The Colonia of Philippi 12 From there we travelled to Philippi, a Roman colony and the leading city of that district of Macedonia. And we stayed there several days.
Philippi’s Social Makeup 15,000 Romans Greeks Slaves Roman Elite 3% -‐ 450 0% 7% -‐ 1050 Peasant Colonists 10% 10% 5% Service Groups 9% 28% -‐ Lydia 8% -‐ Prophetess Poor 6% 14% 0% Total 28% (4,200) 52% (7,800) 20% (3,000)
Philippi’s Spiritual Makeup • Honour, status and power clearly deﬁned • Royalty, priesthood, luxury and power all linked • Worship is personal, domes[c, public and poli[cal
The Purple Lady 14 One of those listening was a woman from the city of Thya[ra named Lydia, a dealer in purple cloth. She was a worshipper of God. The Lord (kurios) opened her heart to respond to Paul’s message.
Lydia • 1st European Chris[an • Woman of inﬂuence • Host and patron
Lydia • 1st European Chris[an • Woman of inﬂuence • Host and patron • GLF leader
The slave-‐girl prophetess • Possessed by “python spirit” • Possession of her owners • Proﬁt from false prophecy • Proclaims distorted truth • Power encounter produces opposi[on
Outside the City Gate 13 On the Sabbath we went outside the city gate to the river, where we expected to ﬁnd a place of prayer. We sat down and began to speak to the women who had gathered there.
The LORD opened Lydia’s heart • What did she and Paul talk about? • Life? • Business? • Devo[on to God? • Knowing Jesus?
The Purple Process 1. Rubia/madder plant from Thya?ra? 2. Kermes-‐oak insect? 3. Murex from Tyre? – Murex shells crushed – Excreted ﬂuids processed – Dye made – Cloth soaked – Stench and stains – Togas for Royalty – Picture of Christ?
Lydia – the Purple Lady • Passionate for her product • Passionate for people • Passionate for God
People of Inﬂuence • Ac[vists • Connected • Impact • Ac[ve minds • Trendseeers
“The Highest God” • 17 She followed Paul and the rest of us, shou[ng, “These men are servants of the Most High God, who are telling you the way to be saved.” • tou theou tou hupsistou • ‘odon soterias
Mission and business? • 18 .., “In the name of Jesus Christ I command you to come out of her!” At that moment the spirit lei her. 19 When her owners realised that their hope of making money (ergasia) was gone,.. The quadruple boJom line: spiritual, economical, social and environmental transforma?on.
Advoca[ng unlawful customs • 20 “These men are Jews, and are throwing our city into an uproar (21) by advoca[ng customs unlawful for us Romans to accept or prac[ce.”
Work, Witness and Worship • God’s work • Paul’s work • Lydia’s work • The prophetess • Our work
What is Mission? • Our commieed par[cipa[on • as God’s people, • at God’s invita[on and command, • in God’s own mission • within the history of God’s world for the redemp[on of God’s crea[on. • Christopher J. H. Wright, The Mission of God: Unlocking the Bibles Grand Narra?ve (Downer’s Wood: IVP, 2006), 23.
Inﬂuence in and through the workplace • God uses us • In the workplace • To transform the workplace • The whole world is His workplace • Our mission is to be His co-‐workers