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Open Badges South Africa Badging Guidelines

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OBSA Workgroup would like to assist L&D practitioners to start creating Badging Frameworks for their learning programmes.

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Open Badges South Africa Badging Guidelines

  1. 1. Open Badges South Africa Badging Guidelines
  2. 2. Overview • What is an Open Badge? • Purpose of Badging Guidelines • Target Audience • Badging Opportunities and Uses • The OBI process • Establish a common language • How to create a badging framework • How to create a badge • How to issue badges • How to earn and display badges • How to consume badges • Templates Section
  3. 3. Open Badges South Africa Workgroup OBI Infographic
  4. 4. WHAT IS AN OPEN BADGE? “Are all Badges created equal?”
  5. 5. Open Badges • A badge is a representation of an outcome or achievement. • Badges often get used in contexts like learning, scouting, gaming, social sites and rankings of authority. • Open Badges refer specifically to badges that adhere to an open standard being led by Mozilla for recognizing and validating learning. • Thus, Open Badges are… secure, web-enabled credentials that contain granular, verified information consumers can use to evaluate earners’ potential.
  6. 6. • The value of Open Badges comes from the information (metadata) attached to it! Who issued the badge When: The issue date What: Hyperlinks back to artifacts or testimonials demonstrating the work that lead to earning the badge How: How the badge was earned Authentication back to the issuer
  7. 7. Types of Badges Milestone Member Accredited Competent Participated Completed Attendance Donated Member Master Subject Matter Expert Sponsored Qualified Verified Requirements Met
  8. 8. PURPOSE OF BADGING GUIDELINES “Why should I use these guidelines?” “Why can’t I just start creating badges for my different courses?”
  9. 9. Adding Real Value • Ensure sustainability – badges to become micro-credentials • Build Open Badges for consistency, dependability and market worth • Avoid introducing badges as the ‘flavour of the month’ • A system filled with junk badges have far less integrity than one filled with micro- credentials awarded by reputable organisations
  10. 10. Considerations for consistency • Establish a common language • Give guidance wrt to establishing:- – A framework for ‘levels’ and clear pathways within a system – Badge criteria and assessment – Badge design principles
  11. 11. Considerations for market worth • Establish an ecosystem that – Recognises and supports professionals on a more granular level – Avoids linking professional development and salary structures only to macro- credentials (e.g. degree) – Empowers the work force to pursue new skills and knowledge in a more personalised way
  12. 12. Read on…. • Now that you understand what OBSA members want the SA industry to achieve by using these guidelines, • Please read on….
  13. 13. TARGET AUDIENCE Who should use these guidelines?
  14. 14. Target Audience • Badge Creators: – Instructional and/or Curriculum Designers – Learning Infrastructure Specialists – Learning Administrators • Badge Consumers: – Line Managers – Recruiters – Talent Managers • Badge Earners
  15. 15. BADGING OPPORTUNITIES How can Open Badges support life-long learning?
  16. 16. Micro-Credentialling Life-long Learning • Through visible mapping of learning outcomes (competencies and skills)in badge framework design • By tracking the professional and personal development of staff during performance management • Enable the recruitment quest to find the best match for a position • Integrate credentials represented by badges into HR Systems • Effectively display and use earned badges to map skills and competencies to career paths.
  17. 17. In a nutshell… • Motivation & Recognition • Show case knowledge and skills • Consolidation of various learnings • Professional membership & CPD points • Informal Learning on radar screen • Supplement NQF credentials • Recruitment enhancement – profiling of applicants
  18. 18. OBI SUMMARISED Open Badges Infrastructure
  19. 19. ESTABLISHING A COMMON BADGING LANGUAGE Let’s all use the same words!
  20. 20. Badging Terms • OBI – Open Badges Infrastructure • Open Badges • Metadata • Baking Badges • Publishing Badges • Assertions (Issued Badges) • Backpacks (Badge Repositories) • Consuming Badges (Following the links baked into the badge to view the criteria for earning the badge)
  21. 21. HOW TO CREATE A BADGING STRATEGY “Where do I start? “ “Can’t I just create a badge or two?”
  22. 22. Designing my Badges for consistency and market worth • What do I want to achieve by this badge / set of badges? – Recognise completed learning – Recognise acquired competencies and skills – Motivate earner to complete the learning path? – Promote different levels of membership – Recognise service / sponsorship
  23. 23. Recognise completion of learning intervention • Instructional designer to – Develop the outcomes of the learning initiative – map sets of learning outcomes to a series of badges for micro-credentialling – Map learning to competencies & tasks and duties • Milestone on learning path = badge • Use Badge Design template to document all the relevant info (refer to Templates Section)
  24. 24. According to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08) • The framework used for the design and construction of ISCO-08 is based on two main concepts: – The kind of work performed (job) – The skill required to do the job. • Definitions of job and occupation – A Job is defined in ISCO-08 as a ‘set of tasks and duties carried out, or meant to be carried out, by one person for a particular employer, including self employment.’ – An occupation is defined as a set of jobs whose main tasks and duties are characterised by a high degree of similarity. Recognise acquired competencies and skills
  25. 25. According to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08) • Skill is defined as the ability to carry out the tasks and duties of a given job. • For the purposes of ISCO-88, two dimensions of skill are used to arrange occupations into groups. – Skill level is defined as a function of the complexity and range of tasks and duties to be performed in an occupation. • the nature of the work performed in an occupation • the level of formal • the amount of informal on-the-job training and /or previous experience in a related occupation – Skill specialisation is considered in terms of four conceptual concepts: • the field of knowledge required • the tools and machinery used • the materials worked on or with: and • the kinds of goods and services produced. Recognise acquired competencies and skills (cont’d)
  26. 26. Motivate earner to complete the development path • Instructional designer to create milestones and checkpoints for development • Milestone on development path = badge – Expiring badges for micro credentials – Permanent badge for the macro credential – Encourage earners to strive beyond the satisfying the current need (micro-credential obtained).
  27. 27. Promote levels of membership • Management team of the Professional Body to design the hierarchy of membership, e.g. “member”, “professional” and “master”. • Decide on time frames – a “master” designation might be a lifetime award, but “member” expires every year and has to be renewed.
  28. 28. Recognise Service / Sponsorship • Management team of the Issuing Organisation to decide what they want to reward, e.g. “Five Years of Service”, “Twenty Years of Service” or “Major Financial Contribution”. • Does this badge expire?
  29. 29. Motivate earner to complete the development path <- Expiring Badges -> Non- Expiring Badges
  30. 30. HOW TO CREATE A BADGE “What’s in a name?“ “Is a Badge more than a pretty picture?”
  31. 31. Design the badge images • Involve the Corporate Image team – for colours, logo and branding purposes • Decide on inner and outer shapes of badges. • Finalise the legend on the badge.
  32. 32. Design the badge metadata • Figure out what skills and knowledge are represented by the badge • Determine how to prove that a person has the skills and knowledge to earn the badge. • Document this information about the badge:
  33. 33. Create the Badge • Use a Image Editor (e.g. PhotoShop) to create the badge image according to the Open Standard: – Size in bytes – Dimensions • Use the organisation LMS; or an open license LMS like Moodle; or a bespoke Badge Creation tool like Open Badge Factory to – ‘bake’ the metadata into the Badge – publish the badge. • The published badge is now ready to be issued to worthy earners
  34. 34. Badge Image Standards • Image must be a PNG. • Images should be square and not exceed 256kb. They should have dimensions not smaller that 90 x 90. • Image is provided as a URL to the image on the issuer server, stored within the metadata. • Mozilla will cache the image in at least two sizes. • When a badge is displayed, it will be loaded from the Mozilla cache to avoid extra burden on the issuer servers. This also helps if the issuer is not available or the link is broken. • Issuers can design badges inside the Web app using a graphical tool, or can upload images prepared elsewhere.
  35. 35. HOW TO ISSUE BADGES “Who can issue a badge?“ “When does one issue a badge?”
  36. 36. Role Player: The Issuer • The organisation or individual who issues badges into the OBI • Determine whether someone meets the criteria and are deserving of a badge • Issue a badge on our site, • Prompt the Badge Earner to push the badge into their Backpack
  37. 37. HOW TO EARN & DISPLAY BADGES “What do I have to do to earn a Badge?“ “What can I do with a badge I earned?”
  38. 38. Role Player: Earner • A person storing their badges within the OBI. (Learners are one type of Badge Earners) • They make an effort to acquire the skills and knowledge that demonstrates their mastery represented by the badge. (They meet the criteria of the badge) • Interact with Issuers to earn badges, then manage and share these badges in their Backpack
  39. 39. HOW TO CONSUME BADGES “Why would I be interested in other people’s badges?
  40. 40. Consumption • Click on the badge to open the metadata (information baked into the badge) • Click on the links to view evidence (if provided) • Scrutinise the issuer details – the reputation of the issuer will lend weight to the badge
  41. 41. TEMPLATES SECTION “Where can I find examples of badging designs? “Right HERE!
  42. 42. Badge Design Canvas page 1 – provided by Digitalme
  43. 43. Badge Design Canvas page 2 – provided by Digitalme
  44. 44. Badge Catalogue Sample p1
  45. 45. Badge Catalogue Sample p2
  46. 46. Sample Badge Designs
  47. 47. For more information……

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