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Factors affecting climate

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Found this slideshow on the web a few years ago. dont remember from where :( Its been slightly modified.

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Factors affecting climate

  1. 1. LAMECOWS Factors Affecting Climate
  2. 2. L is for Latitude
  3. 3. Latitude <ul><li>The farther away from the Equator, the colder the climate becomes. </li></ul>Low Mid Mid Cold Warm Hot Warm Cold High High Tropic of Cancer Equator Tropic of Capricorn
  4. 4. From which latitude zone were these pictures taken?
  5. 5. Rainforest
  6. 6. Deciduous Trees
  7. 7. Tundra
  8. 8. Steppe
  9. 9. Tropical Grasslands
  10. 10. Marine West Coast
  11. 11. L is for Latitude A is for Air Pressure
  12. 12. Air Pressure <ul><li>Air pressure is caused by the unequal heating of earth’s surface. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Low pressure is warm, moist air. It raises and forms clouds. </li></ul><ul><li>2. High pressure is cold, dry air. </li></ul><ul><li>It sinks and creates clear skies. </li></ul>
  13. 13. L is for Latitude A is for Air Pressure M is for Mountain Barriers
  14. 14. Mountain Barriers <ul><li>Mountain Barriers create a phenomenon called the Orographic Effect or Rainshadow. </li></ul><ul><li>The rainshadow helps create deserts </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Sierra Nevada mountains in CA receive nice amounts of precipitation, Las Vegas, NV is in the rainshadow creating a desert climate. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Rainshadow Effect Windward Side Leeward side ‘ Wet’ side ‘Dry’ side
  16. 16. This rainshadow region in India was created by the presence of the Western Ghats mountain range, which block the monsoon(seasonal) winds from the west.
  17. 17. L is for Latitude A is for Air Pressure M is for Mountain Barriers E is for Elevation
  18. 18. Based on the location of Quito, Ecuador , what type of climate do you think it should have? What about Guayaquil, Ecuador ?
  19. 19. Quito, Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec 58 58 58 59 58 58 58 58 58 58 58 58 Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec 81 81 82 82 81 78 77 77 78 78 79 81
  20. 20. Elevation <ul><li>As elevation increases, temperature decreases. </li></ul><ul><li>1. For every thousand feet the </li></ul><ul><li>temperature drops 3.6°F </li></ul><ul><li>In a highlands climate, lower elevation means more vegetation </li></ul>
  21. 21. L is for Latitude A is for Air Pressure M is for Mountain Barriers E is for Elevation C is for Continental Location
  22. 22. Continental Location <ul><li>Large bodies of water are slower to heat and cool than land. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, water temps. remain stable, and land temps. change frequently . </li></ul><ul><li>Coastlines have stable temperatures. </li></ul><ul><li>Interior of continent has extreme temperatures (hotter and colder) </li></ul>
  23. 23. High/Low Temperatures for Donna and South Padre Island
  24. 24. High/Low Temperatures for Donna and South Padre Island
  25. 25. L is for Latitude A is for Air Pressure M is for Mountain Barriers E is for Elevation C is for Continental Location O is for Ocean Currents
  26. 26. Ocean Currents <ul><li>Ocean currents are giant rivers of sea water flowing within oceans. </li></ul><ul><li>Ocean currents flow in circular paths: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Warm currents carry water from low to high latitudes. These make land nearby warmer. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Cool currents carry water from high to low latitudes. These make land nearby colder. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Ocean Current Map
  28. 28. L is for Latitude A is for Air Pressure M is for Mountain Barriers E is for Elevation C is for Continental Location O is for Ocean Currents W is for Wind Belts
  29. 29. Wind Belts <ul><li>Wind is the movement of air from high pressure to low pressure (like when you poke a hole in a tire.) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Trade Winds </li></ul><ul><li>2. Westerlies </li></ul><ul><li>3. Polar Winds </li></ul>
  30. 30. Wind Belt Map
  31. 31. L is for Latitude A is for Air Pressure M is for Mountain Barriers E is for Elevation C is for Continental Location O is for Ocean Currents W is for Wind Belts S is for Storms
  32. 32. Storms <ul><li>Occur during low pressure conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Storm fronts occurs when two air masses with different temperatures meet. (cold meets warm) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Thunderstorms </li></ul><ul><li>2. Tornadoes </li></ul><ul><li>3. Hurricanes </li></ul>

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