Andromache is one of the most devoted and loyal wives in
history. She was an incredibly loving wife. There was nothing
she loved more than her husband except for maybe her son,
However, she was not a particularly fiery woman who
stood up for herself. She was a bit meek but Hector treated her
well. Her son was not old enough to take place in the war.
Astynax was only a baby as the Trojan War ended.
Unfortunately, when the Greeks seized Troy, Andromache
was not able to escape with Astynax.
Hector was well known for his
courage and his noble nature. He
was a Trojan Prince and a great
fighter. Because of his personality
traits, Hector had become one of the
Nine Worthies, the mythological
figures who were believed to
personify the ideals of chivalry.
The subject was taken from Homer’s Iliad. The Trojan hero Hector when setting out for battle
says farewell to his family and compatriots. He has a foreboding of his death but does not bow before fate.
The hero’s high patriotic impulse is more important than his personal suffering. The painting is imbued with
high civic ideals as was characteristic of the historical painting of Classicism. The composition of the work is
clear and balanced. The figure of Hector is placed at the centre of the painting; it is highlighted by an
impressive pose, pathetic gesture and bright red cape. The other characters are depicted in the
background. Their gazes and gestures are directed to the main hero. The main personages – Hector and his
wife Andromache – are splendid both physically and morally, as was appropriate for ideal heroes. They
serve as an example to later generations. The colour in the painting is strict and laconic. Its harmony is built
upon the combination of brown and gray tones, as well as the contrasting silvery-yellow and reds.
In Book VI of the Iliad Homer retells the scene between Hector and
with Hector’s departure for battle, where valiant Diomedes is killing the Trojans by
dozen. The dynamics of this scene come from the diﬀerent motives of the
Andromache, her husband represents her whole family and she wants him to stay at
(because she is afraid of losing him) and protect her and their child at any cost.
Hector loves his family, he chooses the path of honor because he wants to serve his
and does not want his fellow citizens to see him as a coward. Hector thus serves as
Homeric warrior who behaves completely according to the expectations of society.
Andromache fears that she will lose Hector and that their child will grow up without
father. She remembers how Achilles killed her father and her brothers; why should
she let him or some other Achean kill her husband? She fears that the same situation
repeat itself and her predictions will come true (eventually, they do). Most
fears that she will not be able to do anything about it.
Andromache uses rational arguments to
persuade her husband to stay. When her feelings
cannot persuade him, she switches to reasoning
and notes that the attackers know the weak part
of the wall. Thus she implies that he should focus
on defense and not go to the battleﬁeld full of
raging Argives. This example illustrates that
Andromache discusses issues with her husband
and, as opposed to other women, is not treated
as an object. On the contrary, she delivers her
arguments convincingly and Hector respects her.
The battles between the
Trojans and the Greeks are
fierce and bloody, and the
leaders must constantly
encourage their troops. Nestor
reminds the Greeks that their
mission is to kill, not to take the
spoils of war. Hector walks
through the Trojan ranks and
encourages his men. Without
As the Greeks push the Trojans further into
retreat, Hector goes into Troy to ask the women to
prepare sacrifices to the gods, hoping to appease
them and win them to their side. In his absence, the
fighting becomes less intense, and Homer focuses
on a meeting between Diomedes, the Greek
warrior, and Glaucus, a Trojan warrior. After
challenging each other to a duel, they realize that
their grandfathers had been friends. As a result,
they agree to a friendship pact between themselves
and pledge to avoid each other on the battlefield.
As a symbol of their friendship, they exchange
mother, to prepare the offerings and
present them in the temple of Athena.
He then goes to look for his brother,
Paris. When he finds him at home with
Helen, he is irate and calls him
irresponsible for not being on the
battlefield. He chastises Paris for
causing the war and the deaths of many
Trojans. Paris apologizes and promises
to enter the battle. Helen, overhearing
the argument and still in conflict with
Paris will use any excuse to avoid the battlefield.
In contrast, Hector is eager to return there, even
though Andromache, his wife, pleads with him to stay
behind with her and their infant son, Astynax. He
knows that he must fight to prevent his wife and child
from being taken captive by the Greeks. Through his
actions and beliefs, Hector shows that he is a proud,
dutiful, wise, and honorable man, once of the most
noble in the entire poem. Unfortunately, he will be
destroyed, just as Troy is to be destroyed, and he has a
sense of his own doom, which he expresses in this
After leaving Paris, Hector goes to see his wife,
Andromache, and their infant son, Astyanax. She
pleads with him not to return to battle, explaining
that all of her other relatives have been killed by the
Greeks and he is all she has left. Even as she begs,
Andromache knows that Hector will return to the
battlefield. When Hector turns to his son to take him
in his arms, the child is frightened by the plumes on
his helmet. Showing his sensitive side, Hector
removes the helmet and takes the baby into his arms.
He then prays to Zeus that his son will be great. Then
with a final farewell, Hector returns to the battle,
accompanied by Paris.