Top 2 unit 5 - infinitive-ing

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Top 2 unit 5 - infinitive-ing

  1. 1. ING ? INFINITIVE?<br />OR BOTH?<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li> -ING FORM :</li></ul> Verb + ing<br />DOING/SINGING/PLAYING<br /><ul><li>INFINITIVE FORM :</li></ul>TO DO/ TO SING/ TO PLAY<br />
  3. 3. INFINITIVE<br />CERTAIN VERBS ARE FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVE:- forget, help, learn, teach, train- choose, expect, hope, need, offer, want, would like- agree, encourage, pretend, promise, recommend- allow, can/can't afford, decide, manage, mean, refuse<br />
  4. 4. INFINITIVE<br />EXAMPLES:<br />I DECIDED TO STUDY HARDER THIS SEMESTER.<br />I WANT TO BE A DOCTOR.<br />I WOULD LIKE TO GO TO LONDON ON MY NEXT VACATION.<br />
  5. 5. -ING FORM<br />CERTAIN VERBS ARE FOLLOWED BY THE –ING - avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, give up, mind/not mind<br />
  6. 6. -ING FORM<br />EXAMPLES:<br />I DON’T MIND WAKING UP EARLY.<br />I ENJOY TAKING CARE OF ANIMALS.<br />JANET HAS FINISHED DOING HOMEWORK.<br />
  7. 7. -ING FORM<br />THE -ING FORM IS USED AFTER PREPOSITIONS:<br />Thinking of, look forward to<br />EXAMPLES:<br />JOHN IS THINKING OF CHANGING JOBS.<br />HANNAH LOOKS FORWARD TO GRADUATING FROM HIGH SCHOOL.<br />
  8. 8. -ING FORM/INFINITIVE<br />SOME VERBS CAN BE FOLLOWED BY THE -ING FORM OR THE INFINITIVE WITHOUT A CHANGE IN MEANING: <br />begin, continue, hate, like, love, prefer, start.<br /><ul><li>KEN STARTED TO DO THE TEST AT TWO.
  9. 9. KEN STARTED DOING THE TEST AT TWO.</li></li></ul><li>-ING FORM/INFINITIVE<br />SOME VERBS CAN BE FOLLOWED BY THE -ING FORM OR THE INFINITIVE, BUT THERE IS A CHANGE IN MEANING: <br /><ul><li>JACK STOPPED SMOKING.</li></ul>(HE DOESN’T SMOKE ANYMORE.)<br /><ul><li>JACK STOPPED TO SMOKE.</li></ul>(HE STOPPED WHATEVER HE WAS DOING TO SMOKE.)<br />

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