About accessibility Costs and problems Formats, tools and standards Legal acts Quick peek into issues present in highr education facilities publishers. where are libraries in this all? Summary
It’s a term related to print disability, ”which means – with respect to the individual – a physical or mental impairment in seeing or reading” (work definition by the Advisory Commission on Accessible Instructional Materials in Postsecondary Education, AIM Commission)People covered by this term: blind with severe visual impairments, including effects of aging with injuries or nerve disabilities preventing form managing books with learning disabilities with text comprehension issues Why accessibility of ebooks is important?
TIME running through high-speed scanner and optical character recognition editing digital content adding logical structure making accessible form DAISY book, large print, Braille readable formatMONEY min. $400 per book, less for books without complex graphic content ~$1,800 (!) per book from STEM disciplinesEFFORT
Efforts can be redirected to new, better solutions.
DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) gold standard for accessible e-book formats since 1996, managed by DAISY Consortium referred to as DTB, digital talking book semantic structure included, allows software to navigate easily within the book may inclde high-quality synthetic speech or/and prerecorded audio EPUB 3 specification takes DAISY solutions into consideration FUTURE ACCESSIBLE E-BOOK FORMAT?
MOBI/AZW ▪ simple EPUB application ▪ supports basic data tables and adding text alternatives for images ▪ doesn’t have rich semantic structure ▪ basic ways of navigationPDF taged content actual text (not images), International Association for Information and Image Manegement, PDF/AU text-to-speech function can be read by many devices
Screen readers (JAWS, NVDA, VoiceOver) Screen magnifiers (ZoomText, MAGic, Mac Zoom) Literacy software (Read and Write Gold, WYNN) Captioning Various low mobility/strenght/dexterity poiting devices Speech-to-text
National Information Standards Organization NISO list 1999Worl Wide Web Consortium User Agent Accessibility Guidelines UAAG 1.0 2002 User Agent Accessibility Guidelines UAAG 2.0 worked in progress (aligned with Web Content Accessibilit Guidelines) draft: www.w3.org/TR/UAAG20/
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) – for K-12 The Americans with Disabilities Act Title II (http://www.ada.gov/taman2.html) Federal Rehabilitation Act, Section 504 (http://www.dol.gov/oasam/regs/statutes/sec504.htm, Fact Sheet: http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/resources/factsheets/ 504.pdf, Myths and Truths: http://www.isbe.state.il.us/spec- ed/pdfs/parent_guide/ch15-section_504.pdf)
United States Code on Copyright, Title 27, chapter 1, the Chafee amendement: designated authorized entities to distribute accessible copies of books to people who are blind or have other organic disabilities affecting reading process = Libraries?
National Library Service Bookshare American Printing House for Blind (APH) Learning Ally Disability Services offices?LEGAL STATUS for conversion is unclear, anissue, problematic, open to question…
Major consuments of reading technologies Can provide easy access to technologies Could partner with campus media production units of disability services offices Rise avereness of the issue Broadly speaking – go toward pressing universality of ebook formats and providing accessibility for the widest possible user base
accessibility, print disability proccess of converting books, digital-born ebooks formats: DAISY, MOBI, PDF higher education conflict Where publishers stand What libraries can do