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Nasals by ricardo gutierrez

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nasals m.n.ñ

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Nasals by ricardo gutierrez

  1. 1. * PHONOLOGY NASALS RICARDO GUTIERREZ 5TH SEMESTER
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  3. 3. * In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose. *
  4. 4. * Nasals are consonants that are formed by blocking the oral passage and allowing the air to escape through the nose. Present-Day English has three nasals, all of which are voiced (vocal cords vibrating during the articulation of the nasal).* (The nasals, the lateral /l/, the retroflex /r/, and the semivowels /w/ and /j/ are sometimes called the resonants.)
  5. 5. * 1. /m/ (the phoneme spelled m in mail): (voiced) bilabial nasal.* 2. /n/ (the phoneme spelled n in nail): (voiced) alveolar nasal.* 3. /h/ (the phoneme spelled ng in sing): (voiced) velar nasal. *
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  7. 7. Spanish Spanish Spanish English English English /m/ /n/ /ñ/ /m/ /n/ /ŋ/Voiced Voiced Voiced Voiced Voiced Voiced VoicingBilabial Alveolar Palatal Bilabial Alveolar Velar Place Nasal Nasal Nasal Nasal Nasal Nasal Manner /m/ /n/ /ñ/ /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ Mata Nata Ñata Mat Nat InitialMoción Noción Ñoclo Motion Notion ------ positionMaque Naque Ñopa Mack Nap ------mapa Napa Ñudo Map Nude Sima Sina Siña Simmer Sinner Singer Medial Timo Tino Tiño Teems Teens Stings position Amo Ana año hammed hand hanged ----- Tan ----- Tam Tan Tang Final nasal ----- Son ----- Some Run Sung phoneme ----- Ron ----- Rum sun rung
  8. 8. * DISCUSSION in both languages, whenever a nasal is followed by another consonant, it assumes the place of articulation of the following consonant.* Example in Spanish the article spelled un may have five different pronunciation, depending on the following contrast* Un beso [um] bilabial + bilabial* Un día [un] dental + dental* Un señor [un] alveolar + alveolar* Un chico [uñ] palatal + palatal* Un gato [uŋ] velar + velar
  9. 9. * ASSIMILATION* In English is the same assimilation* Impossible [mp] bilabial + bilabial* Indirect [nd] alveolar + alveolar* Incorrect [ŋk] velar + velar
  10. 10. * The sound [ŋ] occurs in Spanish as an allophone of /n/ before velar consonants /k/, /g/and /h/ as in the word: aunque, tango, monja* Words borrowed fron the other language with final m spelling, such as ítem, álbum. Usually to spanish patterns, being pronunced /íten/, /álbun/
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  12. 12. SPANISH ENGLISHMiembro /my/ Mute Initial position; Muerte /mw/ ----- nasal followed by a Nieto /ny/ News consonant nueve /nw/ ----- /mp/ Limp /mt/ Dreamt /mf/ Lymph Final position; nasal /mps/ Bumps followed by /mpt/ Bumped voiceless /mfs/ Nymphs consonants /mpst/ Glimpsed /mpts/ Tempts /nt/ Hint /nƟ/ Tenth /ns/ Prince /nč/ Bunch /nts/ Pants /nƟs/ Months /nst/ danced
  13. 13. SPANISH ENGLISH /nčt/ Flinched /ŋk/ Rink /ŋks/ Thanks Final position; nasal /ŋkt/ Thanked followed by /ŋkƟ/ Lenght voiceless /ŋkst/ Jinxed consonants /ŋkƟs/ strengths /md/ Blamed /mz/ Blames /nd/ Fanned Final position; nasal /nz/ Fans followed by voiced /nĵ/ Lounge consonant /ndz/ Winds /nĵd/ Fringed /ŋd/ Banged /ŋz/ Bangs
  14. 14. * HOMOPHONES* /dᴂm dam, damn /* /hIm/ him, hymn* /plƏn/ plum, plumb* /nat/ not, knot* /nuw/ new, knew* CROSS-LANGUAGE PAIRS* m vs mm /m/: comentar comment* m vs gm /m/: flema, phlegm* n vs nn /n/: inocente, innocent* n vs pn /n/: neumonia, pneumonia

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