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Advocacy across levels and forms of power

            jgaventa@stfx.ca
            www.coady.stfx.ca
The Citizenship Research Center:
Connecting Research and Action...
                            10 years
                            25 countries
                            60 researchers
                            150 case studies
                            450 outputs




        www.drc-citizenship.org
Research Themes



   Meanings        Rights and       Global Citizen
and Expressions   Accountability    Engagement




  Science and     Winning Policy   Social Movements
  Citizenship        Change          In the South




 New Spaces for   Mobilising for     Citizenship in
    Change         Democracy        Violent Settings
Citizen engagement makes a difference –
But not always….
         meta-synthesis methods of a sample
      of 100 case studies 20 countries.
        Evidence points to positive
      contribution to:
          – More aware citizens
          – More effective participation
          – Responsive and accountable states
          – Inclusive and cohesive societies
         But there are risks of negative
      outcomes in each these areas as well

      http://wbi.worldbank.org/wbi/Data/wbi/wbicms/files/drupal-acq
      gaventa.pdf.
‘Successful’ citizen engagement for national policy
change (www.ids.ac.uk/go/citizens)

 Case Example               Positive Gains

National Campaign for       Six million hectares of land (half of
Land Reform – Philippines   country’s farmland), redistributed to
                            3 million poor households
Treatment Action            Public recognition and debate’
Campaign                    60,000 people benefiting from
                            publicly supplied ARVs’

Right to Information        National Right to Information Bill
Campaign – India            passed in 2005, and in nine of 28
                            states – contributing to greater
                            public accountability

Campaign to reduce          Put issue on national agenda;
Maternal Mortality –        contributed to major budget shift;
Mexico                      changed ‘paradigm’ of delivery
‘Successful’ Cases – (continued)

 Case Example                        Positive Gains

Right to the City Campaign –         Established national
Brazil                               framework for participation in
                                     urban planning
Child Rights and social policies –   New framework, resources and
Chile                                social policies for children,
                                     leading to concrete
                                     improvements in child poverty

Re/forming the Penal Code for        New Turkish Penal Code with
Women’s Rights- Turkey               35 amendments for women’s
                                     sexual rights
Campaign for Reform of the           Reform of Islamic family law
Moudawana - Morocco                  affecting women’s rights
Key Factors of Success
The importance of democratic space
Diverse, nationally grounded coalitions –
not necessarily lead by INGOs
Alliances - Civil society organisations
rarely change policy by themselves
Contentiousness politics for contentious
issues
Measuring Sustainable Success
                       Tangible          Intangible
      National         Change of policy/ New patterns of
                       legal system      decision-making
                                         and participation
      Intermediate     Better            Greater
                       programme         government
                       implementation    accountability
                                         and capability
      Local            Material          Sense of
                       improvement in    citizenship and
                       quality of life   capabilities to
                                         claim rights

The ‘deeper’ the CSO campaign, the more sustainable the gain.
Advocacy Across Levels?
Learning to make the Links
 Globalisation creates       The Global Campaign
 new landscapes of           on Education
 authority - multi layered   Local and national
 and multi-polar.            roots
 The importance of linking   Representative
 across the local –          governance
 national –global            Inclusive framing
 continuum                   Respect for roles
 Global rights claims are    across levels
                             Long-term
 occurring, but often
 disconnected from local,    resources for
 creating new forms of       sustainability
 inclusion and exclusion
Thinking about power
             - The Power Cube


LEVELS                                  SPACES
  Global

  National

                                        Claimed
  Local                               Invited
                                    Closed
           Visible   Hidden Invisible

              Forms of POWER
Check out further research and opportunities
         for study

  Coady courses – including advocacy, social
  accountability, communications and media, etc:
- - http://coady.stfx.ca/education.
  DRC on Citizenship, Participation and
  Accountability
   – www.drc-citizenship.org
  In Focus Policy Brief
   – www.ids.ac.uk/go/citizens
  Power analysis
   – www.powercube.net.

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Oxfam advocacy session

  • 1. Advocacy across levels and forms of power jgaventa@stfx.ca www.coady.stfx.ca
  • 2. The Citizenship Research Center: Connecting Research and Action... 10 years 25 countries 60 researchers 150 case studies 450 outputs www.drc-citizenship.org
  • 3. Research Themes Meanings Rights and Global Citizen and Expressions Accountability Engagement Science and Winning Policy Social Movements Citizenship Change In the South New Spaces for Mobilising for Citizenship in Change Democracy Violent Settings
  • 4. Citizen engagement makes a difference – But not always…. meta-synthesis methods of a sample of 100 case studies 20 countries. Evidence points to positive contribution to: – More aware citizens – More effective participation – Responsive and accountable states – Inclusive and cohesive societies But there are risks of negative outcomes in each these areas as well http://wbi.worldbank.org/wbi/Data/wbi/wbicms/files/drupal-acq gaventa.pdf.
  • 5. ‘Successful’ citizen engagement for national policy change (www.ids.ac.uk/go/citizens) Case Example Positive Gains National Campaign for Six million hectares of land (half of Land Reform – Philippines country’s farmland), redistributed to 3 million poor households Treatment Action Public recognition and debate’ Campaign 60,000 people benefiting from publicly supplied ARVs’ Right to Information National Right to Information Bill Campaign – India passed in 2005, and in nine of 28 states – contributing to greater public accountability Campaign to reduce Put issue on national agenda; Maternal Mortality – contributed to major budget shift; Mexico changed ‘paradigm’ of delivery
  • 6. ‘Successful’ Cases – (continued) Case Example Positive Gains Right to the City Campaign – Established national Brazil framework for participation in urban planning Child Rights and social policies – New framework, resources and Chile social policies for children, leading to concrete improvements in child poverty Re/forming the Penal Code for New Turkish Penal Code with Women’s Rights- Turkey 35 amendments for women’s sexual rights Campaign for Reform of the Reform of Islamic family law Moudawana - Morocco affecting women’s rights
  • 7. Key Factors of Success The importance of democratic space Diverse, nationally grounded coalitions – not necessarily lead by INGOs Alliances - Civil society organisations rarely change policy by themselves Contentiousness politics for contentious issues
  • 8. Measuring Sustainable Success Tangible Intangible National Change of policy/ New patterns of legal system decision-making and participation Intermediate Better Greater programme government implementation accountability and capability Local Material Sense of improvement in citizenship and quality of life capabilities to claim rights The ‘deeper’ the CSO campaign, the more sustainable the gain.
  • 9. Advocacy Across Levels? Learning to make the Links Globalisation creates The Global Campaign new landscapes of on Education authority - multi layered Local and national and multi-polar. roots The importance of linking Representative across the local – governance national –global Inclusive framing continuum Respect for roles Global rights claims are across levels Long-term occurring, but often disconnected from local, resources for creating new forms of sustainability inclusion and exclusion
  • 10. Thinking about power - The Power Cube LEVELS SPACES Global National Claimed Local Invited Closed Visible Hidden Invisible Forms of POWER
  • 11. Check out further research and opportunities for study Coady courses – including advocacy, social accountability, communications and media, etc: - - http://coady.stfx.ca/education. DRC on Citizenship, Participation and Accountability – www.drc-citizenship.org In Focus Policy Brief – www.ids.ac.uk/go/citizens Power analysis – www.powercube.net.

Editor's Notes

  1. A privilege to be back in the region – and to be at here at Univ of Kentucky…Thanks to Applachian Center I have some roots in Kentucky, having gone to high school in Lousvilee, and having worked for many years in the Appalachian region. Wonderful to meet so many old friends and to gain new ones.