OUMH1103 Exam Focus for May 2011 - Topic 1

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Prepared by Dr Richard Ng on July 14 2011

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OUMH1103 Exam Focus for May 2011 - Topic 1

  1. 1. Prepared By Dr Richard Ng OUM Perak Exam Workshop Part 1 OUMH 1103 Learning Skills for Open Distance Learners
  2. 2. Exam Format Final Exam: (70 Marks) Part A – Short Questions - 5 Questions (answer all) Part B - Structured Questions - 4 Questions (Choose 3) Part C - Essay Type - 2 Questions (Choose 1) Duration: 3 hours Exam Date: 14 August 2011 (2pm to 5.10pm) Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011)
  3. 3. Topic 1 Focus <ul><li>Goal Setting – SMART and Characteristics of Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Motivational Strategies for Successful Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Being an Independent Learner </li></ul><ul><li>Blended Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipatory and Situational Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Time Management </li></ul><ul><li>Coping with Learning </li></ul><ul><li>5 Steps Goal Setting </li></ul>Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) <ul><li>Learning Styles </li></ul>
  4. 4. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Being Independent (Pelajar Bebas) Rancang Dan Urus Pengurusan Masa Motivasi Diri Bangunkan Strategi Pembelajaran
  5. 5. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Blended Learning Self-Managed Learning Specially Designed Modules With support from: CD-ROM Courseware Digital Library Physical Library Subject Matter Experts Peers Tutors Face-to-Face Tutorials Classroom Environment Formal Classroom Computer Laboratory Science Laboratory Number of Meetings Undergraduate – 4 meetings Postgraduate – 5 meetings Teaching Strategies Direct & Indirect Online Learning Resources Learning Objects PDF Documents Microsoft Office Attachments Digital Library Discussions Asynchronous Discussion Forums
  6. 6. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Coping with Learning –> Stress Symptom Early Symptom of Stress Change in lifestyle Anger Inefficient Unhappy Lonely Pre-occupied With negative thoughts Lack of Enthusiasm Restless Impatient Poor health
  7. 7. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Coping with Learning –> Managing Stress Organise yourself Choose your company Learn to Enjoy Think and Act positively Reward yourself Eat Balance Diet Know yourself Have enough rest Learn to Relax Exercise
  8. 8. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Coping with Learning –> Study Problem Recognize your own resources Don’t cope alone Be Realistic Cooperate And Collaborate Learn to Accept Failure
  9. 9. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Characteristics of Effective Goals Self Chosen Relevant Challenging Realistic Specific Measurable Time-bounded Positive Written
  10. 10. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Goal Setting – The S . M . A . R . T way S M A R T Specific Measurable Achievable Realistic Time Bound
  11. 11. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) A 5-Step Approach to Setting Goals Step 1:  Write down what you want to accomplish Step 2:  Write down any obstacles Step 3:  Write down any resources available to you Step 4:  Review and revise your tentative goal statement (Step1). Take corrective action and modify your goals if necessary Step 5:  Rene your goal statement
  12. 12. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Motivational Strategies for Successful Learning Set Goal Refine Goal Be Positive Challenge your peak Active Learning Learn from Correcting Mistakes Monitor your learning
  13. 13. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Concentration Strategies for Better Learning Causes of Poor Concentration Anxiety Physical Distractions Environmental Distractions Noise Intimidating Study Task Boredom Lose Interest Day Dreaming Personal Worries
  14. 14. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Strategies for improving concentration Identify the cause Take steps to control Monitor
  15. 15. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Anticipatory Anxiety - distress felt while preparing for exam or late submission of assignment How to Overcome? Relax Be focused Think Positive Study in a group Have a specific Study time Prepare your notes Find a comfortable study place Know your stand
  16. 16. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Situational Anxiety - distress felt during the exam or before assignment is due How to Overcome? Relax Be punctual Divide your time Avoid highly anxious friend Read & Understand Instructions Work at a comfortable pace Ask for clarification Keep moving
  17. 17. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Managing Your Time Effectively Evaluate Progress Plan ahead Spend more Productive time Take Charge Prioritise Avoid time conflict
  18. 18. Learning Styles Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Knowing your learning styles helps in your learning and become more focused http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/ILSdir/styles.htm Could avoid problematic situations Could target areas that need improvement Be more successful as a self-managed learner
  19. 19. Topic 1 – Past Years Questions Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Kaedah 1 – Berfikir dan bertindak secara positif Kaedah 2 – Rihat dengan secukupnya Question: 1 (May 2011 SMP – Part A) State TWO ways of managing stress among distance learners Nyatakan DUA kaedah menguruskan tekanan dalam kalangan pelajar jarak jauh (4 marks) Sample Answers for Q.1
  20. 20. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Sebab 1 – Lebih berjaya dengan kaedah pembelajaran Kendiri (Self-Managed Learner) Sebab 2 – Boleh mengelak dari situasi yang mendatangkan masalah Question: 2 (May 2011 SMP – Part A) Give TWO reasons why students should know their learning styles. Berikan DUA sebab mengapa para pelajar perlu mengetahui gaya belajar mereka (4 marks) Sample Answers for Q.2
  21. 21. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Salah satu dari 3 kaedah pembelajaran secara adunan (blended learning) ialah pertemuan bersemuka dengan Tutor yang diadakan 4 kali setiap semester. Semasa pertemuan bersemuka, pelajar boleh membuat perbincangan dengan rakan dan tutor serta bertanyakan soalan Question: 3 (May 2008 – Part A) Explain briefly ONE of the blended learning methods at OUM (2 marks) Sample Answers for Q.3
  22. 22. Salah satu punca hilang konsentrasi ialah kekangan masa belajar. Ini dapat diatasi dengan memahami puncanya dan mengambil tindakan untuk mengawal dan mengurusnya Question: 4 (May 2008 – Part A) Identify ONE cause of poor concentration and state ONE strategy to improve it. Kenal pasti SATU punca kelemahan dalam penumpuan pembelajaran dan nyatakan SATU strategi untuk menambahbaik. (2 marks) Sample Answers for Q.4
  23. 23. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) 5.
  24. 24. Sample Answers for Q.5 a) 3 steps to improve concentration: Step: 1 - Identify the causes of poor concentration and decide which apply to you. Give a suitable example Step: 2 - Take steps to control these factors. Give a suitable example Step: 3 - Make your control habitual. Give a suitable example b) 5 steps in setting realistic goals in learning: : Step: 1 - Write down what you want to accomplish. Give a suitable example Step: 2 - Write down any obstacles. Give a suitable example Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011)
  25. 25. Step: 3 - Write down any resources available. Give a suitable example Step: 4 - Review and revise your tentative goal statement (Step1). Take corrective action and modify your goals if necessary. Give a suitable example. Step: 5 - Rene your goal statement. Give a suitable example. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011)
  26. 26. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) <ul><li>Sebab 1 – Ia membantu memotivasikan kita untuk mencapai </li></ul><ul><li> sasaran kita. Motivasi membolehkan kita tumpu </li></ul><ul><li> pada pembelajaran kita dengan penuh konsentrasi </li></ul>Sebab 2 – Ia memberikan kita hala tuju untuk mencapai sasaran kita. Dengan adanya hala tuju kita akan tahu objektif kita dan mengambil tindakan untuk mencapainya Sample Answers for Q.6 Question: 6 (Part B) As open and distance learners, it is important to set effective goals. a) Provide TWO reasons why setting effective goals is important for OUM students (8 marks) b) Explain SIX characteristics of effective goals (12 marks)
  27. 27. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) b) 6 ciri-ciri sasaran yang efektif: i) Pilihan sendiri – sasaran ditentukan oleh diri sendiri ii) Relevan – sesuai dengan matlamat kita iii) Mencabar – dapat mencapai lebih dari sebelumnya iv) Realistik – sesuai dengan kemampuan diri v) Specifik – sasaran yang jelas yang boleh memotivasikan vi) Dapat dikur – menentukan sama ada ianya dapat dicapai
  28. 28. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Pelajar jarak jauh biasanya merupakan warga kerja yang belajar sambil bekerja. Mereka mempunyai keluarga, Membiayai sendiri pembelajaran mereka serta mempunyai Kekangan masa belajar secara sambilan. Question: 7 (May 2011 SMP – Part C) To stay motivated when as a distance learner can be challenging. Discuss the challenges and suggest ways that can be employed by OUM students to stay motivated Untuk kekal bermotivasi sebagai pelajar jarak jauh adalah mencabar. Bincangkan cabaran-cabaran yang dihadapi dan cadangkan kaedah yang boleh digunakan oleh pelajar OUM untuk kekal bermotivasi (20 marks) Sample Answers for Q.7
  29. 29. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Pelajar OUM juga perlu membuat tugasan yang memakan masa kerana terpaksa mencari bahan-bahan yang diperlukan. Bahan tugasan kebanyakannya dapat diperolehi dalam Perpustakaan digital. Tugasan perlu disiapkan dengan menggunakan Microsoft Word dan perlu dihantar secara online dalam tempoh sebulan Selepas itu mereka juga perlu menduduki peperiksaan. Perkara ini berulang untuk 3 semester setahun sehingga tamat pengajian. Sudah tentu pelajar OUM banyak menghadapi cabaran dan memerlukan motivasi diri yang tinggi untuk mencapai objektif mereka untuk mendapat sekeping ijazah
  30. 30. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Untuk kekal bermotivasi, pelajar OUM boleh mengambil tindakan berikut: <ul><li>Tetapkan sasaran pembelajaran yang mencabar tapi </li></ul><ul><li>realistik. </li></ul>Pastikan apakah sasaran pembelajaran anda dengan berdasarkan kepada fakta, konsep atau idea anda. Sasaran yang realistik akan dapat memotivasikan anda untuk mencapainya b) Pecahkan taska pembelajaran yang besar Taska besar yang mencabar bila dipecahkan menjadi kecil adalah mudah untuk anda menguruskannya
  31. 31. c) Sentiasa berfikiran positif Sesuatu yang sukar itu anggap sebagai cabaran dan Dugaan. Jadikannya sebagai suatu peluang untuk melakukan sesuatu yang baru d) Sasarkan sesuatu yang lebih tinggi Bila anda telah mencapais esuatu sasaran, wujudkan Sesuatu sasaran yang lebih tinggi supaya mencabar kebolehan dan kemampuan anda e) Gunakan kaedah pembelajaran yang aktif Ambil inisiatif untuk mencari bahan bacaan tambahan dari perpustakan atau Internet, bertanya pada tutor atau Berbincang dengan rakan-rakan lain Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011)
  32. 32. Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) f) Belajar dari kesilapan Jangan merasa kecewa apabila menemui kegagalan. Sebaliknya ambil ikhtibar dan belajar dari kesilapan. Kaji semula kesilapan kita dan ambil tindakan untuk Memperbaikinya. Dapatkan sokongan dari kawan dan Tutor anda. g) Pantau pembelajaran kita Sentiasa pantau kemajuan anda. Semak dengan tutor mengenai tugasan anda serta ujian kendiri yang dibuat. Bincangkan gred pencapaian anda dengan pihak OUM atau tutor anda.
  33. 33. Question? Question? Question? End of Part 1 Page Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011)

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