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Learning from the practice of
culture, development and peace
in Niger
Damien Helly & Greta Galeazzi
(Presentation by Greta...
1. Where do we come from and why this paper?
2. The rationale of a multimedia approach to
researching culture & developmen...
• What is the European Centre for Development
Policy Management (ECDPM): a think-tank in
The Netherlands, doing policy res...
• What is the value / role of culture in the
promotion of sustainable development and
peace?
• Is it possible (and useful)...
Page 5ECDPM
1.3 The projects by CISP
1.4 Conceptualising the “culture-
development nexus” (I)
Page 6ECDPM
1.5 Conceptualising the “culture-
development nexus” (II)
Page 7ECDPM
Sources Dimension 1 Dimension 2 Dimension 3
Holden (...
• Issues in the evaluation of the role of culture
in/for/as development.
• Methodological advances but cultural values
rem...
2.2 Storytelling in research (and
in communications)
Page 9ECDPM
Storytelling a research
tool
Sociologic /
Anthropologic /...
• The innovation: a multimedia approach
• Potential added value / benefits of a multimedia
approach (including storytellin...
• Multiplicity of stories (“real stories”, no embellishment) vs one
story / storyboarding (“crafting” the story)
• Anthrop...
1. Identification and setting the boundaries / limits
1. Scoping the debate around the projects managed and
implemented by...
2. Agreeing on the principles of engagement with CISP and its partners and
communities
2.Narrowing down the locations (geo...
3.3 Towards a methodology /
protocol for multimedia research
& storytelling
Page 14ECDPM
Culture in
development
Culture fo...
3.4 Some first remarks
Page 15ECDPM
• Start of a (“co-creation”?) dynamic with CISP.
• Practical application of the method...
Thank you
www.ecdpm.org
www.slideshare.net/ecdpm
Questions and comments to:
Greta Galeazzi
gg@ecdpm.org
Page 16
Culture & development in the EU and culture in EU
external relations
• Track record of the EU in culture & development:
Pr...
• Least Developed Country (LDC); ranking 187 on
187 in the Human Development Index.
• “Precarious balance”: protests in Zi...
The projects by CISP
Page 19ECDPM
Programme d’épanouissement culturel de
la jeunesse
Une industrie culturelle en développe...
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No sands castles - Earth architecture and peace caravans: Learning from the practice of culture, development and peace in Niger

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ECDPM's Greta Galeazzi made a presentation at the 2015 ENCATC Annual Conference. "No sands castles - Earth architecture and peace caravans: Learning from the practice of culture, development and peace in Niger" looked at the rationale and methodology for multimedia research & storytelling.

The potential added value and benefit of a multimedia approach (including storytelling) to culture in, for, as development are:

-Co-creation and co-performance - building trust, participation and exchanges
-Producing context-specific and multidimensional data
-The storage and reuse of data
-Audience and communication for synthesis, accessibility and impact

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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No sands castles - Earth architecture and peace caravans: Learning from the practice of culture, development and peace in Niger

  1. 1. Learning from the practice of culture, development and peace in Niger Damien Helly & Greta Galeazzi (Presentation by Greta Galeazzi) 23 October 2015 No sands castles - Earth architecture and peace caravans.
  2. 2. 1. Where do we come from and why this paper? 2. The rationale of a multimedia approach to researching culture & development 3. Towards a methodology / protocol for multimedia research & storytelling Structure of the presentation Page 2ECDPM
  3. 3. • What is the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM): a think-tank in The Netherlands, doing policy research but also working with local actors in Africa and elsewhere. • Our track record on culture & development and culture in EU external relations: Preparatory Action, leading on most of the European Neighbourhood. • Policy discussions in the EU. 1.1 Where do we come from? Page 3ECDPM
  4. 4. • What is the value / role of culture in the promotion of sustainable development and peace? • Is it possible (and useful) to apply a multimedia research approach to produce knowledge on culture and development? What are the challenges and the limitations of such approach? • Focus on the practical cases of two cultural projects being funded by the EU in Niger. 1.2. Why this paper? Page 4ECDPM
  5. 5. Page 5ECDPM 1.3 The projects by CISP
  6. 6. 1.4 Conceptualising the “culture- development nexus” (I) Page 6ECDPM
  7. 7. 1.5 Conceptualising the “culture- development nexus” (II) Page 7ECDPM Sources Dimension 1 Dimension 2 Dimension 3 Holden (2013), Dessin et al (2015) [COST Report] Intrinsic / Aesthetic / Artistic & technical excellence Instrumental / Value for money Institutional / Behaviour change potential (anthropological) Dessin et al (2015) [COST Report] Culture in development (including cultural and creative industries) Culture for development Culture as development Authors’ understanding of the three dimensions of the culture- development nexus Cultural sector producing culture for the sake of it Culture as an autonomous but linked sector Role of culture in influencing / impacting other sectors (mediation role) Culture as (potential) driver of change of sustainable development, peacebuilding, counter radicalisation, etc (changing behaviors).
  8. 8. • Issues in the evaluation of the role of culture in/for/as development. • Methodological advances but cultural values remain subjective and personal experiences given social meaning by individuals. • Recurrent challenges for analysing the role and impact of EU-funded (but also other donors’) cultural projects having development or peace goals. 2.1 The rationale of a multimedia approach to researching culture & development Page 8ECDPM
  9. 9. 2.2 Storytelling in research (and in communications) Page 9ECDPM Storytelling a research tool Sociologic / Anthropologic / Ethnographic Research / Organisational science used in leads to Participatory research Participatory action (co-creation of solutions) Narrative analysis & research Sense making useful for What is storytelling in the academic research world? ● A research tool already in use in some research domains; ● often with long timeframes (participatory approach); ● and with a own set of ethical problems. A communication tool appealing to emotions, experiences, etc.
  10. 10. • The innovation: a multimedia approach • Potential added value / benefits of a multimedia approach (including storytelling) to culture in/for/as development - Co-creation and co-performance, trust-building, participation, exchanges - Context-specific and multi-dimensional data - Data storage and re-use - Audience and communication (synthesis, accessibility, impact). Disclaimer: storytelling not suitable for generalisations. 2.3 The rationale of a multimedia approach to researching culture & development Page 10ECDPM
  11. 11. • Multiplicity of stories (“real stories”, no embellishment) vs one story / storyboarding (“crafting” the story) • Anthropological / ethnographic approach • Questions of political correctness (in developing countries: the impact of donor-recipient mentality; Bayart’s “strategies of extraversion”) • Questions of confidentiality • Questionnaires vs open ended questions vs “focus groups” • Current criticism of some research on the value of culture: differentiate between research, evaluation, advocacy? 2.4 Challenges and limitations Page 11ECDPM
  12. 12. 1. Identification and setting the boundaries / limits 1. Scoping the debate around the projects managed and implemented by CISP and its partners, to identify the political and policy context. 2. Screening of available audiovisual data. CISP already produced videos interviews during the time of the workshops and performances of the “caravanes de la paix” and of the “Architecture en terre” project. 3. Interviews with key stakeholders and resource people 4. Identification of key partners including audiovisual companies and operators. 3.1 Towards a methodology / protocol for multimedia research & storytelling (I) Page 12ECDPM
  13. 13. 2. Agreeing on the principles of engagement with CISP and its partners and communities 2.Narrowing down the locations (geography) 3. Co-development of indicators to understand the processes - social, financial political, emotional, psychological - through which culture has an impact (or not) on development. We would test whether the impacts or effects of the projects can be reconducted to the three conceptualisation of culture for/in/as development. 4.Decide on questionnaires vs semi-structured interviews (pros / cons) 5.Tailoring approaches to typologies of informers / stakeholders / interviewees / focus groups 6.Build-up an audiovisual synopsis based on initial consultations and options for storytelling, to be refined after the field research. 3. Carry out field research. 2.Identify indicators in audio-visual material gathered. 3.Refine the storyboard, synthesise findings. 4. Process materials and dissemination. 3.2 Towards a methodology / protocol for multimedia research & storytelling (II) Page 13ECDPM
  14. 14. 3.3 Towards a methodology / protocol for multimedia research & storytelling Page 14ECDPM Culture in development Culture for development Culture as development Indicators for interviews with audience and participants Various based on groupings identified by Carnwath & Brown (2014) in particular on engagement and on aesthetics Various based on groupings identified by Carnwath & Brown (2014) in particular on intellectual stimulation Various based on groupings identified by Carnwath & Brown (2014) in particular on empathy and social connectedness Indicators for interviews with experts and resources people Indicators for audiovisual evidence Economic / Revenue Environmental / Ecology Social Direct impacts Indirect impacts
  15. 15. 3.4 Some first remarks Page 15ECDPM • Start of a (“co-creation”?) dynamic with CISP. • Practical application of the methodology to be done in the future, focusing on the key questions we aim to answer: • lessons learnt from earth architecture as a type of cultural action aimed at poverty reduction and sustainable decent housing in this region; • the value and limits of cultural action in Niger as part of the EU’s contribution to development and peace; • the ways to engage the youth in this region, in a context of poverty, exclusion, religious tensions and risks of radicalisation, and migration.
  16. 16. Thank you www.ecdpm.org www.slideshare.net/ecdpm Questions and comments to: Greta Galeazzi gg@ecdpm.org Page 16
  17. 17. Culture & development in the EU and culture in EU external relations • Track record of the EU in culture & development: Preparatory Action and other studies map the EU’s engagement in culture and external action. • Recent evolutions: a strategy in the making in the EU’s kitchens. • School of thoughts in the EU institutions about culture & development. Main concepts of culture & development (including in the EU) (II) Page 17ECDPM
  18. 18. • Least Developed Country (LDC); ranking 187 on 187 in the Human Development Index. • “Precarious balance”: protests in Zinder and in Niamey (capital city) after the participation of President Issoufou in the “Je suis Charlie” march in Paris in January 2015. • Domestic politics: the flight of the former president of the National Assembly to France in August 2014 • Consequences of Boko Haram in the south (Diffa) • Regional context: Mali, Libya, migration, the Tuareg rebellion, Islamic / jihadi groups in the North The context of Niger Page 18ECDPM
  19. 19. The projects by CISP Page 19ECDPM Programme d’épanouissement culturel de la jeunesse Une industrie culturelle en développement : l’architecture en terre January 2014 – ongoing till December 2015 August 2012 – August 2014 Funded by the European Union’s Instrument for Stability Funded by the European Union’s 10th European Development Fund (EDF) and by the ACP Secretariat (Programme ACP-UE d’appui aux secteurs culturels ACP) The project aims to: 1) improve the cultural programmes in the Maisons de la Culture, and the participation of youth in the programmes; and 2) strengthen the capacity of the Maisons de la Culture. These activities will lead to better access to culture for youth, ultimately leading to better social, economic and cultural conditions for the youth The promotion and strengthening of the “cultural industry” of architecture done with local materials (“terre”) will start a process of sustainable development, leading to reduction of poverty, the promotion of decent and sustainable housing, and better economic, social and cultural conditions for the population. The specific objectives through which this cultural industry is supported are: 1) technical and vocational trainings and exchanges of the sector’s workers; and 2) sensitisation of the local communities about earth architecture.

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