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The Verb To Be – verbo ser ou estar
Conjugação do verbo to be no simple present
Positive

Negative

Interrogative

I am

I am not

Am I?

You are

You are not

Are you?

He is

He is not

Is he?

She is

She is not

Is she?

It is

It is not

Is it?

We are

We are not

Are we?

You are

You are not

Are you?

They are

They are not

Are they?

I am a student. Are you a student too?
They are happy.
She is an intelligent girl.
Is it ok with you?
It isn’t cold today.
We are not at home now.
Verbo There to be
O verbo there to be (haver, existir) tem apenas duas formas there is para o
singular e there are para o plural. There is not (there isn’t) e there are not
(there aren’t) são usados para as formas negativas e is there? Are there? para
as interrogativas:
There is a book on the table. (Há um livro sobre a mesa)
There are many books on the table. (Há muitos livros sobre a mesa)
There isn’t any bread.
There aren’t mountains in Nauru.
Is there a cat under the sofa?
Are there big cities in The Philippines?
Ao se referir a idade, use sempre o verbo to be:
She´s 19 years old.
I´m in my sixties.
The Plural of nouns
O plural dos substantivos é formado, em geral, acrescentando-se s ao singular:
Coat – Coats
Hat – Hats
Se um substantivo singular terminar em s, sh, ch, z, ou o forma-se o plural
acrescentando –es:
Class – Classes
Church – churches
Box – boxes
Wish – wishes
Potato – potatoes
Para formar o plural dos substantivos terminados em y precedidos de
consoante, o y é transformado em i, e acrescenta-se –es:
Baby – babies
Vocabulary – vocabularies
Palavras como boys e days são regulares, pois o y é precedido por vogal.
Possessive Pronouns
Possessive Adjectives: Vêm sempre antes dos substantivos a que se
referem. São invariáveis, concordam com o possuidor e não com a coisa
possuída. São eles: my (meu), your (seu), his (dele), her (dela), its (dele/dela),
our (nosso), their (deles/delas):
My name is Philip.
Elton John is a famous singer. His songs are beautiful.
We are from France. Our city is Paris.
Personal pronouns and Adjective Possessive Pronouns

Personal
Pronoun
s

Adjective Possessive
Pronouns

I

MY

YOU

YOUR

HE

HIS

SHE

HER

IT

ITS

WE

OUR

YOU

YOUR

THEY

THEIR
Pronomes Interrogativos
São empregados na formulação de perguntas. No quadro abaixo apresentamos
os principais pronomes interrogativos:
What’s your name?
What
O que? Qual?
Where
Onde?
Where is the book?
How

Como?

How are you?

Who/Whom

Quem?

Who is that boy?

How pode ter diversas combinações com adjetivos ou advérbios que lhe
conferem significados distintos:
How many? Quantos?

How many cars do you have?

How old? Quantos anos?

How old are you?

Verb to be review
Conjugação do verbo to be no simple present
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
I am
I am not
Am I?
You are
You are not
Are you?
He is
He is not
Is he?
She is
She is not
Is she?
It is
It is not
Is it?
We are
We are not
Are we?
You are
You are not
Are you?
They are
They are not
Are they?
1- Let’s write the phrases in the correct form completing with verb to be:
am / is / are.
AFFIRMATIVE: Nome (pronome) + To be + complemento
INTERROGATIVE: To be + nome(pronome) + complemento ?
NEGATIVE: Nome (pronome) + To be + not + complemento
a) She / my teacher. (affirmative)

b) They / from / Australia. (negative)
c) He / from / New Zeland. (Interrogative)

d) It / on the table. (Interrogative)

e) I / a nice teacher.(affirmative)

f) You / in my classroom. (Negative)

2-Write down the missing sentences.

affirmative

I

question

I am hungry.

you

negative

You are Sam.

he

He is not here.

she

it

Is she loud?

It is okay.

we

you

Are we fine?

You are not friendly.
they

Are they happy
they

Are they happy

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Conjugação do verbo to be no simple present e outras formas verbais

  • 1. The Verb To Be – verbo ser ou estar Conjugação do verbo to be no simple present Positive Negative Interrogative I am I am not Am I? You are You are not Are you? He is He is not Is he? She is She is not Is she? It is It is not Is it? We are We are not Are we? You are You are not Are you? They are They are not Are they? I am a student. Are you a student too? They are happy. She is an intelligent girl. Is it ok with you? It isn’t cold today. We are not at home now. Verbo There to be O verbo there to be (haver, existir) tem apenas duas formas there is para o singular e there are para o plural. There is not (there isn’t) e there are not (there aren’t) são usados para as formas negativas e is there? Are there? para as interrogativas: There is a book on the table. (Há um livro sobre a mesa) There are many books on the table. (Há muitos livros sobre a mesa) There isn’t any bread. There aren’t mountains in Nauru. Is there a cat under the sofa?
  • 2. Are there big cities in The Philippines? Ao se referir a idade, use sempre o verbo to be: She´s 19 years old. I´m in my sixties. The Plural of nouns O plural dos substantivos é formado, em geral, acrescentando-se s ao singular: Coat – Coats Hat – Hats Se um substantivo singular terminar em s, sh, ch, z, ou o forma-se o plural acrescentando –es: Class – Classes Church – churches Box – boxes Wish – wishes Potato – potatoes Para formar o plural dos substantivos terminados em y precedidos de consoante, o y é transformado em i, e acrescenta-se –es: Baby – babies Vocabulary – vocabularies Palavras como boys e days são regulares, pois o y é precedido por vogal. Possessive Pronouns Possessive Adjectives: Vêm sempre antes dos substantivos a que se referem. São invariáveis, concordam com o possuidor e não com a coisa possuída. São eles: my (meu), your (seu), his (dele), her (dela), its (dele/dela), our (nosso), their (deles/delas): My name is Philip. Elton John is a famous singer. His songs are beautiful. We are from France. Our city is Paris.
  • 3. Personal pronouns and Adjective Possessive Pronouns Personal Pronoun s Adjective Possessive Pronouns I MY YOU YOUR HE HIS SHE HER IT ITS WE OUR YOU YOUR THEY THEIR
  • 4. Pronomes Interrogativos São empregados na formulação de perguntas. No quadro abaixo apresentamos os principais pronomes interrogativos: What’s your name? What O que? Qual? Where Onde? Where is the book? How Como? How are you? Who/Whom Quem? Who is that boy? How pode ter diversas combinações com adjetivos ou advérbios que lhe conferem significados distintos: How many? Quantos? How many cars do you have? How old? Quantos anos? How old are you? Verb to be review Conjugação do verbo to be no simple present Affirmative Negative Interrogative I am I am not Am I? You are You are not Are you? He is He is not Is he? She is She is not Is she? It is It is not Is it? We are We are not Are we? You are You are not Are you? They are They are not Are they? 1- Let’s write the phrases in the correct form completing with verb to be: am / is / are. AFFIRMATIVE: Nome (pronome) + To be + complemento INTERROGATIVE: To be + nome(pronome) + complemento ? NEGATIVE: Nome (pronome) + To be + not + complemento a) She / my teacher. (affirmative) b) They / from / Australia. (negative)
  • 5. c) He / from / New Zeland. (Interrogative) d) It / on the table. (Interrogative) e) I / a nice teacher.(affirmative) f) You / in my classroom. (Negative) 2-Write down the missing sentences. affirmative I question I am hungry. you negative You are Sam. he He is not here. she it Is she loud? It is okay. we you Are we fine? You are not friendly.