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  1. 1. Debating An introduction
  2. 2. • Debate is different from arguing in the sense that you try to convince a third party who doesn’t take part in it. • Debates are based on a fixed topic or proposition. • Arguments are the basic building blocks of debate.
  3. 3. The Parliamentary Debate Parliamentary Debate is a contest between two teams where each team is on one side of the debate topic:  The proposition team supports the motion  The opposition team argues against the motion
  4. 4. Speeches There are six speeches in the parliamentary debate: the first four are constructive and the last two rebuttal. The order and timing is as follows: First Proposition Constructive Speech 5 minutes First Opposition Constructive Speech 5 minutes Second Proposition Constructive Speech 5 minutes Second Opposition Constructive Speech 5 minutes Opposition Rebuttal 3 minutes Proposition Rebuttal 3 minutes
  5. 5. Points of Information & Heckling Points of information: debaters might present questions or statements during a speech. The debater holding the floor can accept or reject them. Heckling: is an interruption of a speaker to show pleasure or displeasure with speaker’s argumentation
  6. 6. Argumentation Arguments have 3 basic components: ASSERTION: simply a statement REASONING: the reason why the assertion is valid EVIDENCE: proof of the reasoning Eg.: A: We should ban junk food in the school cantine. R: Eating junk food is bad for your health. E: Junk food is high in fat and sugar. Too much fat and sugar puts you at risk for diabetes and heart disease.
  7. 7. Refutation Almost all refutations follow a basic four-step method: Step 1: “They say….” Step 2: “But I disagree….” Step 3: “Because ….” Step 4: “Therefore….” Example: Speaker 1: Bananas are better than oranges because they contain more potassium. Speaker 2: Speaker 1 says that bananas are better than oranges, but I disagree. Oranges are better than bananas because they contain more vitamin C. Therefore, you should prefer oranges because while many foods in an ordinary diet contain potassium, few contain an appreciable amount of vitamin C. It is more important to eat oranges whenever possible than it is to eat bananas.