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Good rice,
more money
Quality inputs, higher rice yields, more profit.
Planting lowland rain-fed
rice in northern Ghana
Quality inputs, higher rice yields, more profit
Plough, harrow and level your
field for a uniform seed bed to
help spread water throughout
the field. Plant rice on a fairly flat
field. The most suitable soils are
clay or loam soils. They retain
water well and have high soil
organic matter - indicated by
dark colour.
Do not burn to clear the field.
Burning kills soil life and
destroys some nutrients. Soil that
is burnt has low organic
matter and will produce much
lower yields of rice.
Bund your field to conserve
water and to control diseases
like blasts and brown spot.
Land preparation
Use certified seed for better
yields. Seed can be pre-treated
to reduce the risk of fungal
diseases. Ask your agro-dealer
for details.
Quality inputs, higher rice yields, more profit
Planting
Dibble or drill the seed. Use a
spacing of 20 cm by 20 cm to
ensure good plant population.
Sow 3-5 seeds per hole/hill to
conserve seed. You will need 20
kg seed per acre if dibbling and
25 kg seed/acre if drilling.
20 cm
Crop management
Apply 2 bags of NPK per acre
three weeks after planting on
weed-free fields to enhance
tillering.
Do second weeding to
reduce competition and
mixtures (weed seed
contaminating the harvest and
reducing its value).
Make second and third fertilizer
application by broadcasting one
bag of ammonia or ½ bag of
urea per acre to increase size
of panicles and number of filled
grains. Split the fertilizer into
two. Apply half 7 weeks after
planting and the other 9 weeks
after planting.
To get quality rice, remove any
plants which are not the right
variety and show obviously
different characteristics
(roguing).
Quality inputs, higher rice yields, more profit
Quality inputs, higher rice yields, more profit
Deficiencies, pests
& diseases
Yellowing leaves is a sign of lack
of nitrogen. Lack of phosphorus
makes the plant have stunted
growth and poor root
development which makes the
straws fall over.
Stem borers, ants, termites,
army worms and the gall midge
fly are common pests that can
be controlled by correct
spraying. Fungal diseases can
be discouraged by pre-treating
the seed. Birds and rodents
should be scared away.
Using improved seed varieties,
bunding and seed treatment
protects rice from blasts and
brown spot.
Harvest & post-harvest
Harvest 30 days after flowering
to avoid losses.
Thresh on tarpaulin to avoid
contamination with stones.
Winnow and mill immediately to
avoid breakage of the grain.
Parboiling is required if the
moisture content is below 12%
to avoid the grain breakages.
Issued by CSIR-SARI Ghana – June 2013
For more information, contact:
Your extension officer or
The Director, CSIR-SARI
(e): sknutsugah@hotmail.com

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Good rice, more money: Planting lowland rain-fed rice in northern Ghana

  • 1. Good rice, more money Quality inputs, higher rice yields, more profit. Planting lowland rain-fed rice in northern Ghana
  • 2. Quality inputs, higher rice yields, more profit Plough, harrow and level your field for a uniform seed bed to help spread water throughout the field. Plant rice on a fairly flat field. The most suitable soils are clay or loam soils. They retain water well and have high soil organic matter - indicated by dark colour. Do not burn to clear the field. Burning kills soil life and destroys some nutrients. Soil that is burnt has low organic matter and will produce much lower yields of rice. Bund your field to conserve water and to control diseases like blasts and brown spot. Land preparation
  • 3. Use certified seed for better yields. Seed can be pre-treated to reduce the risk of fungal diseases. Ask your agro-dealer for details. Quality inputs, higher rice yields, more profit Planting Dibble or drill the seed. Use a spacing of 20 cm by 20 cm to ensure good plant population. Sow 3-5 seeds per hole/hill to conserve seed. You will need 20 kg seed per acre if dibbling and 25 kg seed/acre if drilling. 20 cm
  • 4. Crop management Apply 2 bags of NPK per acre three weeks after planting on weed-free fields to enhance tillering. Do second weeding to reduce competition and mixtures (weed seed contaminating the harvest and reducing its value). Make second and third fertilizer application by broadcasting one bag of ammonia or ½ bag of urea per acre to increase size of panicles and number of filled grains. Split the fertilizer into two. Apply half 7 weeks after planting and the other 9 weeks after planting. To get quality rice, remove any plants which are not the right variety and show obviously different characteristics (roguing). Quality inputs, higher rice yields, more profit
  • 5. Quality inputs, higher rice yields, more profit Deficiencies, pests & diseases Yellowing leaves is a sign of lack of nitrogen. Lack of phosphorus makes the plant have stunted growth and poor root development which makes the straws fall over. Stem borers, ants, termites, army worms and the gall midge fly are common pests that can be controlled by correct spraying. Fungal diseases can be discouraged by pre-treating the seed. Birds and rodents should be scared away. Using improved seed varieties, bunding and seed treatment protects rice from blasts and brown spot.
  • 6. Harvest & post-harvest Harvest 30 days after flowering to avoid losses. Thresh on tarpaulin to avoid contamination with stones. Winnow and mill immediately to avoid breakage of the grain. Parboiling is required if the moisture content is below 12% to avoid the grain breakages. Issued by CSIR-SARI Ghana – June 2013 For more information, contact: Your extension officer or The Director, CSIR-SARI (e): sknutsugah@hotmail.com