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What Shapes Jewish Identity?
Outline
 What is Jewish Identity?
 How did it develop?
 What shapes it today?
 What is our response?
What is Jewish identity?
 Unpacking the question
– An issue with an agenda
– Like the question “Who is a Jew?”
1. Surviva...
Why is it important?
“The source of so many failures in
evangelical efforts to „convert‟ Jews
is the narrow fundamentalist...
Defining personal identity
 How is individual
identity formed?
 How does
religious identity
develop?
Erikson's 8 Ages
0-...
What is ethnic identity?
 A social way of organising cultural
difference
 A combination of ancestry, territory,
language...
What is Jewish identity?
 Religious, ethnic or both?
 “A multiplexed phenomenon moving in
a variety of historical as wel...
Jewish Identity Stages
 Covenant 2000-1250
 Settlement 1250-500
 Rabbinism 500-500
 Diaspora 500-1800
 Emancipation 1...
World Jewish Population
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
1700 1800 1900 1940 2000
Year
Millions
Actual
Projected
World, Israel and Diaspora Population
“Core and Peripheral Jews”
1
3
2
4
1. Jews
2. Non-Jewish
family of 1.
3. “Former Jews”
4. Non-Jewish
family of 3.
USA Denominational Links
Types of Jewish Identity
 Normative/Traditional 2 million
 Ethnicity/Communal 6 million
 Cultural Residue 4 million
 D...
Seven Factors
 Population
 Geography
– Diaspora/Israel Immigration
 Politics
 Religion
 Postmodernity
 Messianic mov...
Conclusion
 Jewish identity both
religious and ethnic
 All identity flawed
without the Messiah
 See Him clearly before
...
“What shapes Jewish Identity?”
is available at
www.mmjt.eu
Copies of the paper are available from the
Lausanne Consultatio...
What shapes Jewish idenitity?
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What shapes Jewish idenitity?

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What shapes Jewish Identity
Paper available at http://blog.mappingmessianicjewishtheology.eu/search/identity

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What shapes Jewish idenitity?

  1. 1. What Shapes Jewish Identity?
  2. 2. Outline  What is Jewish Identity?  How did it develop?  What shapes it today?  What is our response?
  3. 3. What is Jewish identity?  Unpacking the question – An issue with an agenda – Like the question “Who is a Jew?” 1. Survival 2. Religion 3. Defence
  4. 4. Why is it important? “The source of so many failures in evangelical efforts to „convert‟ Jews is the narrow fundamentalist definition of what constitutes Jewishness” (Horowitz - Jewish Survival)
  5. 5. Defining personal identity  How is individual identity formed?  How does religious identity develop? Erikson's 8 Ages 0-2 Trust 2-4 Autonomy 4-6 Initiative 6-12 Industry 13-19 IDENTITY 20-30 Intimacy 30-60 Responsibility 65-? Integrity
  6. 6. What is ethnic identity?  A social way of organising cultural difference  A combination of ancestry, territory, language and culture  Identity markers shift
  7. 7. What is Jewish identity?  Religious, ethnic or both?  “A multiplexed phenomenon moving in a variety of historical as well as structural directions”
  8. 8. Jewish Identity Stages  Covenant 2000-1250  Settlement 1250-500  Rabbinism 500-500  Diaspora 500-1800  Emancipation 1800-1945  Postmodernity 1945-1999
  9. 9. World Jewish Population 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 1700 1800 1900 1940 2000 Year Millions Actual Projected
  10. 10. World, Israel and Diaspora Population
  11. 11. “Core and Peripheral Jews” 1 3 2 4 1. Jews 2. Non-Jewish family of 1. 3. “Former Jews” 4. Non-Jewish family of 3.
  12. 12. USA Denominational Links
  13. 13. Types of Jewish Identity  Normative/Traditional 2 million  Ethnicity/Communal 6 million  Cultural Residue 4 million  Dual Jewish/Non-Jewish 1 million
  14. 14. Seven Factors  Population  Geography – Diaspora/Israel Immigration  Politics  Religion  Postmodernity  Messianic movement  Messiah
  15. 15. Conclusion  Jewish identity both religious and ethnic  All identity flawed without the Messiah  See Him clearly before we see ourselves
  16. 16. “What shapes Jewish Identity?” is available at www.mmjt.eu Copies of the paper are available from the Lausanne Consultation on Jewish Evangelism email: lcje-int@post3.tele.dk

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