Research in Metaphors of Leadership

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Research in Metaphors of Leadership

  1. 1. METAPHOR on leadership analysis
  2. 2. Today, we’re going to present…
  3. 3. Today, we’re going to present… METAPHORs In leadership
  4. 4. USING SPSSto analyze the result that we got
  5. 5. VALIDITY check
  6. 6. Organization Metaphor Leadership Role Valid 100 100Missing 0 0 VALID 100%
  7. 7. analysis
  8. 8. Organization metaphor
  9. 9. Organization Metaphor Cumulative Frequency Percent Valid Percent Percent Ship 15 15.0 15.0 15.0 Big Family 34 34.0 34.0 49.0 Big Machine 7 7.0 7.0 56.0 Organism 7 7.0 7.0 63.0 Group of People 7 7.0 7.0 70.0 Working Groups 6 6.0 6.0 76.0Valid Dynasty 2 2.0 2.0 78.0 Soccer Team 5 5.0 5.0 83.0 Orchestra 7 7.0 7.0 90.0 Army 5 5.0 5.0 95.0 Big Family 1 1.0 1.0 96.0 Others 4 4.0 4.0 100.0 Total 100 100.0 100.0
  10. 10. Leadership role
  11. 11. Leadership Role Cumulative Frequency Percent Valid Percent Percent Army General 4 4.0 4.0 4.0 Conductor 6 6.0 6.0 10.0 Helmsman 2 2.0 2.0 12.0 Ship Captain 8 8.0 8.0 20.0 Tour Guide 2 2.0 2.0 22.0 Coach 5 5.0 5.0 27.0 Meaning Maker 2 2.0 2.0 29.0 Head of Family 29 29.0 29.0 58.0Valid Hero 1 1.0 1.0 59.0 Coach 4 4.0 4.0 63.0 Mentor 11 11.0 11.0 74.0 Educator / Teacher 3 3.0 3.0 77.0 Guide 7 7.0 7.0 84.0 Knight 1 1.0 1.0 85.0 Shepherd 6 6.0 6.0 91.0 Others 9 9.0 9.0 100.0 Total 100 100.0 100.0
  12. 12. Business type
  13. 13. Types of Industry Cumulative Frequency Percent Valid Percent Percent Manufacturing 14 14.0 14.0 14.0 Trading 14 14.0 14.0 28.0 Non Profit Organization 12 12.0 12.0 40.0 Government Organization 8 8.0 8.0 48.0Valid Service Business 19 19.0 19.0 67.0 Religious Organization 16 16.0 16.0 83.0 Others 16 16.0 16.0 99.0 8 1 1.0 1.0 100.0 Total 100 100.0 100.0
  14. 14. 1. Big Family = Head of Family2. Mostly in service business Logical
  15. 15. Crosstabulation
  16. 16. Organization metaphor
  17. 17. Organization Metaphor * Gender Cross tabulation Gender Total Male Female Ship 11 4 15 Big Family 23 11 34 Big Machine 5 2 7 Organism 6 1 7 Group of People 3 4 7 Working Groups 3 3 6Organization Metaphor Dynasty 0 2 2 Soccer Team 4 1 5 Orchestra 7 0 7 Army 3 2 5 Big Family 1 0 1 Others 3 1 4 Total 69 31 100
  18. 18. Big Family metaphor was mostly chosen by Male related
  19. 19. Organization Metaphor * Age Cross tabulation Age Total 20-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-45 46-50 >50 Ship 3 4 1 1 1 0 5 15 Big Family 2 4 4 6 6 7 5 34 Big Machine 1 1 0 2 1 1 1 7 Organism 2 0 0 1 2 0 2 7 Group of People 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 7 Working Groups 2 0 1 1 0 1 1 6Organization Metaphor Dynasty 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 Soccer Team 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 5 Orchestra 0 1 0 1 1 1 3 7 Army 0 0 1 2 0 1 1 5 Big Family 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Others 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 4 Total 14 14 8 16 15 13 20 100
  20. 20. Big Family metaphor was mostly chosen by 46 - 50 years related
  21. 21. Organization Metaphor * Length of Work Cross tabulation Length of Work Total <1 - 5 years 5 - 10 years 10 - 15 years 15 - 25 years Ship 6 4 2 3 15 Big Family 10 8 11 5 34 Big Machine 2 1 3 1 7 Organism 2 2 2 1 7 Group of People 3 2 1 1 7 Working Groups 2 2 2 0 6Organization Metaphor Dynasty 0 1 0 1 2 Soccer Team 4 1 0 0 5 Orchestra 2 2 2 1 7 Army 2 1 1 1 5 Big Family 1 0 0 0 1 Others 2 1 1 0 4 Total 36 25 25 14 100
  22. 22. Big Family metaphor was chosen bypeople who have 10 – 15 years work experience related
  23. 23. Organization Metaphor * Types of Industry Cross tabulation Types of Industry Non Govern Religious Manufact Profit ment Service Total Trading Organiza Others 8 uring Organiza Organiza Business tion tion tion Ship 0 2 1 3 4 3 1 1 15 Big Family 6 1 7 1 3 9 7 0 34 Big Machine 4 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 7 Organism 1 2 0 0 2 0 2 0 7 Group of People 1 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 7Organization Working Groups 1 1 1 1 2 0 0 0 6 Metaphor Dynasty 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 Soccer Team 1 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 5 Orchestra 0 2 0 1 2 2 0 0 7 Army 0 1 0 2 1 0 1 0 5 Big Family 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 Others 0 0 1 0 0 1 2 0 4 Total 14 14 12 8 19 16 16 1 100
  24. 24. Big Family metaphor was chosen bypeople who worked in religious organization related
  25. 25. Leadership role
  26. 26. Leadership Role * Gender Cross tabulation Gender Total Male Female Army General 2 2 4 Conductor 6 0 6 Helmsman 2 0 2 Ship Captain 6 2 8 Tour Guide 1 1 2 Coach 2 3 5 Meaning Maker 1 1 2Leadership Role Head of Family 20 9 29 Hero 1 0 1 Coach 3 1 4 Mentor 6 5 11 Educator / Teacher 3 0 3 Guide 4 3 7 Knight 1 0 1 Shepherd 5 1 6 Others 6 3 9 Total 69 31 100
  27. 27. Head of Family metaphor was mostly chosen by Male related
  28. 28. Leadership Role * Age Cross tabulation Age Total 20-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-45 46-50 >50 Army General 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 4 Conductor 0 1 0 1 0 1 3 6 Helmsman 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 Ship Captain 0 4 0 1 0 0 3 8 Tour Guide 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 Coach 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 5 Meaning Maker 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2Leadership Role Head of Family 3 5 2 4 6 6 3 29 Hero 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 Coach 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 4 Mentor 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 11 Educator / Teacher 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 3 Guide 1 1 0 1 1 0 3 7 Knight 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 Shepherd 2 0 2 1 1 0 0 6 Others 2 1 1 3 1 0 1 9 Total 14 14 8 16 15 13 20 100
  29. 29. Head of Family metaphor was mostly chosen by 41-50 years old related
  30. 30. Leadership Role * Length of Work Cross tabulation Length of Work Total <1 - 5 years 5 -10 years 10 - 15 years 15 - 25 years Army General 2 0 1 1 4 Conductor 2 1 2 1 6 Helmsman 1 0 0 1 2 Ship Captain 1 3 2 2 8 Tour Guide 1 1 0 0 2 Coach 3 2 0 0 5 Meaning Maker 1 0 0 1 2Leadership Role Head of Family 11 5 9 4 29 Hero 0 0 1 0 1 Coach 0 2 2 0 4 Mentor 4 4 2 1 11 Educator / Teacher 1 1 0 1 3 Guide 2 1 3 1 7 Knight 0 0 1 0 1 Shepherd 4 1 1 0 6 Others 3 4 1 1 9 Total 36 25 25 14 100
  31. 31. Head of the Family metaphor was chosen bypeople who have 10 – 15 years work experience related
  32. 32. Leadership Role * Types of Industry Cross tabulation Types of Industry Non Governme Religious Manufactu Profit nt Service Trading Organizati Others 8 Total ring Organizati Organizati Business on on on Army General 0 1 0 2 0 0 1 0 4 Conductor 0 2 0 1 2 1 0 0 6 Helmsman 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 Ship Captain 1 1 0 2 3 1 0 0 8 Tour Guide 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 Coach 1 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 5 Meaning Maker 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 2Leadership Head of Family 5 1 6 0 4 5 8 0 29 Role Hero 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 Coach 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 4 Mentor 2 1 1 0 2 2 3 0 11 Educator / Teacher 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 3 Guide 1 2 1 0 2 1 0 0 7 Knight 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Shepherd 0 0 2 0 1 3 0 0 6 Others 2 0 1 1 3 0 2 0 9 Total 14 14 12 8 19 16 16 1 100
  33. 33. Head of the Family metaphor was mostly chosen by people who worked in miscellaneous organization related
  34. 34. conclusion
  35. 35. Organization metaphor
  36. 36. Big Family metaphor was mostly chosen by • Male • 46 - 50 years old • have 10 – 15 years work experience • worked in religious organization
  37. 37. Leadership role
  38. 38. Head of Family metaphor was mostly chosen by • Male • 41-50 years old • have 10 – 15 years work experience • worked in miscellaneous organization
  39. 39. Anyquestions?
  40. 40. We’re done!

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