Collaborative student learning in chemistry

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Using the jigsaw technique in Chemistry.

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Collaborative student learning in chemistry

  1. 1. Collaborative Student Learning in Chemistry Using the Jigsaw Technique in theChemistry classroomto enhance learning by Richard Zahra R. Zahra 1
  2. 2. Our Shared Goal:To try out new and more effectiveChemistry teaching strategies (within oursystem constraints) in order to motivateour students to learn and turn our labsinto more effective learning communitieswhere students of different abilities aregiven the opportunity to achieve their fullpotential. R. Zahra 2
  3. 3. By the end of the module you should be able to:Define the Jigsaw learning technique.Explain the educational benefits thatcollaborative learning methods such asJigsaw bring about. R. Zahra 3
  4. 4. By the end of the module you should be able to:Explain how the Jigsaw technique can beapplied to the Chemistry classroomeffectively.Analyse a real classroom situation inwhich Jigsaw was tried out and reflect onand evaluate its effectiveness. R. Zahra 4
  5. 5. By the end of the module you should be able to:Adopt a positive attitude towards theintroduction (trial) of the Jigsaw techniquein your Chemistry classroom afterevaluating its effectiveness.Apply the Jigsaw technique to your theChemistry classroom as an alternative to(often ineffective) transmission teachingof information-laden topics. R. Zahra 5
  6. 6. Points to Ponder 1 Superteacher Do you feel that it is often taken for granted that we teachers are very familiar with differentiated teaching but that in reality weKnows itall lack expertise and experience? R. Zahra 6
  7. 7. Points to Ponder 2Do you honestlybelieve thatdifferentiated andcollaborativelearningtechniques canbe feasiblyimplementedwithin theconstraints of ourlocal system? R. Zahra 7
  8. 8. Points to Ponder 3Is collaborative learning worth usingin the Chemistry classroom? Why? R. Zahra 8
  9. 9. Benefits of Collaborative LearningIf students are to make sense of scientificand mathematical concepts, then they willneed opportunities to share, discuss andwork together. R. Zahra 9
  10. 10. Benefits of Collaborative LearningResearch has shownthat cooperative smallgroup work haspositive effects onlearning, social skillsand self-esteem. (Askew and William, 1995) R. Zahra 10
  11. 11. Benefits of Collaborative Learning However, success is dependent on: – Shared Goals for the group – Individual accountability for the attainment of these goals R. Zahra 11
  12. 12. Collaborative learning reflects real Science“Science is acollaborative enterprise,and the traditionalenvironment forscientific collaboration isthe laboratory.” HROsT. A. Finholt, G. M. Olson, From Laboratories to Collaboratories: A newOrganizational Form for Scientific Collaboration, PsychologicalScience, 8(1), pp. 28 – 26, 1997. R. Zahra 12
  13. 13. Jigsaw Can Improve Chemistry EducationResearch has indicated that the jigsaw strategy is aneffective way to develop students’ collaborative skills,scientific knowledge and positive attitudes towardsscience. Very useful for expository topics like Atmosphere, Nitrogen, Sulfur. R. Zahra 13
  14. 14. Jigsaw ClassroomSix Key Phases•Teacher assigns group structure•Students become ‘experts’ by researching their sub-topic(teacher ensures that info is accurate)•Students return to their original mixed groups to teach eachother•Teacher assesses students’ understanding of the topic•Teacher asks each group to solve a problem that requiresstudents to synthesize what they have learnt•Students reflect on their collaborative work and find what theycan improve R. Zahra 14
  15. 15. Jigsaw ClassroomThe Jigsaw techniqueis a way of practisingDifferentiatedTeaching in a subtleway. All students’contributions arevaluable, no matterthe academic level ofthe content they areassigned. R. Zahra 15
  16. 16. Jigsaw Classroom R. Zahra 16
  17. 17. Jigsaw Classroom Observe this video of 2 Jigsaw Chemistry Classes. Analysis suggestions:• Student ownership• Motivation• Involvement• Behaviour• Accountability for learning R. Zahra 17
  18. 18. The teacher’s role during groupworkAlsodiscusswhat theteacher’srole shouldbe duringthegroupworkactivity. R. Zahra 18
  19. 19. Jigsaw Video Analysis1) Take notes individually during video. Jot down your observations (15 mins) 2) After the video briefly discuss your observations in pairs (5 mins) R. Zahra 19
  20. 20. Jigsaw Video AnalysisEach two pairs willthen unite with anotherpair and prepare a shortpresentation (max 4mins) of yourobservations. (You willbe given a handoutabout the teacher’s roleduring groupwork andone about groundrules). R. Zahra 20
  21. 21. “Improvement begins with I.” Arnold H. Glasow R. Zahra 21
  22. 22. Thanks for your attention R. Zahra 22

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