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Helsinki Consultation
Richard Harvey
www.mmjt.eu
Towards a
Post-Religious and Post-Secular
Messianic Jewish Understanding
of
"Authority, Freedom, and Tradition
in the life...
Outline
• Unpacking the question
– what is tradition?
• Christian tradition
• Jewish tradition
• Tradition, Traditionalism...
Tradition
• Paradosis
• Masoret
• Torah she’b’al peh
Macintyre’s dynamic definition
A tradition is an argument
extended through time in which
certain fundamental agreements
ar...
Thompson’s 4 facets of tradition
• Hermeneutic
• Normative
• Legitimating
• Identity forming
Streams of
Christian
Tradition
1545 -Tradition in Triento -1475
Sea of Halacha
What does it
mean to be
Jewish?
What is
compatible
with being
Jewish?
Branches of Judaism
Sack’s Proposal
• Exclusivism
• Pluralism
• Inclusivism
• Orthodox
Inclusivism
Israeli Identity
Factors shaping perception of Jewish
Identity
(1)the Jewish
religion,
(2) the Holocaust,
(3) the State of
Israel and Zioni...
Mittleberg’s Paradigm of Jewish peoplehood
a) sense of personal closeness to other Jews
b) sense of shared fate
c) sense o...
Components of Jewish Peoplehood
Israeli Traditionism
• davening on Shabbat
morning and then
driving to the beach in
the afternoon.
• Ortho-secular
• Const...
Messianic Jews
and Traditon(s)
• Two absent,
divorced parents
• Abandoned
• Isolated
• Threatened
• Creative
Messianic Jewish Tradition
• Abandon (Maoz)
• Adapt (Nerel)
• Adopt (Juster)
• Accept (Kinzer)
Messianic Jewish Catholicity
• MJRC’s halacha
• Michael Brown’s
hymns
• Israeli expressions
Why “traditionism”
• Jewish tradition is your home, it’s
your roots, your sense of belonging
to where you are. A person ca...
Israeli Traditionism
• “Traditionism is being
Israeli, because here
people don’t need to go
to synagogue to be
Jewish.” (B...
Between Orthodox and Secular
• You see so many fun things [in the
secular world], and you know that
the orthodox are missi...
The reasons for choosing traditionism
and their meaning
• a complex system of
identification and
meaning
• sense of histor...
national and historical duty
• “God? To me that does not play a
role. To me tradition is for
tradition’s sake. I want to c...
Connection to the roots
• “I keep kosher because my
mother’s family kept kosher and
because another six million died
for k...
Contribution of MJTrad to Ecumenism
• To Judaism – 7th branch
• To Xty – heal original
schism
• Bring denominations
togeth...
Lack of method?
• One of the main difficulties in
understanding the traditionist
way of life lies with its
perceived incoh...
Ethno-national and communal
identification
• traditionist practice can
be described as guided by
the desire to conserve
au...
Streams of Messianic Judaism
• UMJC
• MJAA
Traditions in Messianic Judaism
• MJRC – Halakah and
Messianic Judaism
• Tradition acts as a measure of validity and propriety for a
community’s faith insofar as it represents a consensus of fa...
Rosenzweig’s Nihil
Tradition and Self in a Mediated World
Four Facets of Tradition
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
Messianic Jewish Traditionism?
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Messianic Jewish Traditionism?

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Towards a Post-Religious and Post-Secular Messianic Jewish Understanding of "Authority, Freedom, and Tradition in the life of Jewish Disciples of Yeshua" with Reference to Contemporary Israeli Traditionism

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Messianic Jewish Traditionism?

  1. 1. Helsinki Consultation Richard Harvey www.mmjt.eu
  2. 2. Towards a Post-Religious and Post-Secular Messianic Jewish Understanding of "Authority, Freedom, and Tradition in the life of Jewish Disciples of Yeshua" with Reference to Contemporary Israeli Traditionism
  3. 3. Outline • Unpacking the question – what is tradition? • Christian tradition • Jewish tradition • Tradition, Traditionalism, Traditionism • Messianic Jewish Tradition • Towards Messianic Jewish traditionism • Key Questions
  4. 4. Tradition • Paradosis • Masoret • Torah she’b’al peh
  5. 5. Macintyre’s dynamic definition A tradition is an argument extended through time in which certain fundamental agreements are defined and redefined in terms of two kinds of conflicts: those with critics and enemies external to the tradition who reject all or at least key parts of those fundamental agreements, and those internal, interpretive debates through which the meaning and rationale of the fundamental agreements come to be expressed and by those whose progress a tradition is constituted. • MacIntyre 1988:12 in Yadgar 2011:14.
  6. 6. Thompson’s 4 facets of tradition • Hermeneutic • Normative • Legitimating • Identity forming
  7. 7. Streams of Christian Tradition
  8. 8. 1545 -Tradition in Triento -1475
  9. 9. Sea of Halacha
  10. 10. What does it mean to be Jewish?
  11. 11. What is compatible with being Jewish?
  12. 12. Branches of Judaism
  13. 13. Sack’s Proposal • Exclusivism • Pluralism • Inclusivism • Orthodox Inclusivism
  14. 14. Israeli Identity
  15. 15. Factors shaping perception of Jewish Identity (1)the Jewish religion, (2) the Holocaust, (3) the State of Israel and Zionism (4) Israel/Diaspora relationship
  16. 16. Mittleberg’s Paradigm of Jewish peoplehood a) sense of personal closeness to other Jews b) sense of shared fate c) sense of responsibility for and commitment to other Jews and their communities d) possession of the cultural knowledge and skills necessary to feel at home within Jewish culture(s) e) engagement in local and global social networks with depth and meaning f) involvement in practices that signify and realize the above.
  17. 17. Components of Jewish Peoplehood
  18. 18. Israeli Traditionism • davening on Shabbat morning and then driving to the beach in the afternoon. • Ortho-secular • Constant negotiation • Values implicit – family, spirituality, identity
  19. 19. Messianic Jews and Traditon(s) • Two absent, divorced parents • Abandoned • Isolated • Threatened • Creative
  20. 20. Messianic Jewish Tradition • Abandon (Maoz) • Adapt (Nerel) • Adopt (Juster) • Accept (Kinzer)
  21. 21. Messianic Jewish Catholicity • MJRC’s halacha • Michael Brown’s hymns • Israeli expressions
  22. 22. Why “traditionism” • Jewish tradition is your home, it’s your roots, your sense of belonging to where you are. A person cannot live in a vacuum. I think it’s a shame for those who do not hold on to the tradition. Their life seems pretty empty to me.(Tamar in Yadgar 2011:51) • I have a Jewish soul. I have something in my soul that will not leave me. And it’s not a bother that will not leave me, it is something I love very much . . . I am proud, I go to synagogue gladly, because I want to. And when I go to the pool on Saturday [forbidden according to the Orthodox interpretation of Jewish Law], I also go because I want to. I don’t like complete secularity. • (Sigal)
  23. 23. Israeli Traditionism • “Traditionism is being Israeli, because here people don’t need to go to synagogue to be Jewish.” (Batya p53)
  24. 24. Between Orthodox and Secular • You see so many fun things [in the secular world], and you know that the orthodox are missing it, not because it is forbidden, but because it [orthodoxy] is a wrong conception. Religion got stuck somewhere. I think I have an advantage over them [the orthodox], because I know things they don’t know. I know the secular world. They are stuck in halachic dictates, some of which are correct, and some stemming from fear and conservatism. I am against conservatism. That is the point. Develop! This is where traditionism is – find your way in which you are also religious and on the other hand continue living. • (Tehila) 56:2011
  25. 25. The reasons for choosing traditionism and their meaning • a complex system of identification and meaning • sense of historical commitment and collective identity • to conserve and reaffirm one’s Jewish identity • Emotions as reasons • Sense of duty
  26. 26. national and historical duty • “God? To me that does not play a role. To me tradition is for tradition’s sake. I want to carry on a 3,800-year-old tradition; I don’t want it to stop here. I think the people of Israel is a unique people, who have given a lot to the world, a lot of that due to the heritage received which makes this people what it is, consolidated it into a people. One can always be epicurean, leave Judaism and assimilate, but people chose to hold on to Judaism “ (Reuben 60:2011)
  27. 27. Connection to the roots • “I keep kosher because my mother’s family kept kosher and because another six million died for keeping kosher” (Meir) • It is conservation. I see it as an alliance with my antecedents, preserving the tradition they began, and continuity. And so it is some sort of connection to the roots ... I am like a tree ... a tree has roots. There is nothing that can be done about that; it has to be connected to its roots. So I am connected to my roots. I was born a Jew and I shall die a Jew, unless I break it in some way. (Tom 60)
  28. 28. Contribution of MJTrad to Ecumenism • To Judaism – 7th branch • To Xty – heal original schism • Bring denominations together • Celebrate shabbat
  29. 29. Lack of method? • One of the main difficulties in understanding the traditionist way of life lies with its perceived incoherence or lack of orderly method. That which seems to many to be selective observance is also commonly seen as symptomatic of the lack of a guiding, uniting, underlying logic. It is most definitely seen as being without a “method”, a systematic code to clearly explain which (religious) practices are observed and which are neglected. (67)
  30. 30. Ethno-national and communal identification • traditionist practice can be described as guided by the desire to conserve authentic Jewish identity in a contemporary setting. The traditionist body of practices and beliefs answers to a behavioral code based upon ethno-national and communal identification. (68)
  31. 31. Streams of Messianic Judaism • UMJC • MJAA
  32. 32. Traditions in Messianic Judaism • MJRC – Halakah and Messianic Judaism
  33. 33. • Tradition acts as a measure of validity and propriety for a community’s faith insofar as it represents a consensus of faith. The various traditions that presently make claims upon us may contain conflicting images and insights of truth and validity. We examine such conflicts in light of Scripture, reflecting critically upon the doctrinal stance of our Church. • It is by the discerning use of our standards and in openness to emerging forms of Christian identity that we attempt to maintain fidelity to the apostolic faith. • At the same time, we continue to draw on the broader Christian tradition as an expression of the history of divine grace within which Christians are able to recognize and welcome one another in love.
  34. 34. Rosenzweig’s Nihil
  35. 35. Tradition and Self in a Mediated World Four Facets of Tradition

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