & Leahy) 2 3.2  Pragmatism ( john Dewey) 3 3.3  Five Cs , morrissey (2005) 6 4 3 Structure of the research 8 4.1  Importance of the Research 8 4.2  Ethical issues 9 4.3  Summary 10 5 Research Background 11 6 Research Methodology 12 7 Research Plan 13 8 4 Data collection 14 9 Findings and Analysis 16 10 5 Conclusion 16 11 Recommendation 17 12 Limitations 18 13 References 18 14 Transcript 19 15 Appendix 21 Chapter 1
  5. 5. 1.Introduction This report looks into the factors of extracurricular activities that impact the Indus university and suggest ways to promote positive impact on university Definitions: Rubin, Bommer, and Baldwin (2002) state, “One intuitive notion is that extracurricular activities are a place where students look to utilize, and perhaps refine and develop, their interpersonalskills.”(p. 443) Some researchers describe extracurricular activities through the use of synonyms, such as “non-academic endeavors”(Chia, 2005, p. 76) or “out-of-class experiences”(Nelson et al. 2002, p. 278). Barnett (2007) notes that “…schools encourage students to participate in various extracurricular activities, such as athletics, vocationalclubs, student government, newspapers and yearbooks,and specialinterestgroups” (p. 316). 2.Aims and objectives  To summarize findings through questionnaires and interviews taken from the students related to extracurricular activities  To draw conclusion on the basis of findings  To give recommendations on the basis of findings and our knowledge to help management focus on grey areas to implement better strategies in order to motivate students and maintain positive reputation of Indus university Chap 2
  6. 6. 3. Literature review 3.1BENEFITSOF EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES (DALEY & LEAHY,2003): One study in particular discussed how being involved in physical extracurricular activities that may actually improve self-perceptions. It is important to understand that participation in extracurricular physical activities may influence the mental well-being of young people by reducing stress, keeping fit and feeling overall better about their appearances (Daley & Leahy, 2003). Thosewho were involved in these activities reported significantly higher self-perceptions compared to those who did not participate. Daley and Leahy (2003) did a study involving 126 randomly selected children who were 8 or 9 years old, who participated in physical extracurricular activities. All of these participants were involved in some form of physical extracurricular activity organized by the schoolat least once per week either during lunchtime or after schoolhours. The second group consisted of 63 additional children who did not participate in physical activities. Thosewho had regular physical activity perceived themselves in a positive manner. What the researchers found was a positive association between participation in various forms of physical activity and positive self-perception (Daley & Leahy, 2003). It might also be suggested that participation can give adolescents confidence about their physical and perhaps social selves. Another important part of an adolescent's identity is social competence, and many report that socialization and friendships are important in their lives. When adolescents are in extracurricular activities, they often have greater opportunity to interact with others, develop friendships, and to develop social confidence. Also, participation might be interpreted as a sign of maturity and as a self-affirming behavior. The research showed that those who participated seemed to have 12 a developed sense of commitment and obligation. In conclusion, it was shown that those who participated in extracurricular physical activities had a higher self-perception than those who were not participants (Daley & Leahy, 2003) 3.2PRAGMATISM ( JOHN DEWEY)
  7. 7. INTRODUCTION: The man who introduced Pragmatism in Education is John Dewey. According to him, the real value of a thing lies in its utility for human development and welfare. Thus even education is useless if it does not promote human welfare and so the system of education should be changed so that it becomes both desirable and beneficial. Education should provide real life experiences to the learners so as to make them dynamic, resourceful efficient and enterprising. PRAGMATIC AIMS OF EDUCATION: The aim for education is to teach children to be comfortable in their learning environment to an extent that children are living their life. Dewey believed in this type of environment that is not considered a preparation for life, but life itself. He believed that educators should know the ideas and materials that motivate and interest children and plan accordingly. Dewey believed that aims should grow out of existing conditions, be tentative, and have an end view. In Democracy and education, he wrote that education is “that reconstruction or reorganization of experience which adds to the meaning of experience, and which increases ability to direct the courseof subsequent experience” (Agarwal et al, 2010). The aim that might be derived from the foregoing definition of education would include thehelping of the child to develop in such a way as to contribute to his continued growth (Agarwal et al, 2010). Some of the aims of education outlined by John Dewey (as cited in Khalid, 2005) are: Education must develop the power of effective experiencing. The pupil must be enabled to copewith the indeterminacies of life. Even the specific objectives should be focused, clear, concrete, practicable and oriented towards human welfare. Natural development should be taken to notice. This refers to the development of bodily organs and the maintenance of health and vigor. It also includes the development of physical skills that would be useful in games and play and other such activities. Individual differences should also be entertained during this training.
  8. 8. Social efficiency is another aim of education. Its function is to habituate an individual to social control, to develop a willingness to subordinate his natural urges to social desires. PRAGMATISM AND THE SCHOOL: The schoolserves as both, part of an environment as well as a man made environment which works to provide the best possible learning experiences to the students and that is why John Dewey calls a schoolas “Miniature society” and assets that “schools should be the true representatives of the society” (Singh, 200, p.187) where students experience all the activities in accordancewith their interests, aptitudes and capacities (Singh, 2007). 3.3FIVE CS OF POSITIVE ATTRIBUTES FOR YOUTH , MORRISSEY(2005) Morrissey (2005) describes positive youth development as encompassing five constructs:(1) competence in academic, social, and vocational areas; (2) confidence; (3) connection to family, community, and peers; (4) character; and (5) caring and compassion(cited in Roth, 2000). These are also known as the Five Cs of positive attributes for youth. By engaging in extracurricular activities, students may be required to maintain good grades in order to meet eligibility to participate in sports or cheerleading. Eligibility may motivate students to do their bestacademically in order to participate in the activity. Competing in a speechcontest, may help a student gain confidence, and being involved in a youth group or scouting organization may help the student develop character and connectwith the community. Finally, community service or volunteering might help a student project a caring and compassionattitude toward others. It is 5 important to understand exactly how each activity is impacting a student and what type of positive development is taking place. Chap 3
  9. 9. 4.Structure of the research 4.1 IMPORTANCE OF THE RESEARCH: This research is very important because the goal of this research is to gather findings and draw conclusion to show in front of the management of Indus university and provide recommendations to curtail internal weaknesses 4.2 ETHICAL ISSUES: During the collection of data via questionnaires and interviews I have faced ethical issues as a lot of students and teachers were reluctant to give their views and I couldn’t force them to give as it is their personal choice 4.3 SUMMARY: Chap 1: It comprises of definitions of the topic ,aims and objectives of the research to better understand the problem of the research. Chap 2: It comprises of theories of different writers to evaluate the complexity of the problem and get some knowledge from their research to draw conclusion accurately Chap3: It gives details about the research such as how important this research is for the university, ethical issues faced by the researcher and summary of all the chapters. It also indicates that this is causal research and duration of the research is two months. Chap4: It reflects all the data collected from the respondents and findings of data collected by the students and university on which conclusion and recommendations will be based on. Chap5:
  10. 10. Finally this chapter serves the purposeon which all above chapters were prepared. In this chapter conclusion will be drawn which is positive after collecting, summarizing and analyzing all the data gathered from the students. 5.Research background For the purpose of this research I used several ways to get knowledge of the topic, such as;  Internet  Books  Magazines  Interviews etc For this research I used following sample: Target population youngsters and adults below the age of 40 Sampling frame Students of Indus university(Clifton) Actual sample 100 respondents 6.Research methodology Data collected Primary data Type of research qualitative Kind of research causal CAUSAL RESEARCH: Causal Research explores the effect of one thing on another and more specifically, the effect of one variable on another. The research is used to measure what impact a specific change will have on existing norms and allows market researchers to predict hypothetical scenarios upon which a company can base its business plan. by DJS Research Ltd,26th July 2006. 7.Research plan
  11. 11. This research took two months to complete all the tasks with a lot of efforts during the class timings and after the classes. Chap 4 8.Data collection  Through questionnaires I found out that 47% of the students have participated in extracurricular activities  66% of the students like outdooractivities and only 34% students like indoor extracurricular activities  63% of the students like evening time to participate and only 37% like daytime  Out of many options written in questionnaire students prefer sports and picnic the most which are 61% and 52%  60% of the students strongly agree to the question that extracurricular activities are good for physical health and , 31% agree , 9% are neutral and 0% disagree and strongly disagree 33% of the students strongly agree to the question that extracurricular activities are good for better academic performance and , 49% agree , 14% are neutral, 4% disagree and 0% strongly disagree  35% of the students strongly agree to the question that extracurricular activities are responsible for personal grooming , 46% agree , 12% are neutral, 5% disagree and 2% strongly disagree  54% of the students strongly agree to the question that extracurricular activities booststudents’ confidence , 38% agree , 4% are neutral and disagree and 0% strongly disagree  4% of the students strongly agree to the question that extracurricular activities have negative impact on students and university , 11% agree , 29% are neutral and 44% disagree and 12% strongly disagree  39% of the students strongly agree to the question that Indus University should arrange more extracurricular activities, 37% agree , 14% are neutral, 7% disagree and 3% strongly disagree 9.Findings and analysis
  12. 12. No. of students participated in extracurricular activities in Indus University: Preference of students: Type of extracurricular activity(s) students prefer in Indus University: Yes 47%No 53% no. of students Evening 63% Daytime 37% no. of students
  13. 13. No of students think that extracurricular activities are good for physical health: 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 NO OF STUDENTS STRONGLY AGREE 60% AGREE 31% NEUTRAL 9% DISAGREE STRONGLY DISAGREE NO OF STUDENTS
  14. 14. No. of students think that extracurricular activities are responsible for better academic performance: No. of students think that extracurricular activities are responsible for personal grooming; 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 STRONGLY AGREE 33% AGREE 49% NEUTRAL 14% DISAGREE 4% STRONGLY DISAGREE 0% NO OF STUDENTS 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 STRONGLY AGREE 35% AGREE 46% NEUTRAL 12% DISAGREE 5% STRONGLY DISAGREE 2% NO OF STUDENTS
  15. 15. No. of students think that extracurricular activities boost students’ confidence: 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 STRONGLY AGREE 54% AGREE 38% NEUTRAL 4% DISAGREE 4% STRONGLY DISAGREE 0% NO OF STUDENTS
  16. 16. No of students think that extracurricular activities have negative impact on students No of students think that there should be more extracurricular activities on Indus University: 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 STRONGLY AGREE 39% AGREE 37% NEUTRAL 14% DISAGREE 7% STRONGLY DISAGREE 3% NO OF STUDENTS 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 STRONGLY AGREE 4% AGREE 11% NEUTRAL 29% DISAGREE 44% STRONGLY DISAGREE 12% NO OF STUDENTS
  17. 17. Chap 5 10.CONCLUSION According to questionnaires filled by students I can conclude that most of the students think that extracurricular activities have positive impact on students and Indus University. Students think that extracurricular activities are good for physical health, better academic performance, students’ personal grooming and booststudents confidence.76% students wants more extracurricular activities in Indus university. Moreover most of the students prefer sports and picnic among all the activities. 11.Recommendations On the basis of findings and conclusion I would recommend that;  Information about events and activities such as: dinner and picnics etc should be publicize on a large scale to ensure that information has reached to all the students of Indus University.  There should be more extracurricular activities in future  Management should frequently ask from students their advices and their feedbacks  There should be activities according to the weaknesses of students to overcome their weaknesses  There should be more outdoorand evening time extracurricular activities  Management should focus more on sports and picnics. 12.Limitations
  18. 18.  There was a language barrier, many students whose English is not good found difficulty in understanding questions  Due to Ramadan many students were absent  Students were not enthusiastic to fill questionnaires due to fasting  Students were reluctant to give their opinions not to exposetheir identities 13.References (American psychological association) Rubin, Bommer, and Baldwin (2002) Chia, 2005, p. 76 Nelson et al. 2002, p. 278 Barnett (2007) pg.316 Daley, A., & Leahy, J. (2003). Self-perceptions and participation in extracurricular physical activities. The Physical Educator, 60(2), 13-19. JOHN DEWEY Agarwal, S., Bansal, S. & Maheshwari, V. K. (2010). Pragmatism and education. Retreived from Morrissey, K. (2005). The relationship between out-of-schoolactivities and positive youth development: An investigation of the influences of communities and family. Adolescence, 40,67-85. 14.Transcript First interview with Miss Adeela
  19. 19. Location: Indus University Date: 17th June 2017 Time: 12:25 Researcher:You are teaching in Indus University as well as in other universities, what impact do you think extracurricular activities have on students? Miss Adeela: Extracurricular activities develop sportsman spirit the way that they don’tfeel demotivated when they fail and they think that there is always a next time. Theory based doesn’tshow intellect. Through extracurricular activities students explore their true talent and get to know how creative they are moreover it gives them open environment. So extracurricular activities play part in:  Career development  Personality development Second interview with Rehana Location: Indus University Date: 17th June 2017 Time: 12:35 Researcher:Have you ever participated in any extracurricular activity arranged by Indus University? And are you satisfied with the arrangements? Rehana:Yes! I have attended dinner and it was an amazing evening. I want to participate in more extracurricular activities in future. Third interview with Salman Location: Indus University
  20. 20. Date: 17th June 2017 Time: 12:30 Researcher:Are you satisfied with the extracurricular activities arranged by Indus university? And do you think there are any negative impacts of extracurricular activities on Indus University? Salman: I guess Indus university arrange such events but they are not upto mark , students don’tget information about such events like I am from MBA weekend program I get information very late so that it should be on wide scale. Second if I talk about negativity I don’tthink there is any negative impact of extracurricular activities although I think there should be more extracurricular activities because the more students get involved the more their learning power will enhance. Fourth interview with fahmida Bhatti Location: Indus University Date: 17th June 2017 Time: 12:10 Researcher:what other activities would you like to experience in future except written in questionnaire? Fahmida Bhatti: I would like to experience events such as, Eid Milan party after exams and I think it would be a good idea to have Iftar party during Ramadan except these there should be indoor games for girls to motivate girls, presentations, competitions and there should be activities according to students’ weaknesses such as presentations skills. 15.Appendix
  21. 21. Topic: Impact of extracurricular activities on Indus University Business Research Methods Teacher: Sir Taha Name of a respondent: ___________________ Program: ___________________ Gender: Male Female Q1: Have you ever participated in extracurricular activity in Indus University? Yes No Q2: What type of extracurricular activity would you prefer? Indoor outdoor Q3: What time of extracurricular activity would you prefer? Evening day time Q4: Which type of extracurricular activity would you prefer? Sports Picnic Dinner Concert Competition Social Others Q5: Do you think extracurricular activities are good for physical health? Strongly agree Agree Neutral QUESTIONNAIRES
  22. 22. Disagree Strongly disagree Q6: Are extracurricular activities responsible for better academic performance? Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree Q7: Are extracurricular activities responsible for personal grooming? Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree Q8: Do extracurricular activities boost students’ confidence? Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree Q9: Do you think extracurricular activity has negative impact on students? Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree
  23. 23. Q10: Should Indus Universityhave more extracurricular activities? Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree